America at war! (1941–) – Part 4


Rallies tonight climax drive to determine White House occupant

Smaller vote expected this year and result should be closer than in 1940, experts say
By Lyle C. Wilson, United Press staff writer

New York –
Franklin D. Roosevelt and Thomas E. Dewey bring their presidential campaigns to climax tonight for the general election next Tuesday to determine the occupant of the White House for the next four years and the political complexion of the 79th Congress.

There are five candidates for President, hundreds for Congress and thousands upon thousands for state and local offices.

Thirty-one governors will be elected Tuesday. Maine elected its governor last September – a Republican – but votes for President next Tuesday with the other states. Of the 31 governorships in contest, 12 are held by the Democrats.

States outside the South where Democrats are serving and where Republicans have more or less chance to make gains are: Arizona, Rhode Island, Utah, Indiana, New Mexico, North Dakota, Tennessee and West Virginia.

The presidential candidates and their running mates are:

  • DEMOCRATIC: Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman
  • REPUBLICAN: Thomas E. Dewey and John W. Bricker
  • SOCIALIST: Norman Thomas and Darlington Hoopes
  • SOCIALIST-LABOR: Edward A. Teichert and Arla A. Albaugh
  • PROHIBITION: Claude A. Watson and Andrew Johnson

This is a fourth term bid by Mr. Roosevelt. Four years ago, he defeated the late Wendell L. Willkie (Republican) by 27,243,466 votes to 22,304,755, polling 55 percent of the popular vote against 45 percent for Mr. Willkie, but winning a landslide electoral vote decision, 449–82.

Smaller vote expected

The popular vote is expected to be smaller and closer this year, estimates of the total running 40 million well beyond 45 million, compared with the approximately 50 million cast in 1940. In a close election, the absentee vote from the armed services may be decisive and that further complicates the situation. In 11 states, those absentee ballots will be counted after Election Day on dates varying with the states. The final count is as late as Dec. 7 in North Dakota. The other 10 are California, Colorado, Florida, Maryland, Missouri, Nebraska, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Utah and Washington.

A remark by vice-presidential candidate Truman has been taken as a challenge to the statesmanship of Senator David I. Walsh, senior member of the Democratic Party in all New England. Senator Truman called Mr. Walsh an “isolationist” under circumstances suggesting that the Senate would be better off without him unless he changed his point of view. The remark may cost Mr. Roosevelt Massachusetts’ 16 electoral votes.

Minute minorities

The Thomas-Teichert-Watson presidential candidacies, representing minute minorities, are protest or single-cause gestures, at most, without hope of more than some hundreds votes here and there where it has been possible to conform within the law to get the party name on the ballot.

As the campaign closes, party alignments in Congress are as follows:

  • SENATE: 58 Democrats, 37 Republicans, 1 Progressive.
  • HOUSE: 214 Democrats, 210 Republicans, 2 Progressives, 1 Farmer-Labor, 1 American Labor, 7 vacant.

There will be 36 senatorial contests Tuesday, one of them for a short term from Indiana which expires Jan. 3, 1945, and, therefore, is of no significance. That Indiana seat represents a Democratic vacancy. There are, in addition, 22 Democratic seats and 13 Republican seats at stake next week, one of the former and two of the latter being for short terms which will continue for several years. The remaining 32 contests are for full, six-year terms.

Possible but–

It would be mathematically possible, but politically impossible for the Republicans to obtain at this election enough additional seats to give them a minimum of 49 which would provide a bare majority-of-one control of the Senate in the 79th Congress. That is because some of the Democratic seats at stake are from Southern states which are safe for the party.

The Democratic majority in the House of Representatives has already been whittled away by death, resignations and by-elections since November 1942. A bare majority-of-one requires 218 seats. There is no majority party in the House of the 78th Congress as of now. But the Republicans have made no effort to challenge Democratic organization of that body which continues Rep. Sam Rayburn (D-TX) as Speaker.

There are 435 seats in the House, but only 432 will be up for decision on Tuesday. Maine elected its House delegation last September – three Republicans.


GOP collects and spends twice as much as Democrats

Washington (UP) –
Final pre-election accountings on file today with the House clerk revealed that the Republican National Committee spent $2,008,000 between Jan. 1 and Nov. 1, 1944, while the Democratic National Committee expended $1,331,713.

During the same period, the GOP group collected $2,773,506 as compared with $1,375,539 taken in by the Democratic organization.

The much-0publicized $1000 Club, which President Roosevelt recently said apparently developed from a suggestion advanced by him, listed contributions of $94,100 between Oct. 5 – the date the first gift was received – and Nov. 1. The club spent $64,217. President Roosevelt was one of the $1,000 donors.

Others included: Marshall Field, owner of the newspapers PM and the Chicago Sun; Club Chairman, F. J. Lewis of Chicago; Club Treasurer George K. Bowden of Chicago; Rep. Wright Patman, (D-TX); Governor Robert S. Kerr of Oklahoma; Governor J. Howard McGrath of Rhode Island; Edgar A. Brown, president pro tempore of the South Carolina Senate, and Claude S. Sapp of Washington. Alfred K. Eddy of Chicago made a $100 contribution.

Other final pre-election reports: National Republican Congressional Committee, receipts $393,309, expenditures $359,688; national Republican Senatorial Committee, receipts $25,690, expenditures, $24,390; Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee, receipts $39,314, expenditures, $38,500; Business Men for Roosevelt, Inc., receipts, $123,762, expenditures, $104,724; International Ladies Garment Workers Union Campaign Committee for Roosevelt, receipts $124,121, expenditures, $102,965.

The final reports were made in compliance with the Federal Corrupt Practices Act of 1925 which requires any committee attempting to influence in more than one state the election of presidential electors, Senators, Representatives, Resident Commissioners or delegates to Congress to file an accounting with the House clerk five days before the national election.

La Guardia wars on mop shakers

Two housewives already fined $25


Bricker hits ‘one-man’ government

Says Roosevelt wants ‘to go it alone’

En route to Cleveland, Ohio (UP) –
Ohio Governor John W. Bricker ends his eight-week, 16,000-mile campaign tonight at Cleveland with a speech in the Music Hall.

The GOP vice-presidential nominee made his final nationwide radio speech last night at Philadelphia with a summing up of his campaign in which he said that Governor Thomas E. Dewey “deplores one-man government” while President Roosevelt “wants to go it alone.”

On his way through Ohio, Governor Bricker speaks today at Youngstown and Akron, and makes rear-platform talks at Niles and Warren.

His 170th speech

Governor Bricker’s speech at Cleveland tonight will be the 170th he will have delivered since he began his campaign at French Lick, Indiana, on Sept. 9. He stumped the nation from Maine to Oregon to California, Texas and back to the metropolitan New York area before winding up in his home state.

The speech last night was in the nature of a “closing argument” to the jury of voters who give their verdict next Tuesday. Governor Bricker accused President Roosevelt of “repudiating” free representative government by bypassing Congress; of finding so “irksome” an “independent judiciary” that he “packed” the Supreme Court with New Dealers; of substituting the White House “palace guard” for his Cabinet; of permitting world diplomacy to slip from his administration’s hands, and of allying himself with Communists through Earl Browder and Sidney Hillman to gain support for his reelection campaign.

Confusion charged

Asserting that Mr. Roosevelt’s “one-man government” resulted in “confusion, arrogance and bickering in government,” Governor Bricker said that “the man responsible for this condition is not the man to serve representative government at home or abroad.”

Attacking Mr. Roosevelt’s foreign policy, Governor Bricker said that a “strong domestic policy” was the only base for a “strong foreign policy.”


Mississippi law checks electors

Jackson, Mississippi (UP) –
The Mississippi Legislature today completed its approval of an emergency law guaranteeing the state’s nine electoral votes to the Roosevelt-Truman ticket in Tuesday’s election and sent it to Governor Thomas E. Bailey for his signature.

This was only a matter of form, however, since the Governor himself called the extraordinary session of the General Assembly after three Democratic electors announced that they would vote for Senator Harry Byrd (D-VA), instead of Mr. Roosevelt.

Both houses of the assembly approved in the special session yesterday a bill permitting the drafting of up to five replacements for the three dissident electors.

Ickes: Dewey ‘man nobody for’

Baltimore, Maryland (UP) –
Secretary of the Interior Ickes charged last night that the Republicans are waging a “negative” campaign and that Governor Thomas E. Dewey is the man “nobody is for.”

He told the Maryland Committee for Roosevelt and Truman that he had “challenged speaker after speaker to give us any reasons why we should vote for Dewey” but had received no answer.

He said:

The truth is that the Republicans aren’t for anything or anybody. They have a consistent record of being against.

Mr. Ickes renewed his attack on the people “inside Dewey’s Trojan horse,” who he described as “a prize group of isolationists and rabblerousers.”

Glass industry fights raises in salaries

Pittsburgher argues case before WLB


Dan Tobin scoffs at libel suit

Navy officers’ case called ‘ridiculous’

New York (UP) –
Daniel J. Tobin, president of the Teamsters Union, today termed “senseless and ridiculous” libel suits totaling $400,000 filed against him by two Navy officers involved in the “Battle of the Statler” and asserted that the actions “are published now for political purposes.”

Mr. Tobin said:

First, they were the ones that gave the stuff to the papers and that wasn’t until a week later. And we didn’t publish it in our magazine until two weeks later.

Now, they wait to press the suit just before election and it looks to me like politics. You can say this for me I hope they don’t withdraw the suit.

LtCdr. James H. Suddeth and Lt. Randolph Dickins Jr. charged that an article in the November issue of The International Teamster, union publication of which Mr. Tobin is editor, subjected them to “public ridicule, contempt and disgrace.”

The article falsely accused them, the suits said, of drunkenness, attacks on union members and using profane language against President Roosevelt following the President’s Sept. 23 address to the Teamsters. That last charge would make them liable to court-martial and probable dishonorable discharge, the suits added.


Murray suggests Dewey-Klan ties

New York (UP) –
CIO President Philip Murray yesterday referred to Governor Thomas E. Dewey, Republican presidential candidate, in connection with “a fiery cross” and “hoods.”

Mr. Murray told 1,200 members of the Women’s Division of the National Citizens Political Action Committee at the Commodore Hotel:

Tom Dewey might go to Boston and burn a fiery cross. Oh, yes, and other leaders may resort to the use of filth to create confusion and divide the people, but you here will not fall into such pits of immorality. You have other things to do… to serve the people of this country and the peoples of other countries…

On Nov. 8 when you go out through the country looking for those men who have been riding about under hoods you will probably find a little hood on the ground and under it you will find a little man named Dewey.

Murray did not clarify his remarks further.

He said of the Democratic presidential candidate:

If ever a human being was created by God who rendered the people a more useful service than Franklin D. Roosevelt I would like to know who he is.

Hillman charged with Communism

New York (UP) –
Republican National Chairman Herbert Brownell Jr. asserted today that CIO Political Action Chairman Sidney Hillman was a founder of an organization that contributed almost two million dollars to Communist causes in America.

Mr. Brownell said in a prepared statement:

Mr. Robert Hannegan, Chairman of the Democratic National Committee, spent a good deal of time on the radio Thursday night in an attempt to prove that Mr. Sidney Hillman had no Communist connections. Mr. Hillman himself in a speech to the Washington Press Club challenged the boys to prove that he was a Communist.

Mr. Brownell said that a Democratic Congressional Committee had stated that Mr. Hillman was “mixed up with” the American Fund for Public Service and described the Fund as “a large project to finance Communistic subversive activities in the United States.”

Mr. Brownell charged that Mr. Hillman was a director of the project and that the Fund contributed to the Communist Federal Press and to The Daily Worker among other causes.


Norman Thomas asks $500,000

New York (UP) –
Norman Thomas, Socialist Party candidate for President, has filed suit for $500,000 damages against Daniel Tobin, president of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters (AFL), charging that references to Mr. Thomas in the union magazine constituted “malicious libel.”

New Deal’s goal for jobs stressed

New York (UP) –
Vice President Henry A. Wallace said last night that both President Roosevelt and Governor Thomas E. Dewey have stated that they are “for full employment” but the President, he said, unlike Dewey, has been specific in setting a post-war goal of 60 million jobs.

Mr. Wallace said the “single fact” to emerge from Governor Dewey’s “thousands of campaign miles” is that “he is mad at Roosevelt and wants his job.”


Good weather expected Tuesday

Washington (UP) –
Election Day weather in 10 East Central states, including pivotal New York, Pennsylvania and Ohio, will be clearing and cold with snow flurries in mountainous areas, the U.S. Weather Bureau reported today in a tentative forecast.

The forecast also embraced West Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland and Virginia.

There will be rain throughout the area on Monday, but Tuesday should be generally clear except for light snow in mountainous areas of New York, Pennsylvania, West Virginia and Western Maryland.

The Weather Bureau emphasized that the forecast was only tentative. A comprehensive state by state prediction will be issued later.


Poll time extended

Lansing, Michigan –
Governor Harry F. Kelly last night signed a bill passed by a special session of the Legislature giving cities and townships optional permission to extent voting hours from 8:00 p.m. to 10:00 p.m. CWT for Tuesday’s election.

Casanova Brown on Stanley screen

Gary Cooper, Teresa Wright starred in film but Frank Morgan steals show
By Dick Fortune

Millett: Merely having baby isn’t being a good mother

Child study clubs prove awareness of need for special training
By Ruth Millett

Will luck run out?
Unbeaten Irish 6–5 underdogs against Navy


Stokes: Election prediction

By Thomas L. Stokes

Love: Now about vitamins

By Gilbert Love

Air conference delegates expect OK from Russia

Soviet influence, despite absence, figured to help win support for American stand


GOP secretary, H. W. Mason, dies

1945 Lend-Lease program calls for little change

But when and if Germany falls, revisions are expected in what U.S. gives Britain

Discharged veterans may reenter service

Nazis boost repression of slave labor

Workers kept in plants during raids

Mitscher: Japan open to sea attack

Admiral hints enemy lost seven carriers

Hero, girl killed on wedding eve

Four others also die in auto accident


Truman to end campaign tonight

Independence, Missouri (UP) –
Senator Harry S. Truman, Democratic vice-presidential candidate, will wind up his campaign in his hometown of Independence today as Missouri remains a political enigma three days before the general election. He will speak here tonight.

Heading for a celebration here, Mr. Truman arrived in Kansas City last night, still holding to his prediction that President Roosevelt would carry the Show Me State “by more than 100,000 votes.” Unbiased observers contended, however, that Missouri’s 15 electoral voters were still a tossup.

very interesting coming from the liar bircher known as Pegler the rotting in hell man.