America at war! (1941--) -- Part 2

Private gets 10 years for 6 arson attempts

OPA may cut rent offices

80% reduction of control staff contemplated

Public member says –
Law of state superseded by WLB’s powers

Opinion upholds authority to grant union security in Wisconsin case

WLB explains Chrysler lag in production

Labor and management are both to blame, Taylor says

Soldier ‘too lazy to live’ usually dies in Aleutians

So Army’s 52-page book of tips on what to do and what not to do is a bestseller
By Morley Cassidy, North American Newspaper Alliance

Post-war status of government’s plants studied

Fitting large federally-owned capacity into peace production is knotty industrial problem
By Robert Taylor, Press Washington correspondent

Poll: Manpower draft favored in U.S. by huge majority

79% of men and women in survey believe government should induct civilians for war work
By George Gallup, Director, American Institute of Public Opinion

Probably or no other major issue of the war has Congress or the government lagged so far behind public opinion as on the issue of a manpower draft for war industries.

As early as March 1942 – only three months after Pearl Harbor – Institute surveys found a substantial majority of American voters in favor of a national manpower registration and a program for drafting civilians into war work.

When Congress reconvenes next month, it will again find the issue of manpower waiting on its doorstep, more persistent than ever, in the shape of the Austin-Wadsworth National Service Bill.

In every test of public opinion on the issue in the last year and a half, the Institute has found a majority in favor of manpower draft.

Some are doubtful

There are many persons, it is true, who believe that no serious manpower shortage exists or that even if it does exist, the situation does not call for so drastic a measure as a draft.

But even taking this group into account, the latest Institute survey completed this week shows that people from coast to coast who have given enough thought to this issue to have an opinion favor a manpower draft by a great majority.

Perhaps the most significant fact revealed in the latest survey, and one of special interest to Paul V. McNutt, Manpower Commissioner, is that some 15 million men and women in the United States believe that they might be called for national service if a draft comes.

Labor pool huge

These 15 million, who apparently consider their present work less essential than war work and who favor the idea of a nationwide draft by a huge majority, form a labor pool far in excess of the maximum increase demanded to date by the War Manpower Commission.

The question will arise as to why these 15 million people, if they feel they are not contributing directly to the war production effort, do not volunteer for war jobs.

Undoubtedly the same reason applies in the case of a manpower draft as applies in the case of a military draft. Military authorities agree, on the basis of experience in the last war, that it is impossible to raise a large-scale army by volunteer methods alone.

Shows increase

The reaction of the public toward a manpower draft was sounded on the following issue in the Institute’s survey:

If there is a shortage of men and women workers for war industries this fall, should the government draft persons to fill these jobs?

Yes 79%
No 14%
Undecided 7%

In a poll in March 1942 on a similar issue, the vote was 61% in favor of the draft.

In a second part of today’s survey, each person interviewed was asked whether he thought he might be drafted into a war job if a manpower conscription act were passed.

91% approve

A total of 15 million, as indicated above, said they thought they might be drafted for such service.

When these people were also asked whether they approve or disapprove of the idea of a draft law, the vote was 91% approval, or considerably higher than the national vote of 79%.

This labor pool of 15 million consists of men and women in roughly equal numbers, with the men slightly outnumbering the women. Most of the total is found in the age brackets from 21 to 50 years.

Healing war’s wounds –
Just any old job not to be enough for war veterans

Industry warned that a change of heart is due in putting rehabilitated soldiers back on their feet
By Frank Sinclair

Hero of battle in Sicily skies awarded medal

Aerial gunner is credited with downing 7 enemy planes in one day

Congressman says –
Contract law faces attack by industry

Monopolistic groups oppose Renegotiation Act, Fulmer asserts

New war talks will probably center on Reds

Roosevelt and Churchill to resume conferences in Washington

Yanks close in on Jap base at Kolombangara

Last of enemy flee from New Georgia; Americans seize 6 small islands
By Don Caswell, United Press staff correspondent

Tardy workers lead strikers

Walkout called as protest to disciplining

Souvenir hunt nets captives for U.S. flier

Army to get troop trains

1,500 specially-designed cars to be made

Priority on delivery –
OPA tightens hard coal use

Domestic users limited to half of 1942 requirements

Wisconsin sub sinks ship its first patrol

First torpedo of vessel built in Midwest strikes target
By Charles P. Arnot, United Press staff writer

Aged friend of Presidents and royalty seriously ill

New York station master who called Coolidge ‘Cal’ suffering from pneumonia

Great blunders mark leadership of Hitler in four years of war

Allies’ spirit and strength misjudged
By Thomas M. Johnson, NEA military writer

Mrs. Roosevelt is dusted with South Pacific coral

New Zealand reporters are beckoned to her feet; cooperation after war discussed

Editorial: Out of the drink

Heart interest and mystery mix well in clever novel

Author, a WAC, tells of post-Civil War days