America at war! (1941--) -- Part 2

The Pittsburgh Press (August 23, 1943)

31 in one battle –
Allies down 114 planes in raids on Italy

Rail center near Naples battered; landing on mainland denied
By Reynolds Packard, United Press staff writer

Yanks, Canadians occupy isle 20 miles from Kiska

Three damaged midget submarines discovered at captured enemy base in Aleutians

Québec puzzle –
Russia only major ally now absent

Australia and China join in war conferences now nearing an end
By Merriman Smith, United Press staff writer

Québec, Canada –
Announcement that Australian representation was being added to the Québec Conference today focused new attention on the absence of Russia, now the only one of the big Allied fighting powers without some representative in the war talks led by President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill.

Sir William Glasgow, High Commissioner for Australia in Canada, was due from Ottawa. U.S. Secretary of the Navy Frank Knox arrived by plane from Washington. And there was some indication that Under Secretary of State Sumner Welles, absent from Washington, might have been called into the conference.

Deny connection

Represented now by top men in the Québec war conferences approaching a conclusion were the United States, Great Britain, Canada, China and Australia.

Official sources still denied any connection between the Québec Conference and the Russian withdrawal of Ambassador Maxim Litvinov from Washington. But they admitted that the timing of the announcement raised a multitude of questions as to the impression the Soviet was trying to convey to the world.

Virtually every important war figure in the higher echelons of the British, American and Canadian governments was on hand. Mr. Roosevelt scheduled a series of continuous conferences during the day and it was definitely known that the meetings are at a point of final approval of a master plan for destructive operations against the Axis the remainder of this year.

Mystery continues

As the arrivals of new officials here continued so did the air of mystery over the conference of the past seven days. Last night, some officials tacitly advised some of their contacts that today would bring a big announcement. A morning press conference produced the news that Mr. Churchill and Prime Minister W. L. Mackenzie King were to make an automobile tour of the city.

Chinese Foreign Minister T. V. Soong, lunched with President Roosevelt and was expected to remain for additional talks in the afternoon. Mr. Roosevelt was devoting some time in preparing his Ottawa speech.

May blitz cities

While official sources cautioned against excluding any war theater from speculation, there were increasing indications that an intensification of the aerial offensive against Italy was near. The plans, it was believed, called for such cities as Naples, Brindisi and Taranto to be “Hamburged” from the air, and then, if the Italian government still refused to capitulate, an invasion.

Dr. Soong’s arrival yesterday was followed by a statement from White House Press Secretary Stephen T. Early:

The President expected to confer as soon as possible with Dr. Soong. Mr. Churchill will participate in these discussions which have to do with the plans for the war on Japan, the emphasis being given to that and all points pertaining to the war on Japan.

Welcomes Stimson

Yesterday, the conference at the Citadel began right after breakfast. Mr. Roosevelt welcomed Mr. Stimson, then lunched with the Prime Minister and the War Secretary and a number of others.

After lunch, the President drove to the Isle d’Orleans with Mrs. Churchill and inspected several old churches. Lewis O. Douglas, American deputy war shipping administrator, who was once principal of McGill University and who has an intimate knowledge of Québec Province, acted as “guide.”

Hold long parley

After the drive, Mr. Roosevelt joined Mr. Churchill, Secretary of State Cordell Hull, British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden, Sir Alexander Cadogan, the Permanent Under Secretary for External Affairs in the British government, and James C. Dunn, State Department political advisor.

The conference began about 5:30 p.m. and lasted far into the night. It obviously involved bigtime foreign policy from the political standpoint.

While the intensive conferences were going on in the Citadel, the armed staff chiefs and many of their aides, including some secretarial help and technical experts, cruised on the St. Lawrence and the Saguenay Rivers. Leaving Saturday night, they returned late yesterday.

Québec sure Reds won’t make peace

Allied strategy based on belief that Russia will stay in war
By Henry J. Taylor

Québec, Canada –
The overwhelming fact which emerged from this conference cannot be told officially. The absolute conviction among the conferees in the Québec discussions is that Germany and Russia will not make an armistice or in any way arrive at a separate peace.

The reason this cannot be told officially is, of course, because this source of widespread anxiety and speculation throughout the United States and Great Britain cannot be recognized officially. But this correspondent has established the fact through direct contact and individual inquiry.

The directives emanating from this conference and every plan decided here are based on the conviction that there will be no diminution of fighting on Germany’s Eastern Front.

This possibility effects every fundamental in Allied strategy. In a military problem so large as this you cannot make alternate plans which include such an eventuality as this. It bears directly on the size of our forces needed for victory., the time and place of opening the so-called second front, the disposition of the British Navy from European waters to help us in the Pacific, the design of our Air Force equipment and organization, the type of it we are willing to supply Russian under Lend-Lease and, most of all, the length of the war and its cost in blood, sweat and tears.

The time comes when you have to make up your mind. The time has come. The minds are made up. Plans which would be disastrous if the Germans were in any way released from fighting on their Eastern Front have been agreed to here and the die is cast.

The news value of this dispatch – and it is vastly important news – is that anyone in our country or abroad who believes that there may be a reproachment between Russia and Germany differs with the final judgment of the conference of Québec.

Roosevelt to broadcast

Washington (UP) –
The White House announced today that President Roosevelt’s address Wednesday in Ottawa will be delivered at noon and will be broadcast.

‘Gertie from Berlin’ is a Pittsburgh girl

Nazi propagandist with intriguing voice moved from Mt. Oliver to Germany in 1938

3-month draft quota 907,000

10 million to be under arms by Sept. 30

Ickes returns 53 more mines to operators

Restoration of production affects pits involved in walkouts

Half a ton of paper used to save bureaucratic face

Matter of who cooperates with whom creates a $516 question of capital protocol

Annabel: Japs’ threat to return to Kiska brings laughs

Allies find virtually every object in enemy’s camp riddled by repeated raids
By Russell Annabel, United Press staff writer

4 Coast Guards refuse orders, are arrested

Brewster plant employees leave jobs in protest

Wolfert: Pearl Harbor raid labelled Japan’s error

Yank officers say enemy should have driven south first
By Ira Wolfert

Skip-bombing by U.S. fliers disrupts Jap plan in Burma

Planes frequently fly as low as five to 10 feet off ground to insure accuracy

Bickel: U.S. reporters restricted at Québec parley

Official correspondents curbed at insistence of federal agency
By Karl A. Bickel, Scripps-Howard Newspaper Alliance

Yank lives 43 days surrounded by Japs

Wounded, half-starved, naval officer kills five enemy soldiers sent out to get him
By Frank Tremaine, United Press staff writer

Aid reaching China, Yank general says

Allies pound Jap defenses at Salamaua

Yanks, Australians seize heights overlooking New Guinea base
By Brydon Taves, United Press staff writer

Here’s news: U.S. has profit on war damage insurance

Total may reach several hundred million dollars unless there are serious raids

‘Tall tales’ true for son of former German sailor

Young Merchant Marine survives sinking of ship off Sicily, picks up Nazi pilot’s cap

Hollywood says he’s absolutely crazy, but Riskin keeps on making hit movies

He turns out films for his friends, not the public, and works for a reasonable salary
By Erskine Johnson