America at war! (1941--) -- Part 2

Editorial: We want no Gestapo

We think the local Office of Price Administration could have made no greater error than to turn loose a force of government agents, accompanied by police, to stop and question motorists.

This isn’t the way policies are enforced in America. It smacks of the Gestapo. It is bound to create bitterness and resistance.

And, most important of all, it will undermine the rationing system, which is obviously imperative to success of the war program. This is the sort of thing that undermines confidence in an emergency measure such as rationing.

The American people are willing to make war sacrifices. But they are not willing to be questioned on the streets as if they were fugitives from justice.

Fortunately, the procedure followed here seemed to be at variance with the national policy. The sooner it is stopped, the better for all concerned.

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Rommel’s men nearer Tripoli

Allied fliers raid Sicily and Tunisian ports
By Edward W. Beattie, United Press staff writer

Communiqués due direct from Africa

Washington (UP) – (Jan. 7)
A War Department spokesman said today that henceforth communiqués on the North African fighting will probably not be issued here.

Publication of the communiqués here simultaneously with or shortly after their release by North African headquarters has been a temporary measure adopted because of communications difficulties in North Africa, the spokesman explained.

Communications from that area have been greatly expanded, however, and now are apparently adequate to carry the full flow of news to the home front.

The spokesman said that from now on, news of the North African fighting will come direct from the front and from Lt. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower’s headquarters.

GOP ghosts stir when joined by Hopkins, bride

Apartment is landmark of Republicans
By Evelyn Peyton Gordon, Scripps-Howard staff writer

Lana is silent on question of bigamous mate

Actress, expecting baby, files annulment suit against ‘tobacco heir’

Nikola Tesla, discoverer of radio principle, dies


New York (UP) –
Nikola Tesla, 86, the electrical genius who discovered the fundamental principle of modern radio, was found dead in his hotel room last night.

He died in bed sometime yesterday. The maid who cleaned his room every day found the body. Gaunt in his last years, he had lately been wasting away.

Tesla was never married. He has always lived alone, and the hotel management did not believe he had any near relatives.

Despite his more than 700 inventions, he was not wealthy. He cared little for money, and so long as he could experiment, he was happy. Much of the time, he did not even have a laboratory and worked where he lived.

Invented arc lighting

He was the first to conceive an effective method of utilizing alternating current, and in 1888 patented the induction motor, which converted electrical energy into mechanical energy more effectively and economically than by direct current. Among his other principal inventions were arc lighting and the Tesla coil.

As a young engineer, Mr. Tesla was hired in 1887 by George Westinghouse to develop the alternating current induction motor. He conducted these experiments in Pittsburgh, then left the organization three years later.

Working independently, he continued his experiments with high potential, high frequency alternating currents, and is noted for his invention of the polyphase alternating current motor.

He once said:

The radio. I know I’m its father, but I don’t like it. I just don’t like it. It’s a nuisance. I never listen to it. The radio is a distraction and keeps you from concentrating. There are too many distractions in this life for quality of thought, and it is quality of thought, not quantity, that counts.

Evidently, he did a lot of thinking that never materialized. It was his custom on his birthday – July 10 – to announce to reporters the shape of things to come.

On his 76th birthday, he announced:

The transmission of energy to another plant is only a matter of engineering. I have solved the problem so well I don’t regard it as doubtful.

On another birthday, he predicted that power would soon be projected without wires through the stratosphere.

When he was 78, he announced he had perfected a “death beam” that would bring down a fleet of 10,000 enemy planes 250 miles from a nation’s borders and make millions of soldiers drop dead in their tracks. His beam, he said, would make war impossible.

Born in Croatia

Tesla was born in Smiljan, Croatia, when it was part of the old Austro-Hungarian Empire. His first electrical invention was the telephone repeater, which he perfected in 1881 while working for the Austrian government.

Three years later, he came to the United States, became a citizen and an associate of the late Thomas A. Edison. Later, he established the Tesla Laboratory in New York and devoted himself to research.

He had lived at the hotel where he died for years, and amused himself by feeding pigeons in the nearest park. Several years ago, he hired a boy to take five pounds of corn twice a day and feed it to the pigeons. He said he had found it “more convenient” to use the boy.


Smith renews drive to ban closed shops

Roosevelt address cited as argument against union ‘monopoly’
By Fred W. Perkins, Press Washington correspondent

Stassen proposes world federation to keep peace

Global government planned to rule Axis countries through United Nations parliament based on literacy and backed by adequate armed force

GOP gains added power on committees of House

Republicans, through coalition with Southern Democrats, may control several of most important groups; interparty test of strength averted

Post-war plan of Roosevelt may face fight

Speech heads Congress for marathon debate on U.S. role

U.S. and Allies cheer address by Roosevelt

War strength revelations hailed! Axis attempts usual distortions
By the United Press

President Roosevelt’s State of the Union address to Congress was received with almost unanimous approval in the United States, with jubilation by our allies, because of its revelations of mounting American war strength, and with misinterpretations and distortions in the countries of our enemies.

The United States

New York Times:

The message left no doubt that complete victory, complete disarmament of the Axis powers and maintenance of the United Nations’ front to prevent any attempt at aggression is the central aim of the administration.

New York Daily News:

The gist of the 1943 message was that the Union is in as good a state as could he hoped for, all things considered.

Baltimore Sun:

With his assurance that victory in the war is our first goal and that victory in the peace is sound, President Roosevelt stated the case as his countrymen in general must wish it stated.

Cleveland Plain Dealer:

The conciliatory attitude which the President displayed toward Congress should help to promote national unity…

Kansas City Star:

It was a masterful statement of America’s position in the war and of the entire United Nations cause.

Tulsa World:

We believe the President passed over too lightly the growing dissatisfaction with the bureaucratic element in the federal government which is a creature of the New Deal.

The Scripps-Howard newspapers:

His message, in content factual, held to the achievements and broad purposes that unite us as a people.

House Minority Leader Joseph W. Martin (R-MA):

It is very encouraging to realize that we have passed from the defensive to the offensive.

Senator Robert A. Taft (R-OH):

It was conciliatory and that ought to add to unity and create no dissension.

Senate Minority Leader Charles McNary (R-OR):

It was an excellent review of our war production and efforts based on a faith in ultimate victory.

House Speaker Sam Rayburn (D-TX):

It was a splendid report.

Senator Burton K. Wheeler (D-MT):

It was a very clever political speech.

Senator Homer T. Bone (D-WA):

I particularly liked the President’s approach to the solution of post-war economic problems.

The Allied world

Great Britain: Mr. Roosevelt was heard at the dinner hour. Reporters watching the crowds saw and heard many gestures and expressions of approval. British newspapers were enthusiastic. The London Times thought the address:

…breathed a high sense of purpose without once losing his characteristic grasp upon realities.

The London Daily Herald remarked that Mr. Roosevelt’s statement that the United States could not remain an island in the post-war world was one of “great courage – in the face of an isolationist renaissance.” The newspapers were generally elated with the production figures Mr. Roosevelt revealed.

Latin-American allies: Mexico, Brazil and Cuba were lavish in their praise, particularly of Mr. Roosevelt’s vision of a lasting peace.

The friendly world

All South and Central American countries heard Mr. Roosevelt’s speech clearly by shortwave radio. A Spanish announcer interposed a running translation and later the entire text translated into Spanish was read over the national radios of most countries.

Comment ranged from the approving to the fervent.

The enemy world

The Axis radios, led by the German radio, began at once the task of misrepresenting, misinterpreting and generally tearing down Mr. Roosevelt’s speech for their domestic listeners and for the oppressed in occupied countries.

The speech was being broadcast again and again by the British radio, in English, French, German, Italian and ither languages, however, and the Axis propagandists had their work cut out for them.

The Nazi thesis: Mr. Roosevelt revealed an intention to concentrate mostly on air attacks, indicating that America had realized:

…after setbacks in North Africa and in the Pacific, that American naval or land actions have not the slightest chance of success.

The President appealed to American farmers, because they were causing him grave difficulties, and he made references to “criticism of existing corruption.”

The Italian thesis: His speech was one of “inflated, boastful hopes.” He “sees already the United States dominating the whole world.”

The newspaper Asahi of Tokyo found the President’s message without “facts or convincing arguments,” and said that:

It is ridiculous of the United States President to speak of disarming Japan, Italy and Germany at a time when he must admit serious military defeat.

More Buchmanites receive 1-A status

Catholics demand peace based on faith in God

Simms: Internal feuds abroad menace post-war unity

Yugoslav civil war called example of difficulties facing United Nations
By William Philip Simms, Scripps-Howard staff writer

Jap bites like trapped rat when soldier offers succor

Gen. Blamey gives highest praise to Allied troops in campaign against ‘things’ defending Buna
By Frank Hewlett, United Press staff writer

Marines lower Henderson flag to spoil target

Barney Ross revealed as leader in Christmas Carol sing
By Robert Miller, United Press staff writer

Allied invasion points hinted by Roosevelt

President indicates major aims; Axis may have to alter strategy

Germans man Italian U-boat

U.S. survivors in Indian Ocean recognize Nazis


Mrs. Caraway wins new bill marathon

Axis radio ‘identifies’ Darlan’s assassin

London, England (UP) –
Axis broadcasts tonight identified the assassin of Adm. Jean François Darlan as Bonnier de La Chapelle, a 20-year-old student follower of Gen. Charles de Gaulle, leader of the Fighting French.

After Berlin had set the propaganda pace, the Paris and Vichy radios fell in line on the purported identification, giving the first name as Bonnier instead of Berlin’s Dornier.

The later broadcasts credited the information to reports from Tangier:

…emanating from quarters in contact with the British Secret Service.

Darlan, High Commissioner of French Africa, was shot to death in Algiers on Christmas Eve. His assassin, never identified in official reports, was executed two days later.

The name of Chapelle, among others, has been mentioned frequently in unofficial circles speculating on the identity of the assassin. Nazi broadcast of the name drew no comment from officials here.

There was no evidence to link the assassin with Bonnier de la Chapelle, a cousin by marriage of the French author, Drieu La Rochelle.