Indonesia was a colony of the Netherlands named the Dutch East Indies. Until 1942 the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army (KNIL - Koninklijk Nederlandsch-Indisch Leger) was the mayor force on the archipelago. At the end of 1941 the Japanese launched the Dutch East Indies Campaign. In March 1942 the KNIL surrendered. The Japanese ruled Indonesia until August 1945.
First greeted the Japanese as liberators from Dutch colonial rule. Soon it turned out the Japanese were new oppressors. Millions of Indonesians were put into forced labour (so-called romushas) where many of them died from exhaustian, malnutrition, sickness and mistreatment.
Children from mixed marriages were sometimes put into internment camps and sometimes allowed to live outside the camps (so-called buitenkampers). It depended mostly on how European they looked.
Were dispatched to work on exhausting building projects like the Sumatra and Birma railway. Many did not survive.
Were put into Japanese internment camps (so-called Jappenkampen). Their were camps for women/children and men. Many of these camps were ilocated n former Dutch resident areas or military facilities. Conditions varied but where mostly pretty bad. Some camps had sadistic Japanese officers and almost no access to food. Other camps had better conditions.
Below I will post photos of my travels through Indonesia during 2016 as well as reenactment photos of myself as a soldier of the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army.
On my channel I have several videos about Indonesia during WW II. Feel free to check them out!