What happened in the French colonies/mandates after the fall of France?

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Well, in French Guiana, the government immediately announced support for Petain. The governor, Robert Paul Chot-Plassot, became a quasi-dictator of Guiana and frequently employed the use of death squads to suppress opposition. I don’t know why this isn’t mentioned much in the History books, but there are people still alive who remember them. The subsequent governor, Rene Veber, was similar. However, in 1943, a pro-De Gaulle revolt finally gained enough strength to take over.

I suspect Getuilio Vargas, the head of Brazil, had provided the necessary assistance the Free-French needed to take Guiana. Vargas was constantly afraid of the Nazis blockading his country and using Nazi-loyalists in Brazil to force him to capitulate.