What efforts were made by both the Allies and Axis powers to protect objects of cultural and historical significance?

I know about some significant objects like the British Crown Jewels were moved out of London and that there is a plaque on the Ponte Vecchio honouring the Nazi official who saved the bridge from destruction when the allies were advancing towards the city. But I don’t know much about other significant sites and objects or much about ones which were destroyed during the war. Can anyone illuminate me about how other objects were protected during WW2?

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