United Nations Declaration

A joint declaration by the United States, the United Kingdom, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, China, Australia, Belgium, Canada, Costa Rica, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, India, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Poland, South Africa, Yugoslavia, Mexico

The Governments signatory hereto,

Having subscribed to a common program of purposes and principles embodied in the Joint Declaration of the President of the United States of America and the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland dated August 14, 1941, known as the Atlantic Charter.

Being convinced that complete victory over their enemies is essential to defend life, liberty, independence and religious freedom, and to preserve human rights and justice in their own lands as well as in other lands, and that they are now engaged in a common struggle against savage and brutal forces seeking to subjugate the world, DECLARE:

  1. Each Government pledges itself to employ its full resources, military or economic, against those members of the Tripartite Pact :and its adherents with which such government is at war.

  2. Each Government pledges itself to cooperate with the Governments signatory hereto and not to make a separate armistice or peace with the enemies.

The foregoing declaration may be adhered to by other nations which are, or which may be, rendering material assistance and contributions in the struggle for victory over Hitlerism.

Done at Washington
January 1, 1942

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FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT
On behalf of the United States of America

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WINSTON CHURCHILL
On behalf of the United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland

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MAXIM LITVINOV
On behalf of the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

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T. V. SOONG
On behalf of the National Government of the Republic of China

January 2, 1942

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R. G. CASEY
On behalf of the Commonwealth of Australia

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V. S. HURBAN
On behalf of the Czechoslovak Republic

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CTE. E. v. STRATEN
On behalf of the Kingdom of Belgium

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AURELIO F. CONCHESO
On behalf of the Republic of Cuba

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LUIS FERNÁNDEZ
On behalf of the Republic of Costa Rica

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J. M. TRONCOSO
On behalf of the Dominican Republic

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FERNAND DENNIS
On behalf of the Republic of Haiti

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JULIÁN R. CÁCERES
On behalf of the Republic of Honduras

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LEON DE BAYLE
On behalf of the Republic of Nicaragua

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ENRIQUE LOPEZ-HERRATE
On behalf of the Republic of Guatemala

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C. A. ALFARO
On behalf of the Republic of El Salvador

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GIRIJA SHANKAR BAJPAI
On behalf of India

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FRANK LANGSTONE
On behalf of the Govt. of the Dominion of New Zealand

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CIMON P. DIAMANTOPOULOS
On behalf of the Kingdom of Greece

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HUGUES LE GALLAIS
On behalf of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg

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W. v. MUNTHE AF MORGENSTIERNE
On behalf of the Kingdom of Norway

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CONSTANTIN A. FOTITCH
On behalf of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia

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JAN CIECHANOWSKI
On behalf of the Republic of Poland

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A. LOUDON
On behalf of the Kingdom of the Netherlands

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JAÉN GUARDIA
On behalf of the Republic of Panama

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RALPH W. CLOSE
On behalf of the Union of South Africa

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LEIGHTON McCARTHY
On behalf of Canada

Click here to see the updates and media reaction in my “America at war!” series

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June 5, 1942

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EZEQUIEL PADILLA
On behalf of the United Mexican States