I have found this video of Jews in mandatory Palestine building trenches and fortifications from July 1940. In that specific time period, what were they preparing for?


#1

This is the video in question: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TlHET090Ryg
The archive dates this specific video to the 22nd of July 1940, and in the archive it is tagged under “civilian defense” (in Hebrew).


#2

Definitely attacks from the Germans or Italians. I believe it depicts Haganah, a group that would later become Irgun.