America at war! (1941–) – Part 5

Nazi offer timed to upset Allies

By Paul Ghali

Truman defenses OPA, warns of shortages

Sugar rations cut one-third

Truman warns of ‘great job’ AFTER V-E Day

New Superfortress will honor Pyle

NEW YORK (SHS) – William Pyle, father of the late Ernie Pyle, will christen a new Boeing Superfortress at Wichita, Kansas, this afternoon, naming it the Ernie Pyle. In the ceremony he will swing a bottle of water from the old family well in Indiana.

The bomber was purchased through sale among Boeing employees of $600,000 in Seventh War Loan bonds. It is being dedicated to Ernie’s memory at the request of the employees.

Mr. Pyle was accompanied by his Dana, Indiana, pastor, Rev. H. L. McBride.

Classroom to the left

By Florence Fisher Parry

Pose as a drunk fails –
Last hours of Mussolini described by witnesses

‘We have come to liberate you,’ Patriots tell Duce – and execution follows
By James E. Roper, United Press staff writer

GIULINO DI MEZZEGRA, Italy – Mussolini and his young mistress spent the last 14 hours of their lives together locked in a room of a mountainside villa here, overlooking Lake Como.

The details of how Mussolini and Clara Petacci died side by side were told to me by Partisan eyewitnesses of their execution.

After their “People’s Tribunal” trial, the couple was brought to this tiny hamlet of 150 and put in a room in the mountainside house. That was at 2 a.m. Saturday.

Mussolini depressed

There they remained until 4 p.m., disturbed only by the serving of meals.

When a guard entered the room Saturday afternoon, Mussolini was fully dressed and wearing hat. Clara was in bed, wearing a silk slip.

“You must go away now,” the guard told them.

Clara began to dress slowly. The guards told her to hurry. Mussolini seemed very depressed.

The guards drove the couple 500 yards in an auto, then made them walk another 500 yards.

‘Come to liberate you’

“We have come to liberate you,” one guard told Mussolini.

Il Duce seemed to believe it, and for the first time he smiled.

The small group walked down the narrow “24th of May” Street, which has a stone wall on either side. They stopped in front of No. 14, from where Mussolini could see the snow-tipped Swiss Alps to which he had tried to flee. The couple stood with their backs to a stone wall.

Then a Partisan proclaimed: “By order of the General Command of Comrades of Volunteers, I am charged with rendering justice for the Italian people.”

Clara grows hysterical

Clara threw herself across Mussolini’s chest as a shield and cried hysterically, “You shouldn’t kill him.”

“Then we’ll kill you first,” the Partisan said.

The couple was pulled apart and one Partisan – according to villagers, he was a Milan man – fired several pistol shots into Mussolini’s chest and several more into Clara’s chest.

Mussolini squirmed on the ground, so they fired a shot through his head.

“Mussolini didn’t die immediately probably because he twisted just as the shots were fired, making the bullets miss his vital organs,” said a witness.

Rain falls on bodies

The bodies were left there for several hours until it began to rain.

The rain washed away the bloodspots and now the historic spot is marked only by a silvery splotch on the black, iron grill which runs along the stone fence. That splotch is where a bullet, which passed through Mussolini’s or Clara’s body, smacked into the grill.

The Partisans told me that Mussolini was first spotted at a roadblock at the town of Musso, just south of Dongo on Lake Como. He was lying under a blanket in the back of a truck in a German convoy of 32 vehicles. He wore the overcoat of a non-commissioned Luftwaffe officer and a pair of dark glasses.

Posed as drunk

Partisan Negri Giuseppe lifted the blanket and looked down at Mussolini. A German soldier said, “That’s just a drunk.” But the ruse failed.

Mussolini was taken from the truck, and after some negotiations, the Germans were permitted to continue toward Switzerland, minus an armored car which was part of the convoy.

When the convoy was first stopped, the Germans had moved the armored car to the rear of the column, under pretext of towing a truck. The Partisans thought Mussolini first was in the armored car and that he used that opportunity to slip into the truck and hide under the blanket.

He was taken at 6:50 a.m. last Friday.

Duce’s nemesis says –
‘One jackal gone to pitiful end’

Violinist Spalding reveals spy work

WASHINGTON (UP) – Violinist Albert Spalding, revealed today as the Allies’ contact man with the Italian Partisans, said he was glad the Partisans killed Mussolini.

“There’s one jackal that is gone,” the Chicago-born musician commented. “A pitiful end to a miserable career.”

Mr. Spalding returned here several months ago after directing Partisan activities in Italy as spokesman for the Allied High Command.

Until now, however, he refrained from revealing his work which the Office of War Information hails as a propaganda job “unbeaten by any individual in any theater.”

Mr. Spalding missed the incident in which the Partisans shot Mussolini and symbolized an end to Italian tyranny, but he was not surprised it happened.

“I’ve heard them say they’d like that opportunity many, many times,” he said.

Bases hope on Partisans

Mr. Spalding bases his hope for a democratic Italy on the Partisans, whom he considers “the true emblem of a nationalist movement and the real symbol of unity for the Italian people.”

“They come from the homes of the humble instead of the seats of the mighty,” Mr. Spalding said.

He predicted that they would seek political expression in an effort not to return to the rule that suffocated them.

“I look to them for the rejuvenation of Italy,” he said.

Garibaldi recalled

If some wear red shirts, he added, they are not flaunting an allegiance to Communism, but are harking back to the era of Italy’s own short-lived republic of 1849 – and Garibaldi.

They’ve worked heroically at breaking enemy communications, removing and replanting enemy mines and piloting Allied forces through mined territory, Mr. Spalding said.

Mr. Spalding left his violin at home while he was on his eight-month mission in Italy.

“You know, music is a pretty absorbing job,” he explained.

Tax evasion inquiry uncovers 2,500 leads

In Washington –
Senate death predicted for nurse draft

Opposition warning keeps it pickled

Senate snags ‘secrets’ bill

By Douglas Smith, Scripps-Howard staff writer

On Okinawa –
Naha outpost under fire of U.S. tanks

Americans within 2 miles of capital

Tortured, starved and insane –
Nazi camp’s walking dead comprised mostly of women

Three pits filled with 5,000 bodies each – raging typhus still killing 700 a day
By Henry J. Taylor, Scripps-Howard staff writer

250 massacred by Nazi sadists

Political prisoners are mowed down

Reds really toss a party with dancers, food, drink

By John McDermott, United Press staff writer

U.S., Britain firm on ‘free’ Austria

2,628,529 Nazis seized since D-Day

1,500,000 captured in past seven weeks

Congressmen to visit more horror camps

PARIS, France (UP) – A U.S. Congressional group has returned to Germany to visit more concentration camps, among which probably will be the newly-liberated “extermination” camp at Dachau.

“We are anxious to get complete information by visiting camps immediately after liberation instead of several weeks later as at Buchenwald,” Sen. Alben Barkley (D-Kentucky) said before leaving yesterday.

Eighth Army joins with Tito’s forces

Allied pincers peril Brenner Pass

Fascist army surrenders

ROME, Italy (UP) – The German-controlled Italian Ligurian Army surrendered unconditionally to the Allies today.

The Fascist Ligurian Army had been fighting alongside the Germans in Northern Italy under command of Marshal Graziani, who was taken prisoner by the Partisans and turned over to the Allies.

Graziani signed the unconditional surrender proclamation ordering his troops to lay down their arms.

Ban on Germans urged

WASHINGTON – Rep. John L. McMillan (D-South Carolina) yesterday introduced a bill to forbid any German citizen from becoming a naturalized citizen of the United States for 25 years after the close of the European War.

‘Will and wits’ win battle in Nazi prison

Freed 110,000 still maintain discipline

Reporter laughs at Nazi threats

Bleak world food picture means leaner fare in U.S.

Americans told bluntly of new battle against hunger – starvation faces Europe

Jap envoy is grim –
Moscow observers happy May Day

Battle of Burma nearing its close

Editorial: The Yank way is better