America at war! (1941–) – Part 4

Over 80 injured in train wreck

‘Strong voice’ told him to kill wife, slayer says

Ex-dancer dared him because of broken fidelity pact, Canadian testifies

WAC groups still gripe; each faction blames other

About the only thing certain is that lady soldiers at Fort Belvoir are up in arms

New walkout closes 5th district mine

Daily output loss reaches 17,500 tons


Pearl Harbor report made by Army board

Result may be kept secret forever

Washington (UP) –
Evidence on the facts surrounding the Pearl Harbor disaster was in today, but its classification by Army and Navy investigating boards as “top secret” and “secret” made it doubtful when, if ever, the information would be revealed to the public.

The Army phase of the inquiry was completed yesterday when a special board submitted its report – a 5,000-page document containing testimony taken in the last three months – to Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson who has referred it to Maj. Gen. Leroy Cramer, the Army’s Judge Advocate General.

Stimson to review data

Mr. Stimson will also review the report. Subsequently, appropriate military authorities will review the need for the secrecy classifications made by the board.

A similar report, based on a separate inquiry conducted by a Navy board, was submitted to Secretary of the Navy James V. Forrestal last Friday.

The Navy board also classified its report as “secret” and “top secret,” and Mr. Forrestal referred it to Adm. Ernest J. King, commander-in-chief of the Fleet, and RAdm. Thomas L. Gatch, Navy Judge Advocate General.

Back to Forrestal

Adm. King will determine which portion of the Navy report, if any, can be made public without violating military security. After Adm. Gatch has reviewed it from a legal standpoint, it will be returned to Mr. Forrestal, who will determine what action to take on the basis of opinions by Adm. King and Adm. Gatch.

It was believed that the task of review would not be completed until well after Election Day. Republicans in and out of Congress have been clamoring that the facts be disclosed before Election Day.

Yanks menace supply line of Nazis in Italy

Drive within five miles of road to Bologna

Talk about stern treatment of Reich angers doughboys

By Robert W. Richards, United Press staff writer

Direct blow against Japan is forecast

Allies may bypass Chinese mainland

Two U.S. subs lost in action

Germans face record raids this winter

Nazis to pay high price for holdout

German internees rule own camp

Democratic regime set up under AMG

Gen. Patch buries son in France


Welles ‘improved’

New York –
Actor Orson Welles was reported “considerably improved” today by Jack Lighter, his manager. Welles has been confined to his hotel suite with a severe throat infection.

France asks full share in plan for Reich

Cite vital interest in Germany’s role

Simms: Recognition to aid unity inside France

Allied Big Four may become Big Five
By William Philip Simms, Scripps-Howard foreign editor


A ‘rebel’ Congress would hurt –
‘Chairmanship troubles’ loom for next President

Roosevelt has already warned of handicap; ‘seniority’ policies again reviewed
By Lyle C. Wilson, United Press staff writer

Washington –
From a sideline point of view, it looks today as though the winner of next month’s presidential election maty have chairmanship trouble in the ensuing four years regardless of his identity. Presidents usually do.

President Roosevelt raised the question by warning the nation in his weekend foreign affairs broadcast that a GOP victory would make the isolationist Senator Hiram W. Johnson (R-CA), chairman of the Senate Foreign Affairs Committee.

The isolationist Senator Gerald P. Nye (R-ND) would take over leadership of the Senate Appropriations Committee. And the isolationist Rep. Hamilton Fish Jr. (R-NY) would become chairman of the House Rules Committee, one of the most powerful bodies on Capitol Hill.

Martin assailed

Mr. Roosevelt made a point of the probability that Rep. Joseph W. Martin Jr. (R-MA) would be Speaker of the House if the Republicans get a Congressional majority, and he assailed Martin’s voting record.

The President, however, probably would concede quickly that he would have chairmanship trouble himself if he were reelected. He unquestionably regards the Senate Foreign Relations Committee as safely led by Chairman Tom Connally (D-TX) and there are other Congressional committee chiefs even more in tune with the Roosevelt administration.

‘Purge’ attempt recalled

But some of the major committee chairmen are anything but New Dealers and a few are open and constant in their opposition to the White House.

Mr. Roosevelt, himself, pointed in 1938 to some of those whose views he challenged. It was in that off-year Congressional campaign that Mr. Roosevelt personally undertook to prevent the renomination of Senators Walter F. George (D-GA), Ellison D. Smith (D-SC), and Millard F. Tydings (D-MD), and Rep. John J. O’Connor (D-NY).

Only O’Connor fell before Mr. Roosevelt’s 1938 attack.

Smith, Tydings and George came through easily and today are, respectively, chairman of the Senate Agriculture, Insular Affairs and Finance Committees. Smith’s tenure, however, is only until the new Congress meets in January. He was licked in the primary this year.

Others also listed

Those are three of a dozen major Senate committees. Of the others: Appropriations is headed by Senator Carter Glass (D-VA), who has been cool from the start to Roosevelt policies and whose newspaper in Lynchburg has not yet taken a stand for or against Mr. Roosevelt in the present campaign.

Banking and Currency is headed by a staunch New Dealer, Senator Robert F. Wagner (D-NY). But the Interstate Commerce Committee is headed by the bitterest anti-Roosevelt Democrat of them all – Senator Burton K. Wheeler (D-MT). Senator Pat McCarran (D-NV), is chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee and is often off the administration reservation.

Chairman Robert R. Reynolds (D-NC) is chairman of the Senate Military Affairs Committee but not for long. He is not a candidate for reelection. He has been a bitter critic of Roosevelt’s foreign and domestic policies.

Chairman David I. Walsh (D-MA) of the Naval Affairs Committee is of the conservative wing of the Democratic Party and gets his party line in Massachusetts rather than from the White House.

The Senate Rules Committee is not so powerful as its opposite number in the House. But for what it is worth, the chairman is Senator Harry F. Byrd (D-VA), who was against a fourth term before the Democratic National Convention and who has not yet said anything back home in favor of Mr. Roosevelt’s reelection.


Senator Ball: World future is vote issue

Invitation to visit Roosevelt revealed

Baltimore, Maryland (UP) –
Senator Joseph H. Ball (R-MN), who has announced his support of President Roosevelt because of the President’s foreign policy stand, said last night the American people will have perhaps their last chance on Nov. 7 to express their determination to prevent civilization’s destruction in a Third World War.

Speaking before the local chapter of the Foreign Policy Association, the 38-year-old liberal said the United States and the world are at the “crossroads of history” and that decisions of the Allies in the next few years will determine whether a world security organization can be established to prevent future wars.

U.S. support needed

He emphasized his “deep desire” to keep the question on a nonpartisan basis, but added that “it is a political issue because the convictions and attitudes on it of the President and the Congressmen and Senators elected this fall will determine whether or not the United States will join an effective world security organization.”

“Without the United States, such an organization cannot hope to succeed,” he said.

Talked to Roosevelt

In announcing his support for Mr. Roosevelt, Mr. Ball told a news conference yesterday that he spent an hour “discussing Dumbarton Oaks and other phases of foreign policy” with Mr. Roosevelt on Oct. 15. He said he went to the White House in response to an invitation sent through presidential adviser Harry Hopkins “as a result of my statements and speeches emphasizing the importance of the foreign policy issue in this election.”

Mr. Ball added:

Because of my great concern with the foreign policy issue, I would have been more than happy to have accepted a similar invitation from Governor Dewey or any of his advisers. I never received any.

Senator Ball predicted Mr. Roosevelt’s reelection. In response to a question, he said that if Governor Dewey should advocate in the next two weeks a stronger foreign policy satisfactory to him, it would be “a little late in the day” for him – Ball – to switch his support to Dewey.

He said he plans a 15-minute radio speech at 10:00 p.m. Thursday, under sponsorship of the Independent Republican Committee “giving my reasons for supporting Roosevelt.” He said he still considers himself a Republican /and expects to run for reelection in 1948 on that ticket.

Ball assailed by Governor Bricker

Cheyenne, Wyoming (UP) –
Ohio Governor John W. Bricker said yesterday that Senator Joseph H. Ball (R-MN) made a “grievous mistake” and rendered a “disservice to his party and to his country” in announcing that he would support President Roosevelt for a fourth term.

Advised of Mr. Ball’s announcement, the GOP vice-presidential nominee first said “you can never analyze what a man’s motives are.”

He said it was an American’s right to “vote for whom he pleases” in a national campaign, and pointed out that that was what the Republicans were fighting for in this campaign. But he added:

Mr. Ball has sought office in the Republican Party. He seconded the nomination of Tom Dewey in the Chicago convention. I think he has made a grievous mistake and that he has rendered a disservice not only to his party but to his country through injury to the two-party system.

Ball unlikely to be Willkie heir

Washington (UP) –
Senator Owen Brewster (R-ME) today ridiculed speculation that Senator Joseph H. Ball (R-MN), who repudiated his own party’s presidential candidate to back a fourth term, would fall heir to political followers of the late Wendell Willkie.

Mr. Brewster, vice chairman of the Senate Republican Congressional Campaign Committee, said in an interview that Mr. Willkie and Mr. Ball had been in disagreement on several issues, and that for several months prior to his death, Mr. Willkie was not on speaking terms with the Senator.

Mr. Brewster said:

It is impossible to believe that someone who was utterly persona non grata to another man could take on his mantle, and any implication to that effect is a strain on credulity.

Mr. Ball will further explain his decision to back Mr. Roosevelt on Thursday when he speaks for 15 minutes on the Blue Network at 10:00 p.m., under sponsorship of the Independent Republican Committee.


Union says drinking officers provoked ‘Statler battle’

Teamsters official journal prints affidavits to support its version of story

Indianapolis, Indiana (UP) –
The International Teamster, official organ of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters (AFL), charged today that two naval officers had been drunk and had provoked a fight with union members in the “Hotel Statler incident” which followed President Roosevelt’s address to the union Sept. 23.

Lt. Randolph Dickins Jr. charged that he and a companion identified as LtCdr. James H. Suddeth of Greer, South Carolina, had been beaten by Teamsters Union members at the Hotel Statler, Washington, following President Roosevelt’s Sept. 23 speech, because they refused to tell who they favored for President.

The magazine’s November issue, edited by International Teamster President Daniel J. Tobin, claimed that “those two young naval officers who have been raised up to high heaven by the newspapers as having been decorated for bravery, were according to all evidence, imbibing freely all evening and were hanging around the mezzanine floor at the entrance to the banquet hall, accosting everyone who came out and challenging them, using vile language and calling them names for supporting Roosevelt.”

Affidavits quoted

Among the affidavits printed by the magazine in support of its story was one from Peter J. Hoban, delegate from a Chicago local, which claimed that “they used grossly insulting language of a nature which is unprintable and addressed same to the President of the United States and to the Teamsters Union.”

An affidavit by Charles A. Burns of Boston related that he heard two naval officers “using profane language and cursing the President of the United States,” and that he saw “a lieutenant commander punching and kicking a man who was holding him and trying to quiet him down.”

Woman tells of affair

“To hell with the President – the President – he is no good,” was a statement attributed to the officers by John F. English, a Teamster delegate, and Mrs. Helen Rowland, declared that an officer “grabbed my arm, swung me around to face him.”

Her statement:

He asked me, “Who are you for?” I replied, “I’m for Roosevelt, the same as you.” He replied, “I’m not, he is no damn good.”

The magazine commented:

Only one of those young men had been overseas and the man who was overseas never was decorated for anything.


The truth about the Commies –
Fifth column trying to swing election for first time in history

Washington’s warning against foreign influence now more timely than ever
By William Henry Chamberlin, written for the Scripps-Howard Service

EDITOR’S NOTE: William Henry Chamberlin was assistant managing editor of The Philadelphia Press and, later, assistant book editor of The New York Tribune. From 1922 to 1934, he served as Moscow correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor and subsequently as its Far Eastern correspondent.

One of this country’s foremost authorities on the Soviet system and totalitarianism in general, Mr. Chamberlin wrote the outstanding history of the Russian Revolution. His book, Soviet Russia, published in 1930, was a sympathetic account of the Russian system; after the government-induced famine in Russia, he became highly critical of the Stalin regime and wrote Russia’s Iron Age and, more recently, Collectivism – A False Utopia.

Cambridge, Massachusetts –
“History and experience prove that foreign influence is one of the most baneful foes of republican government.” – George Washington, in his farewell address.

These words of the father of our country are especially worth remembering today. Because a foreign fifth column, for the first time in our history, is trying to swing a presidential election. The all-out Communist support for the fourth term admits of no other interpretation. There has never been anything like this before because no American party or group has been willing to serve as the obedient instrument of the policies of a foreign power.

The great and sinister significance of this development has been obscured for many Americans because there has been a good deal of confusion and misunderstanding about the true nature of the Communist threat to American institutions and the American way of life.

Roosevelt not a Communist

Only a crackpot or an ignoramus would assert that Mr. Roosevelt is personally a Communist or that the New Deal, with all its defects, could fairly be likened to the dictatorial regime in the Soviet Union.

There would be no need for concern about Communists if they were only a group of American citizens interested in promoting radical political and economic change. Under our Constitution they and any other group have a right to do this, so long as they employ legal and peaceful means.

What makes the Communists dangerous, what makes their intervention as the allies of one of the major parties in a close presidential race objectionable, is their unmistakable status as a Soviet fifth column in this country. No amount of glib sophistry can alter the factual evidence on this point.

Moscow’s policies followed

The Communists keep time by the Kremlin clock. They change their “party line” in precise rhythm with the shifts and exigencies of Stalin’s foreign policy. Before the Stalin-Hitler pact of August 1939, the American Communists were vehement advocates of militant American intervention to “stop Hitler.” Immediately after the conclusion of the pact they became extreme isolationists and did everything in their power to obstruct aid to the Allies and national defense preparations.

Then, after Russia was attacked by Hitler on June 22, 1941, not after America was attacked at Pearl Harbor, they were transformed again into all-out interventionists. Early this year, toeing the line with other Communist parties, in response to a signal from Moscow after the Tehran Conference, they abruptly repudiated all the basic political and economic ideas they had been preaching for the last quarter-century.

After posing as radical revolutionists, they professed overnight enthusiasm for “free enterprise” and the “two-party system.” Instead of putting up their führer, Earl Browder, as presidential candidate they became cheerleaders for the fourth term.

Browder gives himself away

Browder himself recently let the cat out of the bag in an indiscreet speech in New York. In contrast to his usual conventional claim that Communists are 100 percent Americans, without a trace of foreign affiliation, the Communist boss threatened this country with dire consequences if an outspoken anti-Communist, Thomas E. Dewey, should be elected. Browder’s precise words are worth quoting and filing for reference:

It [Dewey’s election] would be a message to our great ally, the Soviet Union, which is predominantly led by Communists, that America disapproves in principle of cooperation between the two countries, accepted it only as an unfortunate necessity of war and was determined to bring it to an end as soon as possible… it would be a call from America to France, Italy, Belgium, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Romania and Poland to break up their existing national unity formations, to drive out the Communists from their public life and to drive out all those who want to cooperate with the Communists.

Amazing implications

Consider the amazing implications of this extravagant statement. It attributes to the Soviet government a “love me, love my Communists” attitude which would make international relations on a basis of dignity and equality impossible. It suggests that opposition to Communism should be a permanent disqualification for an American President.

Browder threw off a rather transparent mask in this speech. He revealed himself not as an American citizen voting according to American considerations, but as a partner in a vast international movement that is a formidable instrument of Russian power politics. Should the American people accept this reasoning, “Clear everything with Sidney” would have to be enlarged and supplemented by “Clear everything with Browder” and “Clear everything with Stalin.”

The Communist record in electing avowed Communist candidates to public office has been such a fiasco as to be funny. But the Communist record in penetrating into the leadership of trade unions, in obtaining well-known names for “innocents’ organizations,” in pushing members and sympathizers into government departments and agencies, is not funny at all. It has been ominously successful.

Would suppress criticism

Communists have already been trying to exploit our wartime association with Russia in order to suppress in this country any objective discussion of Soviet foreign policies and internal conditions. They act on the assumption that America is already one of the Soviet Republics, where there can be no discussion of Stalin and his regime except in terms of worshipful praise.

This psychology has become sufficiently prevalent to cause the summary firing of Alexander Barmine, former Soviet diplomat, naturalized American citizen and employee of the Office of Strategic Services, immediately after he had published an expose of the new Communist tactics in the Readers’ Digest. One can imagine how the arrogance of the Communists and their behind-the-scenes influence in government agencies will swell if, after Nov. 7, they can preen themselves as having been the decisive element in a close election.

Skilled in infiltration

Nov. 7, the date of the election, is also the 27th anniversary of the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia. On the eve of that revolution, there were only about 200,000 Communists in Russia. By shrewd appraisal of mass moods, relentless discipline, ruthless crushing of all opposition they built up the most powerful totalitarian state in the world, a state with international tentacles. in the form of fifth-column Communist parties, in every large country.

One of the leading candidates in this election has attracted the cheers, the other the jeers of the Communists. It is for the voters to decide which is better qualified to carry out foreign and domestic policies inspired by purely American considerations, without benefit of foreign political influences and ideologies.


Vote fight is close in hard coal area; Luzerne is ‘pivotal’

Union seeks to swing miners for Dewey and GOP leaders are mildly hopeful
By Kermit McFarland, Pittsburgh Press staff writer

Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania –
The political prophets are beginning to think that the result of the presidential election may well hang on how the two candidates do in Pennsylvania and New York.

And the result in Pennsylvania will depend in part on how the vote goes in this county of Luzerne – the third most populous in the state and a county the politicians believe to be “pivotal.” That is, they see a chance for Luzerne to swing either way.

By rule of thumb, this and the other counties in the anthracite area are Roosevelt counties. But there is some evidence to show that the rule of thumb may be no good this time.

Miner vote important

The way the county goes, you get to feel after you have explored the possibilities with the leading political minds of the area, will depend a great deal on how much the Republicans can dent the miner vote, up to now pretty solid for Franklin D. Roosevelt.

The prospect is not appealing to the Dewey backers here. So far, there is no evidence to show that it has been dented appreciably.

But the officers of the United Mine Workers, at the instance of John L. Lewis, are pro-Dewey.

Most of them, to date, have contributed nothing to the Dewey campaign except hip service and the gesture of wearing a Dewey-Bricker button on their coat lapels.

GOP hopeful

A few have been trying actively to round up Dewey votes among the miners, apparently with not much success at this writing. But the Republicans have hopes that, just before the election, the union officials will turn on the heat.

They point out that the assignment of work in the mines is no longer under the control of the mine bosses. It is under the control of the union. And, they think, if the union officials will go to work in genuine style, they will be able to deflect a sufficient percentage of the mine vote to Governor Dewey to turn the Roosevelt majority here into a slight Dewey majority.

Perhaps they are too wistful about it, but some of them, experienced political workers in the coal patches, believe they can achieve that “dent.” They don’t hope for much more.

Want Lewis to act

Whether or not the union officials will make a real effort to produce, they are not saying. Republicans hope John L. Lewis quietly will put out the word, that he will do this with no fanfare and that he will do it just before election, too late for countermoves to take effect.

The Republicans all seem to feel that their situation in the coal patches is not quite as bad, whatever the United Mine Workers officials eventually do, as it was four years ago.

What mild defections do exist among the miners are not due, it is apparent, to the influence of Mr. Lewis. They are due to other factors which have worked to the advantage of the Republicans among the older generations of “nationals” who have developed an opposition to the President because of shortcomings they think they see in his policies toward their ancestral lands. This is more apparent among the people of Italian extraction than any others.

Polish question is issue

So far, there is nothing to indicate any material opposition to Mr. Roosevelt among the Polish groups. The most the Republicans have accomplished, they themselves believe, has been to create some doubt in the minds of a segment of these groups.

They are directing an intensive campaign at the Polish sections. Among other things they are arguing that the President, in his Saturday night speech to the Foreign Policy Association, did not mention the Polish question.

Editorial quoted

An editorial in a Republican newspaper here summed up the Republican argument: “What is America’s foreign policy, if any, relative to the status of Poland?”


The emphasis for Roosevelt laid on the recognition his administration extended to the Soviet government in 1933 assumes added significance in view of his silence on the Polish question.

That is the Republican line with respect to the large and potent Polish groups.

Whether or not it will work, the Republicans don’t know. Up to now, it hasn’t done much good.

Perkins: CIO influences NLRB, claims AFL official

Board attacked on Telegraph Union vote
By Fred W. Perkins, Pittsburgh Press staff writer

Editorial: The Communist issue

Editorial: For French democracy

Editorial: He didn’t want a law