America at war! (1941–) – Part 4


Orson Welles suffers from throat infection

New York (UP) –
The condition of Orson Welles, actor who has been ill of a throat infection at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel since Friday, was described today as “still very serious.”

Jackson Leighter, his manager, said that while his temperature remained at 104, he was not considered in a critical condition. Welles was forced to cancel several political speeches, including one before a Roosevelt rally last night.

Welles is scheduled to speak at a Democratic rally Nov. 2 at Syria Mosque in Pittsburgh.


Roosevelt studied four-point program to enforce peace

Legislation to carry out administration plans faces almost certain fight in Congress

Washington (UP) –
The administration is studying a four-step program to carry out the ideas on a world peace organization outlined by President Roosevelt in his foreign policy address Saturday night.

Speaking before the Foreign Policy Association in New York, Mr. Roosevelt declared that the peace organization must be set up before hostilities cease and said the U.S. delegate must receive Congressional authority “in advance” to commit U.S. forces to check aggression.

Steps outlined

Administration officials were understood to be contemplating this four-point program:

  • Submission to the Senate of a treaty to make the United States a member of the new organization. This would require a two-thirds vote for ratification.

  • A separate agreement on the types and amounts of military forces to be held ready for use by the Security Council. This may be either in treaty form or as a resolution requiring simple majorities in both houses.

  • Legislation to set up the office of the American delegate and to outline his duties and authorities. To prevent this from being stymied by the two-thirds Senate rule, the measure probably will be in form of domestic legislation requiring simple majorities.

  • Various appropriation bills providing funds for the office of the delegate and for the American quota forces.

Fight almost certain

Despite the almost certain prospect of opposition from many Congressmen, Mr. Roosevelt said it was imperative that the Council of the organization projected at Dumbarton Oaks have power to act quickly to keep the peace.

He said:

I was clear that if the world organization is to have any reality at all, our representatives must be endowed in advance by the people themselves, by constitutional means through their representatives in the Congress with authority to act.


Dewey’s advisers are ‘smart’

But nominee makes up his own mind
By Charles T. Lucey, Scripps-Howard staff writer

Albany, New York –
A brain trust has come to be an accepted part of a presidential campaign, and Tom Dewey’s is rated an extremely able one.

The Republican candidate’s speeches are his own and when he steps up to deliver one, he is not peddling canned goods someone has slipped into his pocket just before he leaves for the auditorium. Yet his research and writing staff, burning the 3:00 a.m. oil in its headquarters on the 11th floor of the DeWitt Clinton Hotel here, has contributed largely to his bid for the Presidency.

Mostly, the men around Governor Dewey are ex-newspapermen about the candidate’s own age – Elliott Bell (now New York state finance director and ex-New York Times writer), Harold Keller (ex-New York American man who is a kind of managing editor on research and writing production) Merlin Pitzele (labor editor of Business Week on leave), Hickman Powell (ex-New York Herald-Tribune) and a number of others.

Act quickly

Unlike Wendell Willkie, who carried a large speech-writing staff with him, Governor Dewey leaves most of his at home in Albany save for Elliott Bell. When Mr. Roosevelt delivered his Teamsters speech, the Albany staff didn’t wait to hear from the candidate, who was headed for Oklahoma City.

Instead, it pulled FDR’s speech apart in a conference that began the minute the broadcast was over, and when it had decided that sharp and immediate reply was called for, it said so in a lengthy telegram to Mr. Dewey aboard his train, including salient points on which it believed an effective answer could be pledged.

Had ‘spare’ speeches

When Governor Dewey headed for the West Coast in his opening campaign swing, he carried with him two or three “spare” speeches which could be substituted for other addresses along the way if circumstances suggested.

When he started work on his Oklahoma City speech, he had these to draw on for parts of his reply to Mr. Roosevelt, plus a generous sheaf of well-documented memoranda on many subjects on which he and his staff had worked.

If he couldn’t at once put his hands on what he wanted, he could call his Albany staff for it.

Blunt language

Home at Albany between speeches, Mr. Dewey may summon his research and writing men to the executive mansion at 11:00 p.m. and spend hours pulling apart a campaign proposition with them. In these sessions there are no punches pulled.

The language is as blunt as you’d get in a session of a half-dozen men anywhere; the Governor accepts some of the thinking and rejects more of it.

No one pattern is followed all the time in preparing speeches. Often there’s a “story” conference in which a decision is made as to subject, and various phases of it may be parceled out to several writers.

Or there may be a session at which a nearly-completed speech is being discussed, and Mr. Dewey himself makes revisions and interlineations as the talk on each point goes back and forth.


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Simms: World bases held vital to U.S. future

Election candidates should air views
By William Philip Simms, Scripps-Howard foreign editor

Washington –
Now that President Roosevelt and Governor Dewey have both spoken vigorously in support of American cooperation in post-war security, it is remarked that neither has yet mentioned the subject of bases without which America’s role might be fatally handicapped.

The administration’s attitude thus far has been that territorial and related matters should be pigeonholed until the end of the war. And, generally speaking, this stand has received wide support.

However, the other members of the Big Three are following no such policy. Russia, and to a certain extent Britain, already know what they want, and intend to get, out of this war. Of the great powers, apparently only America will go to the peace table, hat in hand, wondering what will be dropped into it.

Action is vital

Both candidates agree that quick action is vital to peace, if the world is again threatened by an aggressor. And rightly, it is remarked the President Saturday night likened policing the world to policing a town.

He said:

A policeman would not be a very effective policeman it, when he saw a felon break into a house, he had to go to the Town Hall and call a town meeting to issue a warrant before the felon could be arrested.

But it is observed, there is a corollary to the presidential metaphor. It is that a policeman would not be a very effective policeman if he had to make his headquarters, say in New York, and somebody telegraphed him that a felon was breaking into a house in New Orleans.

Bases needed

To preserve order in a large area, the authorities are careful to have adequate police stations located at strategic places throughout the town.

Russia, which owns approximately a sixth of the habitable globe and which, at the end of this war, will be the world’s greatest land power, is not waiting to strengthen her defenses. Already she has staked out claims in Eastern Europe and elsewhere, and Britain, if not America, has okayed them, at least in principle.

In return, there is reason to believe that Marshal Stalin and Prime Minister Churchill, at their recent meeting in Moscow, reached a degree of understanding with regard to Britain’s post-war sphere of influence. They are not holding back until the peace.

In line with the Atlantic Charter, of course, the United States is seeking “no aggrandizement, territorial or other.” But it does have one major stake, namely, an enduring peace. To get such a peace an overwhelming majority of the American people and both Houses of Congress favor, if necessary, the use of force – United States force. But this force will not be effective without adequate bases in the Atlantic and the Pacific and these we haven’t got.


‘Spend, waste’ hit by Bricker

GOP candidate assails New Deal

Cheyenne, Wyoming (UP) –
Ohio Governor John W. Bricker, assuring that there was a vital need for greater control over the spending of taxpayers’ money, today demanded extension and strengthening of the pre-audit functions of the General Accounting Office.

Arriving from Laramie, where he made his first rear-platform talk in Wyoming, the GOP vice-presidential nominee said that this reform could not be attained by “an administration drunk with power.” It could be done, he said, by Thomas E. Dewey as President and a Republican Congress.

New Deal assailed

Tracing the legislative reforms in public financing, Mr. Bricker accused the New Deal of “constantly” trying to “rob Congress of its control over government spending.”

He cited, as one example, the responsibility of the General Accounting Office to pre-audit expenditures “to make sure that money is spent as Congress intended.” This power, he explained, extended to the administrative agencies.

Mr. Bricker said:

This was too much for a New Deal… It has always been a policy [with the New Deal] of spend, waste, borrow and tax. And so, the New Deal attempted to abolish the independent pre-audit functions of the General Accounting Office… by transferring these functions to the Treasury Department, and hence subject to the President’s control.

In the Reorganization Act of 1939, Mr. Bricker pointed out, Congress “retained the independent pre-audit functions of the General Accounting Office intact.”

He said:

There is a vital need in Washington for greater control over the spending of taxpayers’ money. This will not be done by an administration drunk with power and bent upon making another Reichstag and rubberstamp out of our Congress.

From Cheyenne, Mr. Bricker will carry his campaign into Colorado with rear-platform talks at Greeley and Brighton. He delivers his main Colorado speech tonight in Denver.


Gracie Allen Reporting

By Gracie Allen

Hollywood, California –
It’s really a little early to worry about Christmas, because we’ve got the election to worry about first. Of course, even that isn’t as bad as the year we had two Thanksgivings, and nonpartisan voters got indigestion from eating both Republican and Democratic turkeys. But someone has alarmed our children by telling them the Office of Defense Transportation is going to ask Santa Claus: “Is this trip really necessary?”

And another branch of the government has warned housewives to use their ingenuity because the usual type of Christmas tree ornaments won’t be available this year. Well, I’ve used mine. I’ve found some wonderful ornaments for George to hang on our tree – a wristwatch, a necklace, a new pair of shoes, a fur coat…

Why, I won’t miss the tinsel and glass bulbs one hit.


Willkie adviser backs Roosevelt

New York (UP) –
Russell W. Davenport, personal adviser to the late Wendell Willkie during the latter’s 1940 campaign for President, said last night in a broadcast supporting the reelection of President Roosevelt that Mr. Willkie died while he was still pressing for clearer commitments on foreign policy from the two major political parties.

Asserting that Mr. Willkie had not accomplished his goal when he died, he added: “And no one in the world knows what his final position in this election would have been.”

Mr. Davenport, former managing editor of Fortune Magazine, said in the broadcast that he was “impressed” with the steps President Roosevelt had taken toward world peace since 1940.

He said he was “not satisfied with the pronouncements of either of the candidates in this election,” but that he felt that Republican candidate Thomas E. Dewey lacked the qualities of “foresight and determination in the cause of mutual action” for peace which had been displayed by President Roosevelt.

Associated Press appeals trust case


Dewey goes west for speeches

Minneapolis talk set for tomorrow

Aboard Dewey campaign train (UP) –
Governor Thomas E. Dewey headed westward today to make two major campaign speeches and a strong bid for the 52 electoral votes of Minnesota, Wisconsin and Illinois.

The Republican presidential candidate is scheduled to speak at Minneapolis tomorrow night, stop in Milwaukee for three hours Wednesday afternoon and speak again in Chicago that night.

Mr. Dewey’s address tomorrow night will be broadcast over KDKA and KQV at 10:30 p.m. EWT. Governor Dewey will also be heard over KQV at 12:30 p.m. Wednesday and over WJAS at 10:00 p.m. Wednesday.

Republican leaders generally believe that all the Midwestern states will go to the Dewey-Bricker ticket in November. But they are taking no chances on such doubtful areas as Minnesota, Wisconsin and Illinois – all of which President Roosevelt won four years ago.

May visit in Ohio

As the schedule stood upon departure from the New York State Capitol, Governor Dewey’s special train was due to return to Albany directly from Chicago, arriving Thursday afternoon.

In view of the fact that he has announced no other speaking engagements until Oct. 31 in Buffalo, however, it was considered possible that stops in Ohio and Michigan may yet be added to the present Midwestern tour.

In New York Nov. 4

If he doesn’t stop in those states this week, about the only free time remaining between now and Election Day would be between his Boston speech Nov. 1 and his Madison Square Garden appearance in New York on Nov. 4. Eastern leaders are hoping he will use that time to campaign in Connecticut and New Jersey.

President Roosevelt carried Ohio in 1940 by a margin of 146,000 votes and the late Wendell L. Willkie, the Republican nominee, won Michigan by a margin of 7,916.

Flynn replies to Dewey charge

$25,000 fee called ‘moderate’

New York (UP) –
Edward J. Flynn, former Democratic National Chairman, denied last night Governor Thomas E. Dewey’s charge that his law firm had received an exorbitant fee from the Railroad Brotherhoods for political reasons and charged Mr. Dewey with signing a previously-vetoed bill which gave “hundreds of thousands of dollars which rightfully belonged to the City of New York” to clients of John Foster Dulles, Mr. Dewey’s foreign relations advisor.

In a statement issued at Democratic National Headquarters, Mr. Flynn said the fee, referred to in Mr. Dewey’s Pittsburgh speech, paid his firm, Goldwater & Flynn, for representing the brotherhoods before the Railway Labor Panel in February 1943, was “extremely moderate,” that he had nothing to do with the brotherhoods’ strike vote and never had discussed the matter with President Roosevelt.

Mr. Flynn charged Mr. Dulles with having found the “back stairs” to the Governor’s office and asserted further that he and other corporation lawyers would find the back stairs to the White House if Mr. Dewey were elected.

The bill, which Mr. Flynn did not refer to by name, was said to have been vetoed by former Governor Herbert H. Lehman and signed over the protest of Mayor F. H. La Guardia.


Truman assails GOP ‘isolationists’

Names of nine Senators listed

Minneapolis, Minnesota (UP) –
Senator Harry S. Truman, Democratic vice-presidential candidate, calling on Governor Thomas E. Dewey to repudiate isolationist nominees, accused the Republicans today of adopting a “rule-or-ruin” policy on peace plans in an attempt to “blackjack” the voters into electing a President satisfactory to the isolationists.

Senator Truman told his audience at a luncheon attended by Minnesota Democratic chairmen and party leaders that “Mr. John Foster Dulles, the America Firster whom Mr. Dewey selected to represent him in foreign affairs, had the audacity to tell you that if you reelected the President, the Republican members of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee probably would not support a world peace program drawn up by him.”

He said:

But Mr. Dewey stopped there and went no further. Despite his admission that agreement was essential, he did nothing to discourage his isolationist supporters or to prevent the election to Congress of candidates who Mr. Dewey knows would thwart any attempt which he might make to support the President’s program, to which Mr. Dewey recently became converted.

Senator Truman said the Democratic Party acted in the primaries to “cleanse itself” of isolationists but that the Republicans had renominated them. he listed as isolationists these nine Republican Senators seeking reelection this year: Gerald P. Nye (R-ND), Robert A. Taft (R-OH), Charles Tobey (R-NH), Hiram Johnson (R-CA), James Davis (R-PA), John Danaher (R-CT), Clyde Reed (R-KS), Alexander Wiley (R-WI) and Eugene Millikin (R-CO).

U.S. bombers in two-way raid, Germans say

Attack from Britain, Italy indicated

Thrice-divorced dodge tries to block son’s marriage

Father wants to keep him ‘from making fool of himself’ but couple makes own plans

Mystery of ship is cleared up

War calms down on Aachen front

Buzz bombs disturb Western Front quiet
By William H. Stoneman

McNarney named Gen. Wilson’s aide

Puppet Jap laws revoked on Leyte by MacArthur

General issues proclamation celebrating return of members of Philippine government
By Richard W. Johnston, United Press staff writer


Beaver County believed safe for Roosevelt

But Lawrence may go for Dewey
By Robert Taylor, Pittsburgh Press staff writer

Beaver, Pennsylvania –
The presidential election in the Beaver Valley will be a contest between the Republican organization and the CIO Political Action Committee, backed by more than 60,000 United Steelworker members and aided by a Democratic organization of reduced strength.

The prospects are that Beaver County will Produce a majority for President Roosevelt, possibly as large as his 9,200 majority of 1940 and that Lawrence County will stay in the Republican column by a small majority.

In both counties, an active Republican organization will be batting to hold down the Roosevelt lead in industrial districts and increase the vote for Governor Thomas E. Dewey, and nothing is certain until the votes are counted.

CIO official on ticket

Principal feature of the campaign in the Beaver valley is that here a CIO official, active in the Political Action Committee, is himself a Democratic candidate, and that PAC and Democratic organizations merge closely.

Sam G. Neff, 31-year-old president of the United Steelworkers Local at Ellwood City and a representative on the Steelworkers Negotiating Committee, is the Democratic candidate for Congress against Rep. Louis E. Graham, veteran Republican, three-term Congressman and former U.S. Attorney for Western Pennsylvania.

The Steelworkers claim more than 40,000 members in Beaver County’s highly industrialized valley, 12,000 more in Lawrence County, where New Castle’s mills got back into production with the onset of the war, and another 6,000 in Butler County, which is part of the Congressional district.

Vote record cited

PAC members are circulating copies of Rep. Graham’s voting record in Congress – for the anti-strike bill, against Selective Service and Lend-Lease, among other votes – at factory gates to help Mr. Neff, along with records of Mr. Neff’s service as chairman of the local Steelworkers Grievance Committee.

Mr. Graham, however, weathered a Roosevelt victory in the district in 1940. Mr. Roosevelt carried the three counties by 3,163 because of his Beaver County lead: Mr. Graham carried the district by 2,360.

Interest in the election is as keen here as it is anywhere in Pennsylvania and the sharpest vote clash will come in Aliquippa, where Republicans, who once held control, are fighting to keep down the vote of the dominant Democrats, led by John Atkinson, president of the Steelworkers Local and also Democratic chairman for the Borough.

Democrats confident

Republicans won the last county election in Aliquippa, but Democrats, claiming united support and the major part of the borough’s Negro population, predict they will reverse the vote this time.

Beaver County’s registration totals 37,590 Republicans and 23,275 Democrats, but none of the elections of the past 10 years has fulfilled the promise of that registration majority of 14,315 for the Republicans.

GOP leads In Lawrence

Lawrence County now has 29,360 registered Republicans. only two Jess than in 1940, and 12,544 Democrats, 3,879 less than the total of four years ago. Since 1936, when it gave a majority of 6,536 to President Roosevelt, it has remained Republican, by margins ranging from a 547 majority for Willkie in 1940 to the 4,487-lead given Governor Martin two years ago.

Butler County, a factor in the Congressional fight, went Democratic only once, in 1934, and has consistently turned in Republican majorities of from 5,300 to 6,900 since.

Republicans believe the Beaver Valley will produce a vote that will put U.S. Senator James J. Davis ahead of the rest of the Republican ticket, because of Mr. Davis’ labor and fraternal order support, but Democrats contend his senatorial voting record on war issues will cut down his vote.


Editorial: It’s not as simple as that


Editorial: Government with minors

Editorial: But keep our powder dry

Background of news –
In the Philippines

By Bertram Benedict

Richard Bennett, former idol of matinee, dies at 72

Heart ailment proves fatal in Hollywood to father of famed actress

Foster: Naval officer on ‘vacation’

But it isn’t cinch his pals believe
By Ernest Foster, United Press staff writer