America at war! (1941–) – Part 4

Simms: Wilson’s advice

By William Philip Simms

Hell on a bit of earth –
Japs’ butchery revealed by Scot who survived occupation of Guam

Axis ‘allies’ treated roughly along with massacre of natives
By Henry C. Anderson

Stokes honored by capital press

Colleagues recognize fairness, reliability

Bing Crosby captures town in Germany – for a minute

Navy doesn’t favor wholesale release


Gracie Allen Reporting

By Gracie Allen

Hollywood, California –
It’s politics, that’s what it is. Here I’ve been waiting around for two months to get one single solitary plumber, and now I read there’s a whole army of plumbers, painters and plasterers cleaning up the buildings of Congress during the present recess.

Goodness, I know Governor Dewey has asked for a housecleaning in Washington, but I didn’t think the Democrats would pay any attention to him.

I understand the favorite pastime of the cleaning men is to sit in the empty chairs of Congress and pretend they’re Senators and Representatives. They even make up laws and “pass” them.

Hey, if we can keep Congress adjourned long enough, we may get some great laws.


Dewey buys last word time on Election Eve

Speaks immediately after President
By Si Steinhauser

No matter who wins, the election campaign will have a “rootin’,” “tootin’” whirlwind windup so far as radio is concerned. President Roosevelt’s Democratic National Committee has bought the hour from 10:00 to 11:00 p.m. ET on Election Eve, Monday, Nov. 6, “across the board,” which means all networks. And Governor Dewey’s Republican Committee has bought a quarter hour from 11:00 to 11:15 to permit the GOP standard-bearer to have the last word. Next day you’ll have the “final say.”

Sponsored programs kept off the air by political broadcasts have had no choice in the matter. Radio stations are licensed “for the interest, convenience and necessity” of the listening public and the networks simply take the position that talks by national candidates are of public interest and take the time from the sponsor. Star casts are paid by the National Committees although they do not work, and the Musicians Union has demanded that orchestras thus kept out of work be paid. The sponsor who is billed for his time is given a refund.

A new angle in network broadcasts is the five-minute tag-end broadcast by national figures. Three networks have cut five-minute periods off major commercials and sold them to political campaign committees. This is done only with the consent of and by permission of the sponsor.

Tonight’s Town Meeting will lose its last five minutes to Senator James E. Murray.

Warren Atherton, past national commander of the American Legion, will speak over WCAE – for Dewey – at 10:00 tonight.

At 10:15 on KQV, Quentin Reynolds, Senator Robert Wagner and Paulette Goddard will speak for Roosevelt on time bought by the International Garment Workers Union Campaign Committee.


Very important now –
Women get full partnership in this election

By Robert Taylor, Pittsburgh Press staff writer

Harrisburg, Pennsylvania –
This is the year the women voters come into a full partnership in the election campaign.

By the thousands they are doing the spade work of politics, getting voters registered, ringing doorbells to talk to voters, holding meetings to whip up organization enthusiasm and raising funds.

The Republican and Democratic organizations have had their women’s organizations and auxiliaries for years, but there was always the suspicion that, politics being a man’s game, the women had been relegated to politically powerless positions as a sort of sop to the feminine vote.

This year it’s different. The League of Women Voters estimates 60 percent of the voting will be done by women and the Republicans, Democrats and Political Action Committee campaign leaders accept this estimate, fully and thoughtfully.

The Republicans claim the largest total of women workers – 25,000 in Philadelphia and 100,000 in the state, through an amalgamation of the “professional” organization of women holding party offices and the “amateur” membership of the Pennsylvania Council of Republican Women, with its 330 local councils and 40,000 members.

Heads of this setup are Mrs. Edna Carroll of Philadelphia (State Republican Vice Chairman), Mrs. John Y. Huber of Montgomery County (president of the Council), and Mrs. Hannah Durham of Allentown (chairman of the Council’s statewide Political Activities Committee).

Not only do the Republican women have a PAC of their own – bitterly opposed to Sidney Hillman’s PAC – but they have a dollar campaign of their own, which started this week to raise $250,000.

And, they will point out, they are not imitating the CIO when they ask a dollar from each member, because they originated the dollar certificate drive years ago in Pennsylvania, and are simply repeating this year.

The Democratic organization foresaw the importance of the women’s vote this year and revised their State Committee organization to put Mrs. Ruth Grigg Horting of Lancaster (former State Legislator) in office as State Vice Chairman.

Democratic women active

Mrs. Horting, aided by the Pennsylvania Federation of Democratic Women (headed by Mrs. Myrtle H. Beard of Reading), has set up regional organizations in the state Democratic women aided in the drive to get voters registered, hold meetings in their homes to interest voters in the issues, help raise money for the campaign by pasting “Donkey labels” on marmalade jars, for collection of coins.

Both Republican and Democratic women have organized informal home parties to listen to major radio addresses and have pledged themselves to work at the polls.

The women’s activities program is particularly intense in Philadelphia, the state’s principal political background, where 15,000 to 35,000 women are doing volunteer political work. One of the most active campaigners is Susan B. Anthony II, grand niece and namesake of the late women’s suffrage campaigner. She is a Democrat.

New entrant in race

The new entrant in the women’s political race, the CIO-sponsored PAC, has an active women’s division which helps staff district organizations in Philadelphia, does much of the door-to-door canvassing involved in the PAC’s registration campaign, and takes prospective voters to the registration offices.

The PAC paid particular attention to women voters at the start, because CIO members, working mostly in war industries, haven’t as good an opportunity to talk with their neighbors about politics.

PAC women’s organizations will vary with localities, but in Philadelphia and some other sections they are at work holding house meetings. Thousands have pledged themselves to work at the polls and have been given lists of the voters for whom they will be responsible on Election Day.


Gerald Smith gets campaign gas

Cleveland, Ohio (UP) –
Gerald L. K. Smith, America First leader and the group’s presidential candidate today was granted 633 “extra gallons of gasoline” by the regional OPA office here “to campaign in Michigan.”

The regional OPA, in granting Smith the rations, said that “any political candidate is entitled to extra gasoline for campaigning,” thus overriding a denial of gas rations made by Smith’s local board in Detroit.

The “extra gas” will permit Smith to travel 10,000 miles, but the OPA pointed out that it can be used “only in Michigan” and “only for campaigning for the Presidency.”

Völkischer Beobachter (October 13, 1944)

Ein unvorhergesehenes Phänomen:
Die Härte der Westfront

Eisenhower und Marshall halten Kriegsrat in Paris

Deutsches Dorf von US-Truppen dem Erdboden gleichgemacht –
Jüdische Brandfackel an Deutschlands Grenze

Das Ringen um die alte Kaiserstadt

Das ist aus Paris geworden

Führer HQ (October 13, 1944)

Kommuniqué des Oberkommandos der Wehrmacht

Bei zunehmender feindlicher Fliegertätigkeit hielten unsere Truppen weiteren Angriffen der Kanadier aus ihrem Landekopf südöstlich Breskens stand. In Holland wurden von der Scheldemündung bis an die Maas örtliche Angriffe des Feindes abgewiesen. In der Schlacht um Aachen setzten die Amerikaner gestern vor allem starke Verbände ihrer Luftwaffe ein. In heftigen Luftkämpfen schossen unsere Jäger acht feindliche Flugzeuge ab. Panzer- und Infanterieangriffe am Ostrand der Stadt brachen unter hohen blutigen Verlusten für den Feind zusammen. Eigene Angriffsgruppen drückten sowohl nördlich wie nordöstlich Aachen den Gegner zurück.

Die Amerikaner und ihre französischen Hilfstruppen rannten beiderseits Remiremont wiederum gegen unsere Bergstellungen an. Nach heftigen Kämpfen konnten sie sich in den Besitz einer Höhe und einiger Waldstücke setzen.

Das „V1“- Feuer auf London hält an.

Nach den vergeblichen Durchbruchsversuchen auf breiter Front fasst der Gegner nunmehr in den etruskischen Bergen und an der adriatischen Küste seine Kräfte unter hohem Materialeinsatz noch stärker zusammen. Trotzdem wurde der angreifende Feind auch gestern überall abgewiesen. Nur in einem schmalen Abschnitt konnte er wenige hundert Meter Vordringen. An der ligurischen Küste führte der Gegner eine Reihe von vergeblichen Vorstößen.

Auf dem Balkan kam es zu Kämpfen mit bulgarischen Verbänden im Raum östlich und südöstlich Nisch. An der unteren Morawa sind südöstlich Belgrad Kämpfe mit den über den Fluss vorgegangenen sowjetischen Verbänden im Gange.

Auf dem Westufer der oberen Theiß warfen deutsche und ungarische Truppen die Sowjets an mehreren Stellen im Gegenangriff zurück. Im Raum von Debrecen und Großwardein hat sich die Schlacht zu noch größerer Heftigkeit gesteigert. 70 feindliche Panzer wurden dabei gestern vernichtet. Unsere Schlachtflieger zerstörten in diesem Raum zahlreiche Kolonnen der Bolschewisten.

In den Ostbeskiden nahm der Feind nach Zuführung neuer Kräfte seine Angriffe gegen die Passstraßen wieder auf, ohne Fortschritte zu machen.

Unter Einsatz frischer Divisionen rannten die Sowjets auch nördlich Warschau von neuem gegen unsere Stellungen an. Die Mehrzahl der Angriffe brach bereits im Artilleriefeuer zusammen; alle anderen wurden in Nahkämpfen zerschlagen.

Bei Rozan konnte der Feind infolge unserer zähen Abwehr nur unter hohen blutigen Verlusten geringen Geländegewinn erkämpfen. Im Gebiet der unteren Memel scheiterten die mit starken Infanterie- und Panzerkräften fortgesetzten Angriffe der Sowjets an dem hartnäckigen Widerstand unserer Truppen. Die Besatzung von Memel schoss bei den erfolgreichen Abwehrkämpfen am 11. Oktober 44 Panzer ab.

Südöstlich Libau, bei Riga und auf der Halbinsel Sworbe führten die Sowjets vergebliche Angriffe und verloren dabei 78 Panzer. Ein erneuter Landungsversuch auf Sworbe schlug fehl. Zahlreiche Landungsboote wurden vernichtet und mehrere hundert Gefangene eingebracht.

Sowjetische Flugzeuge griffen in der Ostsee zwei deutsche Lazarettschiffe an und beschädigten eines davon durch Bombentreffer.

In Mittelfinnland verlaufen unsere Bewegungen befehlsgemäß. An der Eismeerfront schlugen die auf den Brückenkopf Petsamo zurückgenommenen Truppen alle Angriffe des nachdrängenden Feindes ab.

Vor der nordnorwegischen Küste versenkten Sicherungsfahrzeuge eines deutschen Geleits zwei sowjetische Schnellboote.

Bei Tage griffen nordamerikanische und britische Terrorbomber Osnabrück, Bremen sowie Orte im Rheinland und in Westfalen an. Tiefflieger fügten durch Bombenabwurf und Bordwaffenbeschuß auf Ortschaften und Straßen in Süd- und Südwestdeutschland der Zivilbevölkerung Verluste zu. Britische Flugzeuge warfen in der vergangenen Nacht Bomben auf Hamburg. Die Anglo-Amerikaner verloren gestern 44 Flugzeuge, darunter 12 viermotorige Bomber.

In den zehntägigen harten Kämpfen im Wald von Parroy hat sich die durch andere Einheiten verstärkte 15. Panzergrenadierdivision unter Führung ihres Kommandeurs Generalleutnant Rodt durch besondere Standhaftigkeit und zähen Abwehrwillen bewährt und in schwierigem, unübersichtlichem Gelände dem Gegner hohe blutige Verluste beigebracht.

Bei den Kämpfen in Ostserbien hat sich das zweite Regiment der Panzergrenadierdivision „Brandenburg“ ausgezeichnet.

Supreme HQ Allied Expeditionary Force (October 13, 1944)


PRD, Communique Section

131100A October

(1) AGWAR (Pass to WND)

(5) AEAF
(16) CMHQ (Pass to RCAF & RCN)
(17) COM Z APO 871


Communiqué No. 188

Further reinforcements have been landed on the south shore of the Scheldt Estuary east of Breskens.

In the Sint-Lenaarts Canal bridgehead, the village of Biezen was cleared of the enemy. Heavy fighting continues in both areas.

Near Antwerp, and enemy counterattack was repulsed.

Fighters and fighter-bombers continued to support our ground forces in the Breskens area. Troops and strongpoints were hit. Fortified positions at Oostburg, Sluis and Schoondijke were again attacked by rocket-firing fighters. Heavy bombers struck at gun emplacements at Fort Frederik Hendrik. Batteries north of Knokke were bombed, without loss, by medium bombers.

Other fighters and fighter-bombers provided support for our troops near Arnhem and Nijmegen and attacked transportation targets in the Amersfoort and Apeldoorn areas and elsewhere in Holland.

On the east side of the Dutch salient, Allied troops have retaken Overloon. Medium and light bombers hit road junctions at Venray, south of Overloon.

In Germany, Aachen was dive-bombed and strafed yesterday by hundreds of fighter-bombers.

Other fighter-bombers attacked tanks east of Aachen. Enemy fighters came up to give battle over the city. Twelve were shot down and others damaged for the loss of four of our aircraft.

Northeast of Aachen, a heavy enemy counterattack, with infantry and tanks, has been launched in the Bardenberg area. Earlier, counterattacks from the east in the vicinity of Verlautenheide and Haaren were repulsed by our artillery.

Fighting is still in progress at Haaren and Würselen, where an enemy pocket has been cleaned up.

Air attacks were made during Wednesday night on our troops in the areas of Schaufenberg and Siersdorf, east of Alsdorf, and increased artillery fire has been encountered in the area southeast of Geilenkirchen.

Four miles east of Stolberg, our forces have advanced slightly against heavy enemy resistance.

Further south, in the Hürtgen sector, we reached Vossenack, but were pushed back slightly by a counterattack.

Striking at communications in the Aachen sector, medium and light bombers, with fighter escort, bombed a railway bridge across the Erft River at Grevenbroich and the towns of Aldenhoven and Langerwehe. At Ahrweiler also, a rail bridge was bombed.

South of Monschau, patrol activity continues and our troops are encountering sporadic artillery and mortar fire.

Down south, near Nancy, fighter-bombers, in advance our infantry, dropped fragmentation bombs in wooded country.

East of Lunéville, our patrols have advanced to the eastern edge of the Forêt de Parroy and the town of Parroy has been cleared of enemy. Local counterattacks have been met near Coincourt.

In the Épinal–Belfort sector, our troops have made substantial gains over rugged country in the bend of the Moselotte River, north of Le Thillot. Several villages have been taken. Heavy enemy counterattacks were repulsed in this area as well as in the vicinity of Le Thillot where our positions were improved.

Elsewhere in the Vosges foothills, activity was limited mostly to artillery exchanges and patrolling.

Strong forces of heavy bombers, with fighter escort, attacked an aircraft component factory at Bremen and other targets in northwest Germany. Other escorted heavy bombers struck at the synthetic oil plant at Wanne-Eickel. Medium and light bombers attacked also targets in Henningen.



“P” - Others

PRD, Communique Section

D. R. JORDAN, Lt Col FA Ext. 9


U.S. Navy Department (October 13, 1944)

CINCPAC Communiqué No. 150

Carrier aircraft of the Pacific Fleet fast carrier task force striking Formosa on October 11 (West Longitude Date) shot 124 enemy aircraft out of the air and did heavy damage to enemy shipping and shore defense works. Preliminary pilot reports and photographs show that 97 enemy aircraft were destroyed on the ground. Initial reports indicate the following damage to enemy shipping:


  • Large cargo ships: 2
  • Medium cargo ships: 2
  • Small cargo ships: 12


  • Large cargo ships: 2
  • Medium cargo ships: 7
  • Small cargo ships: 10

In addition to the foregoing, extensive damage was done to hangars, buildings, oil dumps, warehouses, docks and industrial establishments at Einansho, Okayama, Tamsui, Heito, Reigaryo and Taichu. Our losses were 22 aircraft. There was no damage to our surface ships.

CINCPAC Communiqué No. 151

During the late evening of October 11 and night of October 11‑12 following the first day of its attack on Formosa, small groups of enemy aircraft attacked one of our fast carrier task forces operating in the approaches to the Japanese positions in Formosa and the Ryukyus, and repeatedly attempted to torpedo or bomb the carriers or supporting ships in the force. Night fighters sent up by our carriers shot down three fighters in the early evening, and later eight enemy aircraft were sent down in flames by ships’ anti-aircraft fire.

During the day of October 12, Formosa and the Pescadores were again brought under attack by fast carrier task forces, and heavy damage was done to the enemy air force and its bases, to shipping, port facilities, and shore installations.

A preliminary resume of damage inflicted upon the Japanese in the two-day strike which began before dawn on October 11, shows the following totals:



  • 2 large cargo ships
  • 4 medium cargo ships
  • 9 small cargo ships
  • 12 coastal cargo ships


  • 1 large cargo ship
  • 3 medium cargo ships
  • 3 small cargo ships
  • 1 oil tanker
  • 5 coastal cargo ships
  • 1 minesweeper


  • 6 medium cargo ships
  • 15 small cargo ships
  • 1 large troop transport

In addition to the foregoing 37 small craft were sunk or damaged. We lost 45 planes in the two‑day attack. Reports are not yet available as to flight personnel rescued.

CINCPAC Communiqué No. 152

More complete reports of the strike made by carrier‑based aircraft of the U.S. Pacific Fleet on October 9 (West Longitude Date) against the Okinawa Islands in the Ryukyu Archipelago indicate that the following dam­age was inflicted upon the enemy (the following figures are a revision of those previously announced in USPACPOA Communiqué No. 146, and do not represent figures on the recent Luzon and Formosa strikes).


  • 1 destroyer escort
  • 4 small submarines
  • 14 cargo ships
  • 1 submarine tender
  • 1 oiler
  • 25 small ships
  • 41 barges and small craft


  • 10 small ships
  • 1 minesweeper
  • 9 small craft


  • 8 cargo ships
  • 1 medium landing ship
  • 1 light minelayer
  • 10 small ships
  • Numerous sampans, luggers and barges


  • 23 shot down in the air
  • 59 destroyed on the ground

AIRCRAFT DAMAGED: 37 damaged on the ground


  • 1 ammunition dump
  • 3 fuel dumps
  • 3 hangars
  • 2 lighthouses
  • 1 factory
  • Many barracks, buildings, warehouses, etc.

In addition on Yama Island in the Harbor of Naha on the Island of Okinawa and also the North shore of the Harbor of Naha were devastated by explosions and fire.

Our own losses were relatively light: 8 planes in combat, 5 pilots and 3 aircrewmen.

In the attack on Luzon Island on October 10, more complete reports indi­cate that numerous buildings were set afire in the region of Aparri, on the Northern Coast, and that 10 to 15 enemy aircraft were destroyed on the ground. There was no enemy airborne opposition.

Organized resistance in the Southern Palau Islands ceased on October 12, with mopping up operations continuing on Peleliu and Angaur Islands. Small pockets of enemy resistance on both of these islands have been further reduced by United States troops.

Corsair fighters of the 2nd Marine Aircraft Wing continued attacks against shipping and enemy installations on Babelthuap Island, sinking or damaging 11 barges in the Ngatpang River; and sinking or damaging 17 barges, 2 small boats and 8 motor launches off the west and east coasts of the Island. In addition, boathouses at Arumonogui Point and Gamilangel Bay were damaged and a locomotive near the villages of Ngardmau was strafed and bombed. One of the Corsair pilots was forced to bail out of his plane but wits rescued later.

Liberators of the 7th Air Force bombed enemy installations on Yap Island on October 12, encountering no anti-aircraft fire.

Truk was also bombed on the night of October 11, by another group of 7th Air Force Liberators.

Enemy‑held positions in the Marshall Islands were bombed on October 11.

The Pittsburgh Press (October 13, 1944)

63 ships hit in 2-day blow at Formosa

Attacks cost U.S. 45 aircraft
By Frank Tremaine, United Press staff writer

Aachen Nazis weakening as Yanks gain

Germans mass tanks for counter-push
By J. Edward Murray, United Press staff writer


PAC discovers dollars are hard to get

Heads report interest but little cash
By Robert Taylor, Pittsburgh Press staff writer

Harrisburg, Pennsylvania –
The Pennsylvania Citizens Political Action Committee has learned one of the primary lessons of politics: It’s hard to get campaign money, even from your own members and even at the modest rate of a dollar per head.

The pro-Roosevelt PAC several months ago divulged a simple plan to raise a war chest of $5 million in the nation and some $400,000 in Pennsylvania by tapping each CIO member for a dollar.

Today, however, PAC heads ruefully admitted that fundraising isn’t as easy as it sounds, and that something will have to be done to fill the coffers of the new campaign organization before Election Day.

Interest, but little cash

PAC chairmen representing the state’s principal counties verified the lack of cash in a meeting here yesterday, held to receive reports on the campaign to date.

One said collections were “difficult.” Another said union members are interested and active in the campaign, but not to the extent of giving a dollar. Others reported that, although some local unions contributed handsomely, in most places the “Buck for Roosevelt” plan wasn’t going well.

One delegate said perhaps their wives gave union members only a dollar a week out of the paycheck. Miss Connie Anderson, chairman of the women’s division of PAC, suggested that if the men paid more attention to the women, they might get two dollars a week.

Collections ‘look bad’

No collection totals were announced, but Joseph A. Donoghue, chairman of the PCPAC, told the meeting “the raising of funds looks bad.”

He warned:

Every effort will have to be made by the county committees to raise money. If we don’t have some money to spend on Election Day, the workers will feel they are being let down.

Mr. Donoghue added, however, that the PAC’s principal contribution to the campaign is the work of men and women, and not money.

He told the PAC chairmen he had discussed campaign plans with Sidney Hillman, national chairman of the PAC, and had been directed to coordinate all PAC campaign activity with that of the Democratic organization.

Results of the campaign to get voters registered, he said, had contributed to what is apparently a greater voter registration than that of 1940 – the all-time peak of vote registrations in Pennsylvania – and the PAC’s job now was in the last phase of getting out the vote.

He said:

We want to work with the Democratic organization, and fill in the weak spots where we’re needed. We can get watchers’ certificates only through the Democratic organization, and we want to coordinate our efforts and see that the polls are manned.

He suggested that every local or shop unit arrange with its employer for time off to vote on Election Day, preferably in the early morning, to help the morale of their own poll workers and clear the polls for the heavy vote later in the day.

Local union offices should be closed on Election Day, he advised, so their personnel can work on the election and – if finances permit – every available piece of sound equipment should be obtained for last-minute appeals to “get out and vote” in industrial sections.

Big vote favors Roosevelt

He said:

The national and state offices of the PAC will help in every way possible to assure the victory of liberalism over the reactionaries of the Republican Party. We know the wealthy backers of Dewey are praying for a small vote – the smaller, the more chance they have of occupying the White House.

All indications now are that Mr. Roosevelt will be reelected. Shrewd politicians predict that if 45 million vote, FDR will go in. But if only 40 million vote, the election will be close.

We don’t intend to let apathy or overconfidence lose the fight. We’ll take nothing for granted until every eligible voter casts his ballot – and then we’ll know that the forces of reaction have been defeated.


Roosevelt talks about making more speeches

Washington (UP) –
President Roosevelt told his news conference today that he is talking about plans for additional speeches beyond the Foreign Policy Association address he has scheduled for Oct. 21 in New York.

Asked whether he planned any speeches beyond the Oct. 21 date, the President said it depended on what the questioner meant by plans, but that he was talking about it.

He added that when the decision is made it probably will be announced locally or through the Democratic National Committee rather than in a White House news conference.

Actually, he said, he could not get frightfully interested in the matter.

President informed on Moscow talks

Washington (UP) –
President Roosevelt said today he was being kept abreast of the Moscow talks between Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin and Prime Minister Winston Churchill, but that it was silly to assume that Churchill was dealing with Stalin for both the United States and Britain.

Asked whether there was any prospect of his meeting with Stalin and Churchill this year, Mr. Roosevelt said he did not know. This, he added, was literally true.

He said dispatches on the current Moscow talks caused him to be late for his news conference this morning. It was nearly an hour late in starting.

The President said he had nothing to report on the progress of the talks.

Poll: Roosevelt leads in West, but Dewey is improving

President ahead in six, GOP candidate in four and one is evenly divided, survey shows
By George Gallup, Director, American Institute of Public Opinion