America at war! (1941–) – Part 4

Yanks destroy 11 Jap planes in China raids

Steamers, airfields, troops also strafed

In Metz fort –
Yanks, Nazis fire around corner

Weird battle of tunnels continues
By Collie Small, United Press staff writer

Yanks closing on main road in Po Valley

Three columns gain on Italian front
By Eleanor Packard, United Press staff writer

Patton’s army settles down to muddy job

But Yanks remain confident in France
By Robert W. Richards, United Press staff writer

Simms: Congress faces two issues in discussing security

By William Philip Simms, Scripps-Howard foreign editor

Gracie Allen Reporting

By Gracie Allen

Hollywood, California –
Have you seen the latest product of the cigarette shortage – the pipe-smoking girl?

It seems that college coeds started the fad when cigarettes first became scarce and now even the movie actresses here in Hollywood are taking up the pipe. Think what this could do to the movies!

Somehow, I just can’t picture Paul Henreid putting two pipes in his mouth, lighting them and giving one to Bette Davis, as he did with cigarettes in Now, Voyager.

And Ginger Rogers might not have had a career at all. You’ll remember Ginger made her hit as a seductive siren in Young Man of Manhattan with the tagline, “Cigarette me, big boy.” How seductive could she have been, saying, “Corncob pipe me, big boy.”


Marion, Doerr win baseball honors

‘Most valuable’ award in each league goes to Cards, Red Sox stars

St. Louis, Missouri (UP) –
A keystone combination that would be the fulfillment of a perfect dream for any major league manager – Marty Marion of the St. Louis Cardinals at shortstop and Bobby Doerr of the Boston Red Sox at second base – bore the accolade of the Sporting News today as the most valuable players in their respective leagues for 1944.

The national baseball weekly, singling out the infield stars for its annual awards, stressed their fielding prowess and general all-around capabilities.

In addition, it created a special award of merit for pitchers, explaining that they were at a disadvantage in competition for the most valuable rating because they did not play every day. Rewarded in this category were Hal Newhouser, the Detroit Tiger lefthander, who won 29 games and almost pitched the team to a pennant in the closing stages of the race, and Rookie Bill Voiselle of the New York Giants, who won 21 games in his first season.

Special distinction for Doerr

The award to Doerr bore a special distinction – it was the first time it had ever gone to a man who was unable to finish the season with his club.

Doerr, who was inducted into the Armed Forces as his team was entering the late stages of the race, left behind him the second-best batting record in the American League, a .325 mark which was only two points short of the .327 with which Lou Boudreau of Cleveland won the championship.

In addition, he was the standout fielding second-baseman of the circuit, a record which he has achieved almost annually. However, the batting mark was the best in his major league career of eight years and marked the first time since 1939 he had hit more than .300.

Marion tops in series

For Marion, unanimously designated the outstanding player in the World Series just completed, his play was just a continuation of his all-around stylish ball handling during the regular season. In the series, he handled a total of 29 chances, seven putouts and 22 assists without an error and was one of the top clutch hitters on either side.

Although he batted only .227, he drove in two important runs and connected for three doubles, more than any other player on either side except Mike Kreevich of the Browns.

During the season, he batted .269 and his fielding record topped that of any other infielder. Uniquely, he had the distinction of starting wo triple plays on successful weekends, providing the only incident in National League history in which the same players participated in the same three-way killing.


The Village Smithy

By Chester L. Smith, sports editor

Just as the All-Star Game, in July, substantiated the suspicion that the National League possessed greater overall strength than the American this year, so did the World Series lend plausibility to the crack that the major leagues, as of 1944, consisted of “15 poor clubs and the Cardinals.” Aside from the fact that the scores were generally close and the Browns gave it all they had, it was a Redbird show from beginning to end. And come to think of it, the Cards weren’t a high-scoring team all season long. Occasionally they would break out as they did in Pittsburgh one afternoon with a 16-run splurge, but for the most part they were modest along that line and depended largely on superlative pitching and one of the toughest defensive infields within memory.

Averages for a short series more often than not fall below those of a full campaign, and true to tradition, the Cardinals’ batting was 38 points under normal. But the Brownies slumped 70 points, which might prove the pre-Series contention that pitching in the junior wheel was on the whole of an inferior brand. George McQuinn was the lone Brown to hit with any consistency. Because the Cardinal attack was spotty, Georgie was able to make what was actually a one-sided match appear to be a hand-to-hand grapple.

It was a pitchers’ series through and through. Aside from McQuinn, Emil Verban and Walker Cooper were the only ones to better their season’s marks. Verban had a wild session at the plate, batting .412, and the catching member of the Cooper family was in the groove, with .318 for the six games against .317 during the regular campaign.

Johnny Hopp was the Nationals’ big disappointment.

On the final day it was the failure of the Browns’ infield that won the title for the Cards, but we wonder if the blow that actually killed off Luke Sewell’s men wasn’t delivered much earlier in the series – in the second game and by none other than Blix Donnelly, who has specialized in pitching his fast ball past batters for a long time but was finishing only his first season in a St. Louis uniform.

Rebuild the situation: The Browns had won the opening brush and had beaten Morton Cooper, to boot, with the ragtag Denny Galehouse. Now they had tied up the second game in the seventh inning on Max Lanier and had attacked the veteran southpaw viciously to open the eighth.

A run or two here might not only have put the Browns two-up but would have had a severe effect on the Cardinals’ nerves. They would have had every reason to believe then that what they had been hearing about their opponents being a team of destiny and a child of Lady Luck was entirely true and that nothing they could so would be enough.

In this clutch, Donnelly stepped in and began whirling his swifter. He struck out Laabs and also Verban Stephens. Now he had two down and the strategy was to pass McQuinn, who had wrecked everything the previous day. Even had the latter been a weak batter, it was good baseball to walk him and thus put a force play all around. Anyhow, that’s what Donnelly did, and then he got Mark Christman on a third strike. They went along after that until Ken O’Dea out the damper down with a pinch-hit that defeated the Browns, 3–2, and squared the series.

This, it is probable, was the left the Southworth crew needed. It showed them they could win and it also muffled the enthusiasm of the Browns, who were really in high after they had won one and overcome a lead in the second.

What happened afterward was more or less routine. The Browns had a large day on Friday but Brecheen squelched them again the next afternoon and on Sunday Cooper came back to throw the entire American League setup in reverse. Big Mort’s 2–0 victory meant only one thing: the finish was in sight. Twenty-four hours later, the Cards played as though they sensed it and so did the Browns.

And that was your ’44 World Series, although a point or two could be added. Oldtimers can’t remember when a shortstop who batted only .227 came out of the post-season melee as one of the eligibles for top honors, yet there are many who think Marty Marion deserves such a rating. Marion’s fielding was said to have been as fine as any ever seen and his few hits were timely. When the critics said earlier they would discount Stephens’ slugging and give the Cards the advantage in the short field, they weren’t idly clacking their store teeth, for if it wasn’t Marion, who was it?


With election only 27 days away –
Perkins: Major labor trouble plagues Roosevelt from three fronts

Some of ‘breaks’ that help swing the vote flare to beset New Deal on home front
By Fred W. Perkins, Pittsburgh Press staff writer

Washington –
Three of the “breaks” that help swing elections appear today on the labor front. All are against Mr. Roosevelt.

  • The Petrillo case, in which the head of the American Federation of Musicians (AFL) leaves the President out on a limb by rejecting an official but courteous request that he obey an order of the War Labor Board.

  • The Matthew Smith case, in which this leader of non-affiliated unions offered a destructive strike of 70,000 men in 64 vital war plants. Republicans may cite the case in their attacks on the administration’s manner of handling labor problems.

  • Disclosure that heads of five railway workers’ brotherhoods were recently pressured, in some cases unsuccessfully, to declare for reelection of Mr. Roosevelt.

As to No. 3, the rail union heads called on the President a week ago to add their weight to other labor groups in asking for a relaxation of wage-control policies, preferably before election.

When they came out of Mr. Roosevelt’s office, George M. Harrison, president of the Railway Clerks and a vice president of the American Federation of Labor, gave reporters the impression that the entire group was enthusiastically in favor of a fourth term.

‘Pressure’ charged

What wasn’t told was that when the rail labor leaders entered the President’s office they found there Dan Tobin, head of the Teamsters Union (AFL) and director of the Labor Division of the Democratic National Committee. Some of the railway men construed Mr. Tobin’s presence as intended to “put the heat” on them, and they so said today.

They pointed out that Mr. Tobin was not a member of their group, could have been there only at the instance of the President, and they construed his participation as purely political.

Split vote predicted

The conversation was reported as dealing only scantily with the subject the railway men had come to talk about, but abundantly about how the members of railway unions – with a membership of approximately a million and a half – should regard Mr. Roosevelt as their friend, despite the bad feeling early this year over the administration’s handling of the railway wage controversy.

None of the rail union heads, it was learned authoritatively, attempted to commit their organizations to the support of Mr. Roosevelt, and some were said to have failed to give their personal pledges. An authority on the political pulse of railway workers says their votes, predominantly in recent years for Mr. Roosevelt will be split.

Petrillo is problem

The group, in addition to Mr. Harrison, included D. B. Robertson (president of the Locomotive Firemen and Engineers), Harry W. Fraser (president of the Railway Conductors), E. E. Milliman (president of the Maintenance of Way Men), and Harvey W. Brown (president of the Machinists Union).

The Petrillo refusal followed a request from the President for compliance with War Labor Board orders that the union lift its ban on members doing work for the transcription divisions of NBC, Columbia Recording Corporation, and Radio Corporation of America.

A high official concerned with labor matters expressed the opinion that the development would cause more unfavorable public reaction against Mr. Roosevelt than against the head of the musicians’ union. This opinion was based on the fact that in the President’s telegram of Oct. 4 to Mr. Petrillo he left no means of enforcements against the union.

‘Very polite’ request

The presidential telegram cited an opinion that “under all the present circumstances the noncompliance by your union is not unduly impeding the war effort,” thus absolving Mr. Petrillo from prosecution under the War Labor Disputes Act.

However, the President’s telegram added:

This noncompliance may encourage other instances of noncompliance which will impede the war effort.

Matthew Smith, defying the government with a threat of a serious war strike, and drawing a “stab in the back” charge from Under Secretary of War Robert P. Patterson, has been in a long conflict with the War Labor Board over its refusal to include spokesmen for independent or non-affiliated unions in the Board’s labor membership. He is identified as a Socialist in politics, but has publicly announced support for Mr. Roosevelt in this campaign.

It’s Roosevelt vs. Petrillo in ‘Battle of Jukebox’

Musicians Union president refuses pleas of Chief Executive to lift record ban


Brownell here, mum on Dewey return visit

GOP chairman meets with local leaders


Bricker cuts loose –
‘Unprepared’ blame placed on Roosevelt

Pacific fortifications not urged, he says


All for fourth term –
Tobin tells how to give away $5,000

Teamsters magazine urges contributions
By Daniel M. Kidney, Scripps-Howard staff writer


1–3 on Roosevelt; 2½–1 on Dewey

Ickes challenges Dewey statement


Editorial: ‘Soldier ballots must be protected’

Editorial: ‘Please, Mr. Petrillo’


Editorial: Truman changes his tune

Senator Harry Truman, Democratic candidate for Vice President, comes right out and says it in an article written for The CIO News:

To achieve full production and jobs for all, we must have planning – national planning. With the best will in the world, individual industries or individual men and women cannot achieve this goal outside the framework of a national plan. We have found this to be true during our period of all-out war production. It will be just as true during the post-war period now coming so close to us.

The Senator goes on to contend that President Roosevelt, to whom he gives all credit for directing the making and execution of a plan for war, must remain in office to direct the making and execution of a national plan for post-war.

Senator Truman has changed his tune since last March 5. On that date, he submitted to the Senate the third annual report of the Committee Investigating the National Defense Program, of which he was then chairman. The report advocated government planning for post-war – but planning limited to the prompt removal of “obstacles” to industrial reconversion. It said:

The job is essentially one of simplification, so that industry and labor can make their own plans, for the success or failure of which they and they alone will be responsible. Some people favor attempting to formulate blueprints so as to regulate every step by which we attempt to reconvert from war to peacetime operations…

Wartime creates a necessity for controls which are otherwise undesirable in a democracy. Because these controls have worked without too great injury under the pressure of necessary wartime regimentation and the short time they have been in effect, there is a tendency among some persons to believe that these controls are in and of themselves a good thing.

Experience has taught us that our country will flourish best when least hampered by government control. Some policing, of course, is necessary. The frauds and business excesses of the late ‘20s established that. But it would be wrong to approach the subject from the viewpoint of attempting to impose on American industry and labor an overall plan with complex rules and regulations.

Even in wartime it was the flow of private initiative that made possible the success of the war program. This flow must be encouraged in the future. It is the job of government to devise rules of the road, but not to tell the driver where he must travel… The committee believes that plans should be made now for the elimination of obstacles and the removal of controls and restrictions as fast as that can be done without injury to the war production program.

The committee does not believe that there should be an increase in such controls and restrictions for the purpose of attempting to substitute the judgment of bureaucrats for economic trends. There is too great danger that such controls would become self-perpetuating, especially if the war should last a long time. If that should happen, we would indeed have won the war and lost the peace.

That was a little more than seven months ago. Now Senator Truman embraces the danger against which he and his committee warned then. Now he believes – at least, he says to the CIO – that in peacetime as in wartime government must formulate “a national plan” and require individual industries, and individual men and women, to operate within its framework.

“If that should happen, we would indeed have won the war and lost the peace.”

Edson: Bowles prepares to ease post-war price controls

By Peter Edson

Ferguson: New Department

By Mrs. Walter Ferguson

U.S. spending at hourly rate of $11 million

Bond redemptions run close to sales

Hargrove: Cycling stylish in Paris

Wide skirts are necessities
By Rosette Hargrove

Foster: Doughboys shower advice on producer of Pyle movie

By Ernest Foster