America at war! (1941–) – Part 4

Nazis order civilians to flee Cologne area

Raid on Sumatra reported by Japs

By the United Press

War hero dies

Santa Fe, New Mexico –
The body of Col. Hugh Benton Moore, 75, credited with having stopped Ludendorff’s push in France in 1918 by blowing up the bridges needed by the German general in his drive, was sent today to Texas City, Texas, for burial. Col. Moore, who died here Sunday, was the transportation officer on Gen. Pershing’s staff in World War I.


Bricker to set pace tonight for GOP here

Dewey’s running mate to speak at Mosque
By Kermit McFarland

Republicans will throw one of the biggest shows of the fall political season here tonight when Governor John W. Bricker, candidate for Vice President, comes here to deliver one of the principal addresses of his campaign.

Mr. Bricker, accompanied by Governor Edward Martin, was scheduled to arrive here about 6:00 p.m. ET from Erie, where he delivered a noonday talk.

The Ohio Governor has delivered several speeches here on previous occasions, but this is the first at a meeting open to the public.

Will speak at Mosque

He will speak in Syria Mosque at 9:30 p.m. ET.

Mr. Bricker’s half-hour address will be broadcast over WCAE and the Mutual Network.

Preceding Mr. Bricker’s appearance, the Republican rally, scheduled to start at 8:30, will be addressed by U.S. Senator James J. Davis (candidate for reelection) and County Court Judge Blair E. Gunther.

Rev. Cornell E. Talley, pastor of the Central Baptist Church, was scheduled to speak at this meeting, but is ill. If he is unable to appear tonight, his place will be taken by Hobson R. Reynolds of Philadelphia, former Negro Legislator.

Mr. Reynolds is the sponsor of the so-called “equal rights” law enacted by the 1935 session of the Legislature.

Other speeches scheduled

From here, Mr. Bricker will go to Harrisburg, for a noon address tomorrow from the Capitol steps and thence to Wilkes-Barre for a night rally.

His appearance tonight is expected to be a prelude to the No. 1 Republican rally of the campaign next month when local and state leaders hope to bring Governor Thomas E. Dewey, presidential candidate, here for an address at Forbes Field.

Mr. Dewey visited Pittsburgh in July, but delivered no speech, confining his activities to a series of conferences with regional business, political, labor and agricultural leaders.

Truman may speak here

Governor Bricker’s Democratic rival for the Vice Presidency is also expected to speak here later in the campaign, although no dates have been set. But President Roosevelt’s running mate, Senator Harry S. Truman of Missouri, is a favorite with local Democratic leaders who played an important part in bringing about his nomination at the Chicago convention.

He was scheduled to deliver the Jefferson Day speech at the annual Democratic banquet last May, but at the last minute, U.S. Senator Joseph F. Guffey, a champion of Vice President Henry A. Wallace’s nomination, arranged to bring Senator Samuel D. Jackson (D-IN) instead.

The Democrats have no inkling of President Roosevelt’s campaign plans, other than two scheduled radio speeches from Washington and do not expect him to visit Pittsburgh before Election Day, although he has been here in each of his three previous campaigns. If he comes into Pennsylvania at all, he will appear in Philadelphia.


Bricker attacks Hillman and PAC

Erie, Pennsylvania (UP) –
Labor has the right to enter political campaigns with “arguments and peaceful persuasion,” but no organization should use “intimidation, threats and ulterior purposes” to influence the vote, Ohio Governor John W. Bricker said today in a sharp criticism of Sidney Hillman and the CIO Political Action Committee.

Mr. Bricker said that President Roosevelt’s alleged remark for aides at the Democratic National Convention to “clear everything with Sidney” was “too well authenticated and documented” for a denial by Robert Hannegan, chairman of the Democratic National Committee.

Mr. Hillman “took over control of the Democratic Convention,” Governor Bricker said, and the “results provide the truth of the statement because everything was cleared through Sidney.”

Asked if organized labor should stay out of politics as a group, Governor Bricker replied that labor “always has been nonpartisan.”

He said:

We have political parties for the purpose of conducting elections. I have no opposition to any organization going into campaigns with arguments and peaceful persuasion, but to get people and members of an organization created for one purpose and then through power they have over them by intimidation, threats and ulterior purposes to try to force them to vote one way or to try to influence them by contributing money to one party against their will is very dangerous.

In a speech later, Governor Bricker said that a planned program for a rehabilitation of business and reemployment of war veterans has been laid down by the Republican Party while the New Deal “only looks forward to unemployment,” and measures to alleviate those conditions.


‘Phantom voters’ probe requested

Washington (UP) –
Rep. Francis J. Myers (D-PA) today asked the Special House Committee Investigating Campaign Expenditures to check the list of registered voters in Delaware County, Pennsylvania, for “phantom voters.”

Mr. Myers said he requested that the county’s entire voting list be checked following reports that Delaware County commissioners planned to investigate lists of 14,000 newly registered voters in Chester and 2,500 in Upper Darby, both in Delaware County. Charges have been made, he said, that this investigation of only a small part of the voting list is “wholly political” with the intention of “aiding or influencing the election of certain candidates.” Mr. Myers is the Democratic nominee for the U.S. Senate from Pennsylvania, opposing Republican Senator James J. Davis.

‘Cotton Ed’ Smith to fight 4th term

Columbia, South Carolina (UP) –
Senator Ellison D. “Cotton Ed” Smith, who was recently defeated in the state Democratic primary when he sought a seventh term in the Senate, disclosed today he had called a meeting of anti-New Deal Democrats in Washington on Friday and Saturday to plan a campaign to defeat President Roosevelt.

Purpose of the meeting, he said, will be to recapture the Democratic Party from Sidney Hillman, the CIO, and the New Deal, and to defeat the fourth term.


Dewey asked to kill ‘incorrect statement’

Washington (UP) –
House Democratic Leader John W. McCormack (D-MA) called on Governor Thomas E. Dewey today to delete for rebroadcasting purposes that part of his Philadelphia speech in which, Mr. McCormack said, he made “an incorrect statement which creates a false impression about the demobilization plan for the Army.”

Governor Dewey charged in Philadelphia that the administration planned to keep men in the Army until they could get jobs. Mr. McCormack said:

This statement already has created confusion and uncertainty among our soldiers. In all decency, Governor Dewey should publicly withdraw it.

Screams of Yank wounded unnerve German gunner

Nazi stops firing long enough to let Americans evacuate comrades
By Robert Richards, United Press staff writer

U.S. heavies rip Ruhr railyards

U.S. shuttle bombers drop arms in Warsaw

WCTU asks liquor ban on European V-Day

Columbus, Ohio (UP) –
The 70th national convention of the Women’s Christian Temperance Union today adopted resolutions urging a ban on the sale of alcohol on the day of victory in Europe and condemning the “holiday” granted distillers to produce civilian alcohol.

Wolfert: German Army fights to give Nazis time to go underground

Reichswehr generals in accord with scheme to hurl nation into civil war
By Ira Wolfert

From private to general – that’s Courtney Hodges

Mystery man of Western Front flunked out of West Point, then rose through ranks
By Charles T. Lucey, Scripps-Howard staff writer

Air invasion greater than D-Day attack

Paratroop landing in Reich possible

1st Allied Army HQ (UP) –
Allied spokesmen today hailed the great airborne landing behind the German lines in Holland as a sweeping success that exposes the Nazi homeland itself to invasion from the sky.

“The Allies can drop behind the Siegfried Line, across the Rhine, or anywhere else they want,” senior staff officers of Lt. Gen. Lewis H. Brereton’s 1st Airborne Army declared.

Two invasion waves have dropped through the rood of Holland twice in the past 48 hours at a cost in men and equipment far lower than even the most optimistic generals anticipated. Already the scope of the operation has dwarfed that of the landing in Normandy on D-Day, and Gen. Brereton’s sky army has not finished.

Other landings possible

The timing and direction of the air army’s next blow were closely-guarded secrets, but official spokesmen made it clear that the size of the two-day landings in Holland has not ruled out the possibility of further operations.

Thousands of planes and gliders swarmed across Holland yesterday to supply and reinforce the first invasion wave of paratroops and airborne infantrymen who landed Sunday afternoon. Field dispatches indicated the second contingent was fully as large as the first.

The element of tactical surprise was gone and the Germans threw up flak and fighter planes in an effort to turn back the air fleets but they got through with surprisingly small losses.

Covered by 600 fighters

More than 600 U.S. 8th Air Force fighters covered the armada.

Twenty-three fighters were lost, but they knocked out 74 gun posts and damaged almost a score of others, and destroyed 36 planes.

The big glider trains that ferried in the troops and supplies formed up over England in two great columns that stretched out over 285 miles. One struck across the continent behind the British lines, crossing the Gheel bridgehead over the Escaut Canal and then heading for the jump area, while the second approached directly from the Channel, flying for 85 miles across a thick belt of German flak.

A force of 250 Liberator bombers, transformed into cargo planes for the occasion, joined the fleet to ferry supplies to the first wave.

11 big bombers lost

The big bombers flew through the flak with their bellies skimming the treetops, and 11 of them were knocked down by enemy fire.

Maj. William Cameron of Hanford, California, copilot of one Liberator, said he and his crew saw gliders and jeeps on the ground with Allied troops all around them.

Other crewmen said they passed over flooded areas where practically no movement could be observed except a few cattle on the high roads, and, in a churchyard, three priests kneeling in prayer.

One Dutch fireman jubilantly tossed his helmet into the air when the Allied planes flew over and in some towns the people waved red, white and blue flags.

Susan Hayward leaves her husband of month


Browder: Lots of ‘Commies’

Washington (UP) –
Earl Browder, president of the Communist Political Association, asserted today that his organization has members not only in the AFL and CIO but also “in the Republican Party, the Democratic Party, Farmer-Labor Party, Chambers of Commerce, Elks, Kiwanis and ministerial associations.”

“And,” he told the House committee investigating campaign expenditures, “someday we hope to have members in Congress.”

Rep. Clarence Brown (R-OH) asked Browder if he “could” give the names of Communists active in the CIO Political Action Committee. Browder’s reply was: “I would not.”

Asked whether Joseph Curran, president of the National Maritime Union (CIO) were a Communist, Browder said:

Why don’t you ask him? Every citizen of the United States has a right to stand on his own feet in political life. No man should speak for another man’s politics.


Editorial: Dewey tells labor’s side

It has been assumed that the rank and file of labor is Mr. Roosevelt’s great and untappable reservoir of political strength – that however large the defections in other circles, nearly all members of organized labor could be counted on to mark the ballot in the same place a fourth time.

We’re not at all sure that will happen on Nov. 7.

Governor Dewey at Seattle last night gave some stout arguments why it should not happen.

Working men and women, looking to the post-war future, have a right to expect something better than what they’ve had. Something better than paternalistic benefactions passed down to them to buy their political loyalty. Something better than administration-sponsored strife between rival union leaders, and administration-sponsored class warfare between workers and employers. Something better than the chaos, delays and confusion of having their wages, working conditions and collective-bargaining processes tampered with and pulled and hauled about by 25 competing government agencies, bureaus, boards and commissions.

They are entitled to the full fruits of their labor, a full sharing of higher living standards which their productivity will make possible. They are entitled to gain it by free bargaining, under a government by law, administered speedily and evenhandedly, where rights are treated as legal rights and not as political favors.

Governor Dewey’s speech on labor was a good speech because it approached problems from the point of view of those who work for a living, especially union members. It spelled out why unions should not be blamed for all that has happened. It told their side of the story of troubled industrial relations, a side which needed to be told – of how just settlements of disputes have been delayed and prevented by bungling bureaucrats administering conflicting government policies.

Mr. Dewey asked:

Who gains by this planned confusion? The workers don’t gain. The public is always in the middle. The war effort has been constantly hampered. Who does gain? There can be no doubt of the answer. This policy of delay, delay and more delay, serves only the New Deal and its political ends. It puts the leaders of labor on the spot. It makes them come hat in hand to the White House. It makes political loyalty the test of a man getting his rights. Personal government instead of government by law, politics instead of justice prevails in the labor field in this country and I am against that kind of administration and always will be.

And Mr. Dewey told what he will do about it, if elected. Appoint an active and able Secretary of Labor. Build a real Department of Labor, with all the functions that belong in that department. Abolish the multitude of wasteful and competing bureaus now operating outside that department.

We shall see that every working man and woman stands equally in that department created to serve him, not to rule him. And there will be no backdoor entrance to special privilege by one group over any other group of Americans.

Our guess is that Mr. Dewey won some votes by that speech.

Editorial: Another scalp

Editorial: Eisenhower’s strategy

There is no longer any doubt that Allied strategy aims to force a decision in Germany before snow flies. For Gen. Eisenhower now has thrown in his major reserves, or at least a considerable part of them. He had saved his airborne army and the new 9th Army for this big push.

Landing of the airborne army behind the enemy lines in Holland is accepted by most of the armchair experts as proof that the main drive is to be in the north. It is the shortest route to Berlin, It is also the easiest terrain, once our forces get out of the partially-flooded Lowlands.

There are other advantages in a northern campaign. We still need ports, especially close to England. Success in the present Holland operation will give us the great ports of that country and also facilitate the use of Antwerp. Also, it will eliminate the remaining robot platforms, which still are hurling death into London and Southern England. Moreover, a drive across Northwest Germany, with the capture of Bremen and Hamburg, would make it difficult for Hitler to pull back reserves from Norway – his best, and probably, only, source of major reinforcements.

Though this is all very logical, it is not necessarily Gen. Eisenhower’s strategy. He has a way of fooling the enemy. In the invasion they expected him to strike at one or more ports – Calais, Le Havre, Cherbourg; instead, he landed on the open beaches. In the Battle of Normandy, they expected him to batter through left or center; instead, he sent Gen. Patton wide around right end. Again, he outguessed them by repeating the Patton play, running right around Paris.

So, it is possible that this surprise left end run through Holland is to secure that country and its ports and to make a feint into Germany, rather than attempt the main Berlin drive from that direction. That is something neither Hitler nor our homegrown kibitzers can be sure of until the play is completed.

But the significant aspect of the situation is not where Gen. Eisenhower will deliver his biggest blow. It is his ability to strike anywhere from the North Sea to Switzerland. With Gen. Montgomery’s British 2nd Army and the airborne army meeting, Gen. Eisenhower has strong forces along or well inside the entire German frontier. Whether the main breakthrough will come in the north, or around Cologne, or up the Mosel corridor to Koblenz, or in the south at the Belfort Gap, Gen. Eisenhower has succeeded in placing his forces so he can take advantage of any soft spot wherever it shows under pressure.

That is why there is a good chance of winning the Battle of Western Germany before winter. It does not depend on any one operation or any one sector. Gen. Eisenhower is covering the entire Western Front but the enemy, presumably, is not strong enough to do so – not with Gens. Alexander and Clark pressing on the Italian front, and with the Russians closing in from the southeast and the east.

Edson: Political honesty and plain honesty are different

By Peter Edson

Ferguson: Equal rights

By Mrs. Walter Ferguson


Background of news –
Dewey and the labor vote

By Jay G. Hayden

Seattle, Washington –
Sidney Hillman’s CIO Political Action Committee is both the main organizational bulwark and the greatest single threat to President Roosevelt’s fourth-term candidacy.

Due partly to its own aggressiveness, but more to division of the Democratic Party, the PAC has assumed pro-Roosevelt leadership in nearly all the dozen states that Governor Thomas E. Dewey’s campaign train has traversed in the last 10 days.

With only two or three exceptions, the basic pattern in these states, stretching from New York and Pennsylvania to Montana and Washington, is the same.

Ever since 1938, Republicans have been winning state and local elections, until today they all but monopolize the non-federal public payrolls. Old-line Democrats not only have lost incentive (private jobs pay better, anyhow, these days) but a great many of them blame Mr. Roosevelt for their fall from political power. In most of the states visited, the PAC took over the New Deal driver’s seat because no one else seemed to want it.

There are notable exceptions to the latter rule, as in Montana, where the bitterest sort of struggle for control of the Democratic Party is being waged. The principal contestants in Montana are now the veteran Senator Burton K. Wheeler, notoriously anti-Roosevelt, and former Congressman Jerry J. O’Connell, now state director of the PAC.

CIO leader currently on top

Mr. O’Connell presently is on too, to the extent that the Democratic nominee for governor, Leif Erickson, is his man.

Mr. Wheeler, in 1940, engineered the defeat of the O’Connellite Democratic Governor Ayres by the simple process of backing his Republican opponent, Sam C. Ford.

The point of the matter is that Mr. Wheeler must face the voters himself in 1946 and hence his political life is more than ever at stake. He certainly is supporting Governor Ford again this year and the hope of Mr. Dewey’s managers in Montana rests largely on the calculation that Mr. Wheeler especially cannot afford to permit President Roosevelt to carry his state, if it is within his power to prevent it.

Similarly in Idaho, the CIO sored a signal victory when the conservative Democratic Senator, D. Worth Clark, was defeated for renomination by the cowboy crooner, Glenn Taylor. All straw votes taken in Idaho have placed it in the Republican column this year, both for President and Senator, a condition attributed in large part to dissatisfaction of Senator Clark and other old-school Democrats because of the rising power of the CIO in their party.

Union rivalry a factor

In Washington, likewise the intra-Democratic ferment is working, but in somewhat different fashion. The friction here is not so much between the Hillmanites and the old-school Democrats as it is among rival factions of organized labor.

Dave Beck, West Coast head of the AFL Teamsters, seemed well on his way toward running everything in this state until one Arthur B. Langlie arose to put him in his place, first as Mayor of Seattle and then as Governor.

The rising power of the CIO within the Democratic Party now has faced Mr. Beck with a new threat.

This intraunion strife is illustrated in the Seattle Congressional district, where Rep. Warren G. Magnuson stepped out to run for Senator. The Democratic nominee for Mr. Magnuson’s seat is Hugh De Lacy, a college professor, who was backed by the CIO. Against him, the Republicans have nominated Robert Harlan, who was state president of John L. Lewis’ United Mine Workers until he was named state director of labor.

The effectiveness of the attempt Mr. Dewey is preparing to make to coin this labor division into votes for himself is likely to prove the most interesting phase of his drive all the way from Seattle to Los Angeles this week.