America at war! (1941–) – Part 4

130 Nazi planes shot down in air battles over Reich

Record bag made by U.S. fighters as Luftwaffe is goaded into action first time in months

Bing sings – Yanks dream of Christmas, peace, home

Dinah Shore’s there too, and thanks the men for use of the pasture, a windy stretch of mud

Journey to the sunrise

By Florence Fisher Parry

Pearl Harbor case attacked again

Washington girl is Miss America

She’s Venus Ramey, 19 and red-tressed


Lewis may state Presidency views

UMW chief will keynote convention
By Lyle C. Wilson, United Press staff writer

Washington –
Watch tomorrow’s meeting of the United Mine Workers of America convention in Cincinnati for a tip on John L. Lewis’ presidential campaign year plans and views.

Mr. Lewis, UMW president, will keynote the convention tomorrow. His speech should indicate how active he expects to be, if at all, in the campaign to put Governor Thomas E. Dewey in the White House.

Endorsing Mr. Dewey would not come easily to the mien chieftain and he may not do so. But his union publications have spoken favorably of the Republican presidential candidate and if Mr. Lewis does not support Mr. Dewey, he will have no candidate at all this year.

The break between Mr. Lewis and President Roosevelt after the 1936 election, in which Mr. Lewis caused labor loans and gifts of $500,000 or so to be advanced to the New Deal, has never mended.

Four years ago, Mr. Lewis formalized the breach by endorsing Wendell L. Willkie, the GOP presidential candidate.

At that time, Mr. Lewis summoned the CIO, of which he then was the lead, to follow his leadership and promised to resign if Mr. Willkie lost. He made good on that pledge when the returns were in.

Some months ago, during the pre-convention campaign, Mr. Willkie told a group of newspapermen here that he would repudiate Mr. Lewis’ support if he were renominated this time and it were offered. He said he regretted not having done so in 1940.

There are about 500,000 UMW members. Mr. Lewis was unable to swing the big CIO behind the Republican candidate in 1940, but his hold on the miners is stronger. They have on occasion followed him with spectacular political effect.

About 190,000 UMW members vote in Pennsylvania where Mr. Roosevelt is currently believed to have an advantage and where Mr. Dewey must overtake and pass him if he is to win next November.

Insurgent bloc maps drive against Lewis

Edmundson group seeks autonomy


On matter of war –
Administration failed people, Dewey claims

President did nothing to prepare, he says

Des Moines, Iowa (UP) –
Governor Thomas E. Dewey charged here today that the Roosevelt administration “did absolutely nothing to prepare the American people for war.”

Mr. Dewey made the charge in a news conference shortly after his arrival here for conferences with party leaders. He added that the administration now claims it saw the war was coming.

During the questioning on foreign policy, arising from a magazine article by the 1940 GOP presidential nominee Wendell L. Willkie, Governor Dewey agreed that foreign policy and domestic policy are inseparable, because strength at home regulates American influence in foreign affairs.

No preparation in eight years

He said:

The tragedy of the present administration is that we have an administration seeking reelection now which was eight years in office while all these tremendous forces were rising toward war, which did absolutely nothing to prepare the American people for war.

And, at the end of those eight years in office, the administration still had a limping unproductive economy with 10 million unemployed and absolutely no military preparations for these events, which it now claims it foresaw. As a matter of fact, we had an army of 75,000.

Mr. Dewey told reporters that one of the reasons for his visit to Iowa was to discuss with its people and its leaders the “critical farm problems that will face this country when the war is over.”

Distribution to take planning

When newspaper reports from Washington detailing the huge food surplus the government may be holding at the end of the war were called to his attention, he said there was no doubt but that “we will have accomplished a tremendous stockpile.”

He said it would require enormous planning to distribute this surplus without glutting the market and giving the American farmer a bad year.

He was asked:

Does that imply that some sort of food distribution agency may be continued as a part or section of your cabinet?

Reconversion question

Mr. Dewey said:

Certainly, the job will have to be done. Whether it is done through special agencies or how is a matter I will discuss in speeches later in the campaign, and it will have to be done skillfully, otherwise it would rot the while distributing system.

Mr. Dewey was also asked about the report on reconversion problems by War Mobilization Director James F. Byrnes. He said he hadn’t studied it carefully, but he hoped “the proposal will mean action and not mere words because it is very late.”

Asked whether he meant “action along the lines of the report,” he said: “At least it’s a start.”

Greeted by 4,000

Governor Dewey was greeted at the railroad station by a crowd estimated at 4,000 persons.

As he has in every stop so far on his 6,700-mile coast-to-coast campaign swing, he assailed what he calls the “defeatist philosophy of the present administration.”

He promised that a new administration would bring “equality among labor, industry and agriculture, which we must have.”

Swinging back into action campaigning after a weekend visit with his mother at his Owosso, Michigan, birthplace, Governor Dewey scheduled day-long conferences with party chieftains and leaders of half a dozen voting blocs in Des Moines.

Next speech in Seattle

It was his bid for the 10 electoral votes of a state which has been carried by a Democratic presidential candidate only three times since 1872 – in 1912 by Woodrow Wilson and in 1932 and 1936 by President Roosevelt.

Governor Dewey leaves tonight for a two-day visit at the Valentine, Nebraska, ranch of former Governor Samuel R. McKelvie, where he will meet Nebraska and South Dakota political leaders for private conferences. His next major address is scheduled Sept. 18 at Seattle.

Governor Dewey spent a quiet weekend at the home of his mother, Mrs. George M. Dewey, at Owosso.


Democratic leaders convene in Chicago

Chicago, Illinois (UP) –
Democratic leaders from 22 Midwestern and Southern states opened a three-day meeting today with officials of the National Campaign Headquarters.

National Chairman Robert E. Hannegan told the group that the conference would “develop in detail a state-by-state program to assure a maximum registration and a maximum outturn at the polls in November.”

In Washington –
Jobs for 54 million called minimum need for post-war economy

House committee also recommends broad revisions in wartime tax lead


Dewey raps FCC’s radio censorship

Washington (UP) –
The Federal Communications Commission should have no right of radio censorship nor control over the content of radio programs, Republican presidential nominee Thomas E. Dewey said today in a copyrighted interview published by Broadcasting Magazine.

He said:

When the FCC starts to control program content, free radio goes out the window. The government no more belongs in this field than in the field of the newspaper and magazine.

He added that he favors a new law which would restrict the FCC to regulation of technical facilities.

Address of Dewey assailed by Myers

Allentown, Pennsylvania –
Rep. Francis J. Myers, in an address before the Lehigh County Democratic Committee here last Saturday, blasted the presidential campaign address delivered Thursday night by Governor Thomas E. Dewey in Philadelphia.

He declared:

It was a speech that might well have been prepared by Hitler or Goebbels; a deliberate planned effort to divide our people in the midst of war; and a premeditated plan to frighten the mothers of our gallant servicemen.

Mr. Myers charged that Governor Dewey’s speech was “cheap and contemptible,” and also “was the beginning of Thomas E. Dewey’s end.”

De Gaulle forms new cabinet

Senate president gets key post

Austria warned it’s time she helped Allies

Hull says aid will bear on her future


PAC in battle in Maine election

Portland, Maine (UP) –
The CIO Political Action Committee’s attempt to unseat three Republican Congressmen was the highlight today as Maine voters went to the polls in the nation’s first state election of this presidential year.

The PAC has opposed all three Congressional incumbents, waging a particularly aggressive campaign in the first district where Andrew A. Pettis of Portland, president of a CIO shipyard union, seeks the place of Rep. Robert Hale of Portland. In the other districts, David H. Staples, member of the Brotherhood of Railroad Engineers, opposes Rep. Margaret C. Smith of Skowhegan, while Rep. Frank Fellows of Bangor is opposed by Ralph E. Graham of Brewer.

Also at stake is the governorship, traditionally held by a Republican. Republican State Senate President Horace A. Hildreth and Democrat Paul J. Jullien are the gubernatorial candidates. Republican Governor Sumner Sewall is retiring.

While more report attacks –
‘Phantom Madman’ scare laid to mass hysteria

Police Commissioner wants some shuteye, seeks to bury ‘elusive anesthetist’

Preliminary world peace talks near end

Session with China may start this week

Japs claim 40 B-29s blasted

By the United Press

Liberators sink Jap destroyer

Little things give war its horror, humor, reality

Three reporters describe sidelights of battle against Germans in France and Belgium
By three United Press war correspondents

Yanks capture key Italian towns

Battle Germans in Gothic Line outposts

Barrows: It takes more than loss of right arm to down Yank

Courage of U.S. prisoners returning from Germany thrills Swedish Red Cross girl
By Nat A. Barrows

Allies step up raids in Pacific

Japs expect landing on Halmahera Island
By the United Press