America at war! (1941–) – Part 3

Background of news –
Planes, not blueprints, needed

By Col. Frederick Palmer, North American Newspaper Alliance

Five-time ace, Yank with RAF, killed in crash

Cdr. Lance Wade goes down in Italy, but not in flames

Jack & Heintz to sell stock to employees

Capital increase proposed to permit earning of higher profit

Funeral of a Yank

Don’t be misled, folks, because ‘corpse’ sat up and hollered ‘Yip-p-pee!’
By Robert Vermillion, United Press staff writer


McHarg forms group to draft MacArthur

New York (UP) –
Ormsby McHarg, former general counsel of the Republican National Committee, announcing formation of a “Draft-MacArthur organization,” said today that he was “perfectly satisfied” that Gen. Douglas MacArthur would accept the Republican nomination for President if it is offered to him.

Mr. McHarg said his information came to him through sources “I wouldn’t dream of exposing.”

In announcing formation of the MacArthur National Associates, Mr. McHarg said the organization was “dedicated to the proposition that Douglas MacArthur should be nominated by the Republican Party for the office of President” at the Chicago convention in June.

Ernie Pyle V Norman

Roving Reporter

By Ernie Pyle

In Italy – (by wireless)
The dive bomber has never been fully accepted by the Allied armies. The British have always been against it – they call the German Stuka a vastly overrated instrument of war – and America has more or less followed suit.

Our Navy has used the dive bomber to good effect in the Pacific. But in the Mediterranean this weapon didn’t show up until the beginning of the Sicilian campaign, and it has never been built up in great numbers.

In the dive-bomber groups over here, we have several hundred pilots and mechanics who believe with a fanatical enthusiasm that the dive bomber is the most wonderful machine produced in this war. I don’t want to enter into the argument, when I’m in no position to know, but regardless I’m going to write a little about these dive-bomber boys. For they are probably the most spectacular part of our Air Forces.

The function of the dive bomber is to work in extremely close support of our own infantry. For instance, suppose there is a German gun position just over a hill which our troops cannot get at with our guns and which is holding us up.

They call on the dive bombers and give them the location. Within an hour, and sometimes much quicker, they come screaming out of the sky right on top of that gun and blow it up.

They can do the same to bunched enemy troops, bridges, tank columns, convoys, or ammunition dumps. Because of their great accuracy they can bomb much closer to our own troops than other planes would dare. Most of the time they work less than a thousand yards ahead of our frontlines, and they have had missions much closer than that.

Invaders earned name

The group I am with has been in combat six months. During that time, they have flown 10,000 sorties, fired more than a million rounds of .50-caliber ammunition, and dropped three million pounds of bombs. That’s more than the entire 8th Air Force in England dropped in its first year of operation.

Our dive bombers are known as A-36 Invaders. Actually, they are nothing more than the famous P-51 Mustang equipped with diving brakes. For a long time, they didn’t have any name at all, and then one day in Sicily one of the pilots of the squadron said:

Why don’t we call them Invaders, since we’re invading?

The name was carried home in newspaper dispatches, and today even the company that makes them calls them Invaders.

The pilot who originated the name was Lt. Robert B. Walsh of Felt, Idaho. He has since completed his allotted missions and gone back to the States. His younger brother is now in the same squadron as a replacement pilot.

The P-51 Mustang is a wonderful fighter. But when you transform it into an A-36 by the addition of diving brakes, it becomes a grand dive bomber as well.

The brakes are necessary because of the long straight-down dive on the target. A regular fighter would get to going too fast. The controls would become rigid, and the pilot would have to start pulling out of his dive so early that he’d have to drop his bombs from too great a height.

These boys dive about 8,000 feet before dropping their bombs. Without brakes, they would ordinarily build up to around 700 miles an hour in such a dive, but the brakes hold them to about 390.

The brakes are nothing but metal flaps in the form of griddles about two feet long and eight or 10 inches high. They lie flat on the wings during ordinary flights.

Wiggle wings and drive

The dive bombers approach their target in formation. When the leader has made sure he has spotted the target he wiggles his wings, raises his diving brakes, rolls on his back, then noses over and down he goes. The next man behind follows almost instantly.

They follow one right after the other, not more than 150 feet apart. There’s no danger of their running over the next one ahead, for the brakes hold them all at the same speed.

They’re so close together that as many as 20 dive bombers have been seen in a dive all at once, making a straight line up into the sky like a gigantic stream of water.

At about 4,000 feet the pilot releases his bombs. Then he starts his pullout. The strain is terrific, and all the pilots “black out” a little bit. It lasts only four or five seconds, and is not a complete blackout. It is more a heaviness in the head and a darkness before the eyes, the pilots say.

Once straightened out of the dive, they go right on down to “the deck,” which means flying close to the ground. For by this time everything in the vicinity that can shoot has opened up, and the safest place to be is right down close, streaking for home as fast as they can go.

Pegler: Marshall Field’s motives

By Westbrook Pegler

Clapper: Hill 660

By Raymond Clapper

Rabaul is next on Allied list

New type offensive to hit Japs, admiral says

Millett: Would-be workers face needless discouragement

Some women may be too old for certain jobs but there must be work they can do
By Ruth Millett

‘Galloping World Series’ visioned

Australians, Britons seen as rivals in international post-war baseball classic
By Jack Cuddy, United Press staff writer

Congress guns for communications board

‘Millions for defense’ raises Solons’ eyebrows
By Si Steinhauser

U.S. Navy Department (January 20, 1944)

CINCPAC Press Release No. 232

Seventh Army Air Force Mitchell bombers made daylight low-altitude raids on Mille Atoll in the Marshalls on January 18 and 19 (West Longitude Date).

In the first attack hits were made on gun emplacements, buildings and airdrome installations. One enemy lighter was damaged on the ground.

In the second attack five grounded planes and airdrome installations were hit. Two of our planes were lost.

Seventh Army Air Force fighters attacked shipping at Jaluit Atoll on January 19, damaging two small vessels.

On January 18, Jabor Island was attacked by Dauntless dive bombers of the 7th Army Air Force.

Fires were started in fuel storage areas. Two of our planes were shot down.

The Pittsburgh Press (January 20, 1944)

Major blow strikes for in Carolines

Central Pacific offensive extended hundreds of miles westward
By William F. Tyree, United Press staff writer

British drive into Italian line anchor

Nazi report Minturno’s fall; Rome airfields blasted again
By C. R. Cunningham, United Press staff writer

Eisenhower talks with King George

American casualties in Italy now 19,210

Raid on Bari described –
Fisher: Nazis blasted Allied port into a hellish nightmare

Harbor jammed with ships as German bombers struck Dec. 2, eyewitness says
By Frank Fisher, United Press staff writer

5 face conspiracy charge –
Trial opened in Klan case

Illegal solicitation indictment quashed

Shot fells diplomat’s wife in her Chicago hotel room

Former Tokyo attaché hurries to side of his mate as daughter tells confusing stories

Rail dispute may spur new labor policy

Old rabbit-out-of-the-hat process used to justify boost in wages
By Fred W. Perkins, Pittsburgh Press staff writer