America at war! (1941–) – Part 3

The Pittsburgh Press (January 16, 1944)

5th Army Yanks advance; French drive into flank

Tunisian veterans hurl back counterattacks and gain two miles, forcing German retreat in center of arc
By C. R. Cunningham, United Press staff writer

Sit-down clerks told to work as shutdown nears

Fear of general walkout by utility union lessens; garbage collectors are idle for third day

10,000-foot dive

Turned upside down by crash in air, Fortress goes on to bomb Axis. Returns to base
By Robert Vermillion, United Press staff writer

Public opens its veins to help stricken boy, 4

The more blood given Texas youth, the more sparkle there is in his eyes, doctor says

Union penalties incite strikes at war plants

Robertshaw workers at Youngwood and Scottdale walk out in protest of CIO, company disciplinary action


Democrats to point to military record

Syracuse, New York (UP) – (Jan. 15)
Democratic National Committee chairman Frank C. Walker said tonight that his party would campaign in this presidential election year on the administration’s military record.

Declaring in a Jackson Day address to Upstate New York Democratic leaders that the party leadership had brought into being “the best equipped, most admirable Army and Navy in American history,” Mr. Walker added:

We shall go before the country in the campaign year of 1944 and report to the country what we did and we shall not be afraid.

Mary Pickford in polio drive; is camera shy

All-service casualties

Latest total is 139,858, of which 32,078 are dead, 32,178 missing and 29,707 prisoners

Washington (UP) – (Jan. 15)
The Office of War Information today revealed that the latest announced casualties of the War and Navy Departments brings the total to 139,858 – 32,078 dead, 45,595 wounded, 32,478 missing and 29,707 prisoners of war.

Of the 29,707 prisoners of war, 1,619 have died in prison camps, mainly in Jap-occupied territory.

The report for the War Department is as of Dec. 23, 1943; that for the Navy as of Jan. 14, 1944. The following is a breakdown for the different services:

Dead Wounded Missing Prisoners TOTAL
Army 16,831 *38,916 24,067 25,415 105,229
Navy 11,935 3,125 7,676 2,343 25,079
Marines 2,996 3,476 688 1,948 9,108
Coast Guard 316 78 47 1 442
TOTAL 32,078 45,595 32,478 29,707 139,858

*Of these, 20,036 have returned to active duty or been released from the hospital.

Steel division seeks to free civilian goods

Army, however, demands delay until invasion tide is known
By Robert Taylor, Press Washington correspondent

Roosevelt will be host to Southern governors


Poll: Women’s vote major factor in 1944 election

Men may be outnumbered again at polls as in 1942 balloting
By George Gallup, Director, American Institute of Public Opinion

As the 1944 campaign progresses, more attention will be focused on the vote of women than at any time in recent history.

Surveys show that in the 1942 Congressional elections women actually cast more voted than men for the first time since woman’s suffrage. This year, if the total number of ballots cast by servicemen in the presidential election is small, the women again will outnumber the men at the polls.

All evidence to date shows that the political sentiments of women have closely paralleled those of the men in recent months, except that women voters are a little more inclined to lean toward President Roosevelt and the New Deal than the men are.

MacArthur favored

Women voters also take a somewhat different attitude toward various Republican candidates, being more in favor of Gen. Douglas MacArthur than the men are, and slightly less in favor of Wendell Willkie. Governor Thomas E. Dewey of New York has about the same following among women as among the men.

Because of the growing importance of the women’s vote, the Institute has made a special analysis of their attitudes toward parties and candidates as revealed in nationwide surveys.

Women voters were asked, first, what party they want to see win the president election in 1944. Their vote compares with the men in the civilian population as follows:

Interviewing Date 1/6-11/44
Survey #309-K
Question #7

Which party would you like to see win the presidential election in November?

Republican Democratic
Men 49% 51%
Women 47% 53%

The above figures apply to the present civilian population and do not take into account men in the armed services. Plans for soldier voting are still being discussed in Washington. Present indications are that Democratic Party prospects would be aided by the extent to which servicemen participated in the election.

Prefer Democrats

Various tests in England and in the United States of soldier voting sentiment indicate that the majority of servicemen would prefer to see the Democratic Party win in November. This is in sharp contrast to claims published by Chairman Harrison Spangler of the Republican National Committee.

When it comes to candidates for 1944, there are some disagreements between the sexes, although few of a major character.

Candidate choices

In seeking voters’ opinions each person was given a list of leaders, both Republican and Democratic, who have been most often discussed throughout the country as possible nominees in 1944. The voters were asked to name their choice as of today.

Based on those who named a Republican, the results were as follows:

Interviewing Date 1/6-11/44
Survey #309-K
Question #8b

Whom would you like to see the Republican Party nominate for President?

Men Women
Dewey 38% 37%
Willkie 27% 23%
MacArthur 13% 19%
Bricker 11% 9%
Stassen 7% 7%
Eric Johnston 2% 1%
Warren 1% 2%
Saltonstall 1% 2%

Based on those who named a Democrat, the results are shown below:

Interviewing Date 1/6-11/44
Survey #309-K
Question #8a

Whom would you like to see the Democratic Party nominate for President?

Men Women
Roosevelt 82% 88%
Wallace 7% 4%
Farley 3% 2%
Byrd 2% 2%
Marshall 2% 1%
Byrnes 2% 1%
McNutt 2% 1%
Douglas <1% 1%

Evans would record every word on air

Binder: Plane plant raids make invasion of continent easier

Increase in German fighter strength cut by RAF, U.S. blows; enemy forced to reveal new weapons
By Carroll Binder, Chicago Daily News foreign editor


Cabinet named, Black is ready for Presidency

Portland man files formal application of ‘Equal Rights’

Portland, Oregon (UP) – (Jan. 15)
He’s the only member of the “Equal Rights” Party, but Henry Black, a Portland paint contractor, is perfectly willing to be its nominee for President of the United States.

He has filed declarations in California and Washington and is also willing to represent Republican and Democratic parties if they would care to nominate him (he is a registered Republican, he admits).

There’s no shadow-boxing with Henry Black. He has already appointed his Cabinet. Here it is:

Gen. Douglas MacArthur

Lt. Gen. John L. DeWitt

Senator Burton K. Wheeler (D-MT)

Col. Robert R. McCormick, Chicago publisher

Beardsley Ruml, pay-as-you-go tax planner

Sewall L. Avery, president of Montgomery Ward & Company

Rep. Martin Dies (D-RX)

Vice President Henry Wallace

Wendell L. Willkie

John L. Lewis

Yanks storm Jap-held hill on New Britain

Marines open drive to oust foe from western end of island
By Don Caswell, United Press staff writer

Job draft proposal called union price for political rule

Labor taken for a ride, says Senator, who finds everyone suffering from administration errors
By Senator Ralph O. Brewster (R-ME)

Army and Navy Journal: Allies consider plan to occupy all of Germany

In Washington –
Demand forecast for huge soldier bonus after war

VFW serves notice on Senate group; House advocates for high mustering out pay ready to insist on $700 maximum

Senate moves to place taxes on hobby funds

Amendment aimed originally at publisher Marshall Field

Fair sex unfair!

By Maxine Garrison

New stars shining in Hollywood

Big shakeup in talent marks past year
By Erskine Johnson