America at war! (1941--) -- Part 2

Thrasher: Roosevelt stars as collector in capital exhibit

By James Thrasher

‘$1-billion’ club obtains 7 new members

Businesses with huge assets now number record high of 38

Demand for newspapers boomed because of war

Advantages of freedom of speech in U.S. are cited in bank’s survey

Army may recover tools sold as junk

Time to kick!

By Maxine Garrison

Millett: Servicemen oppose their women joining

Want wives to remain out of uniform
By Ruth Millett

Women aren’t signing up for the WACs and WAVES in the numbers they should. And I’m afraid there will be talk that American women are spoiled, lazy, and just plain not willing to do their part.

But what can you expect women to do – when their men feel like the five corporals and two sergeants who signed the letter below?

They refer to a column I wrote quoting a soldier who disapproved of his wife’s joining the WACs.

We completely agree with our brother soldier-in-arms that our wives’ places are in the home. When and if we get passes or furloughs, we like to have a home to go to. We see khaki, eat khaki, sleep khaki, live khaki and when we go home, we like to find a completely feminine wife waiting there for us, and we don’t want her “gallivanting” all over the country.

Of course, we want our wives to play the traditional role of “women in wartime.” We do not object to their working in war plants, or in war-essential jobs. But you would have us completely break up our homes having nothing at all to come back to when the war is over. We feel the need is not acute enough for our wives to have to be regimented.

You will never convince the soldiers that their wives should be in their services, as long as there are young single women doing nothing. We have yet to find a soldier who is in favor of his wife or sweetheart joining the services.

Now that is only one of the many letters I have recently received. As long as many men feel that way, a lot of women aren’t going to pay any attention to Uncle Sam’s plea for more women in uniform. They can’t afford to.


Establishing an Advisory Board on Just Compensation and prescribing its functions

The War Shipping Administration was established to insure the fullest utilization of our shipping facilities for the successful prosecution of the war. Substantially all the vessels of the United States Merchant Marine, including many fishing boats and other small craft, have been requisitioned by the United States through the Administrator, War Shipping Administration. In some cases this requisition was only of the use of the vessel, in others it included full title. In determining the amount of just compensation which the United States is required to pay under applicable statutes, numerous questions of fact and law must be solved. By obtaining guidance in these matters, the operations of the War Shipping Administration will be greatly facilitated and the determination of the proper compensation to be paid for individual vessels will be more speedily accomplished.

NOW, THEREFORE, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the statutes and particularly by the First War Powers Act 1941, as President of the United States and Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy, it is hereby ordered as follows:

  1. There is hereby established a Board, to be known as the Advisory Board on Just Compensation (hereinafter referred to as the Board), whose composition, powers, functions and responsibilities are defined herein.

  2. The Board shall consist of the following members: Judge Learned Hand, Judge John J. Parker, and Judge Joseph C. Hutcheson Jr. The members of the Board shall serve for a period of three months or for such lesser period of time as may be required for the completion of the Functions of the Board as set forth in paragraph 4 of this order.

  3. The Board shall be furnished by the War Shipping Administration with such professional, technical, clerical, stenographic and other personnel as may be selected by the Board to assist it in carrying out its functions.

  4. The Board, in accordance with the applicable provisions of the Constitution and the laws of the United States, shall establish fair and equitable standards, rules and formulae of general applicability for the guidance of the War Shipping Administration in determining the just compensation to be paid for all vessels requisitioned, purchased, chartered or insured by the Administration. The Board may prescribe such rules, regulations and procedures as it deems necessary or advisable in carrying out its functions.

  5. In determining the amount of just compensation which should be paid for each vessel, the War Shipping Administration will be guided by the General standards, rules and formulae established by the Board.

The White House
October 15, 1943

Völkischer Beobachter (October 16, 1943)

Bei einem Terrorangriff auf Schweinfurt –
Amerikaner erlitten ihre bisher schwerste Luftniederlage

Die Hälfte der angreifenden Bomber abgeschossen

Die Verräter Europas schwer betroffen –
Pharisäertum winselt in London und Washington

Von unserer Stockholmer Schriftleitung

The Pittsburgh Press (October 16, 1943)

Germans try to break off for retreat

Allies press enemy back from primary front on road to Rome
By Richard D. McMillan, United Press staff writer

Fliers blast path to Japs’ Rabaul base

Raids on shipping, plane bases may presage invasion
By Don Caswell, United Press staff writer

Lewis, WLB order miners to reopen struck pits

UMW president urges strikers return to jobs Monday

A tough trio –
Nye heads quiz of Lend-Lease

Truman and Tydings named to Senate committee

Allies believe –
Nazi Air Force on ‘last legs’

Germans scraping bottom for fighter planes
By Edward W. Beattie, United Press staff writer

Ten on plane die in crash

Airliner falls in rough area in Tennessee

Navy blimp crashes off Jersey coast

Colin Kelly’s widow weds naval officer

Makin Island raid confirmed by Navy

Common council of Allies urged by Wendell Willkie

Roosevelt administration leaves U.S. unprepared for post-war era, he charges

Those of easy faith

By Florence Fisher Parry

Italian plane ‘invades’ Bettis Field – for study

Macchi M.C., captured in North Africa, used to instruct students far from battle