America at war! (1941– ) (Part 1)

New York puts curfew on New Year’s parties

New York (UP) –
There will be no all-night New Year’s Eve parties this year in New York’s bars and nightclubs.

The state liquor authority voted today to refrain from granting all-night permits this year as a war measure. That means all places where liquor is served must close as usual at 4 a.m. on Jan. 1.

3 Marines die in crash

Washington –
The Navy announced today that three Marine Corps officers were killed when a small transport planes in which they were flying from Washington to Parris Island, South Carolina, crashed yesterday in the vicinity of Indian Head, Maryland.

U.S. admits troops stationed in Liberia

With U.S. forces in Liberia (UP) –
A large force of artillery-equipped U.S. Negro soldiers led by white officers, which arrived here several months ago, is firmly established in this strategic West African Negro republic.

They set about protecting this vital link in the United Nations lifeline across Africa and by agreement with the Liberian government, safeguarding the Negro republic’s neutrality and its rubber plantations.

The State Department in Washington announced an agreement between the United States and Liberia whereby this country may build, operate and defense air bases in Liberia. British reports some two months ago told of the presence of U.S. troops in Liberia.

The State Department disclosed that the German consular staff recently left Liberia and that Axis influence there has thus been eliminated.

Purple Heart awarded Butler man in Alaska

Rules on civilian defense

Sacramento, California –
Attorney General Earl Warren has ruled that a California city performing civilian defense work is engaged in a governmental function and is immune from suit for damages suffered by its employees as a result of such work.

Plane production doubled in year

Official testifies –
War power act is not aimed at newspapers

Justice Department asks House committee to approve bill

Farm bill approved

Washington –
The House today passed and sent to the Senate legislation directing that farm wages be included in calculation of parity prices for farm products and defining wages as those not only of hired hands, but of “operators and owners.” The bill would increase parity, one basis on which farm product price ceilings are based.

Tornadoes kill nine

Washington –
Tornadoes struck small towns in North Carolina, Georgia and South Carolina Tuesday night, killing nine persons, injuring 135 and leaving at least 100 families homeless, a Red Cross spokesman here said today.

Poison fume theory studied in cabaret fire

138 remaining in hospitals have developed lung ailments

Boston, Massachusetts (UP) –
The possibility that poisonous fumes emanated from burning decorations and caused many of the 491 deaths in the Cocoanut Grove Nightclub fire was advanced today by medical experts, chemists and pathologists.

The latest victim was Lt. William Langheimer, of Winchester, Massachusetts, Army officer who was one of the 78 persons under treatment for burns and pneumonia.

Indications that gaseous fume swept the club immediate after the first broke out Saturday night developed after it was disclosed that a number of the 138 still in hospitals had developed lung ailments.

Something deadly in smoke

Medical examiners said there was something deadly in the smoke from the fire, possibly fumes from smoldering fireproofing paint that “gassed the victims as soldiers were gassed in the last war.”

Dr. Timothy Leary, medical examiner of Suffolk County, said:

There is no question there was something poisonous in that smoke besides carbon monoxide and flame. It is possible that the cases came from the fireproofing paint or furnishings in the club.

Dr. Leary disclosed that a thorough investigation was being made by medical authorities. Autopsies have already been made on scores of bodies and the evidence is being double-checked, he said.

Jury to get findings

When the evidence is finally completed, it will be submitted to a grand jury together with other information obtained during inquiries in the last two days by state authorities.

One official said that the state investigators had already obtained evidence that “was enough for presentation” to the jury that convened yesterday., State Attorney General Robert R. Bushnell hinted at “indictments for manslaughter” against an undetermined number of persons, possibly some public officials.

One inquiry developed five pertinent factors. Testimony indicated that: The club was of tinderbox construction; some doors were apparently locked; the club was overcrowded; the club’s decorations were last known to have been fireproofed four years ago; some question of whether electric wiring was installed by an expert.

Nation can’t dictate peace terms, Nye says

Washington (UP) –
Senator Gerald P. Nye (R-ND), a leading pre-war isolationist, said last night the only way America could dictate peace terms when the Axis has been defeated would be to “turn loose and beat the life out of Russia, China, Britain – the whole world.”

Addressing a meeting of the English-Speaking Union, he said:

We are going to make the kind of peace which our Allies will let us make.

Senator Nye criticized “unadulterated, blown-in-the-bottle American eagles… like Wendell L. Willkie and Henry Luce,” who, he said, have been:

…screaming that the British must quit fighting to preserve the British Empire, and join with us in some not-clearly-defined but “larger” cause if they expect us to stay with them in this fight.

Asserting that from the outset Britain’s “first purpose” in the war was to preserve her empire, Senator Nye said:

There was no right for anyone to assume that our entry into the war would alter that purpose.

U.S. vessel sunk; subs are attacked

Twin-engined U.S. fighter makes critics eat words

U.S. pilots in North Africa praise ‘Lightnings’ as bomber escorts and ground strafers
By John A. Parris, United Press staff writer

Prisoner gives life testing Navy’s serum

Tunisia roadside ditches handy as strafers appear

French farmer is host to correspondents close to front
By William H. Stoneman

Fliers blast 11 Axis ships

British test defenses of Rommel in Libya

America puts Japs in China on defensive

Only one U.S. pilot lost in widespread air operations
By Robert P. Martin, United Press staff writer

Marines blast Jap outposts

New U.S. offensive near on Guadalcanal

Smashing the Axis –
Aluminum output increased greatly by new processes

Production of vital lightweight material is seven to eight miles greater than in 1939; near miracles produced by manufacturers
By Charles T. Lucey, Scripps-Howard staff writer

Editorial: U.S.-Canadian partners