America at war! (1941– ) (Part 1)

Republic Aviation-Seversky court action now settled

Torpedo victims, adrift 20 days, eat raw fish, ‘seaweed salad’

Women, children among 137 lost as U-boast sinks ship

102 survivors landed after passenger vessel is torpedoed off Canada

Clergyman enlists as private in Army

Corinth, New York (UP) –
The Rev. Walter A. Miller, former pastor of the First Baptist Church, enlisted today as a private, waiving claims for dependency as well as exemption rights because of his vocation. His grandfather, the late Rev. Asher Cook, served as a private in the Civil War.

MacArthur fliers blast big Jap ship in North Solomons

Attack enemy-occupied villages in New Guinea as Aussies forge on

Errol Flynn faces charge by girl, 17

Hollywood, California (UP) –
Errol Flynn returned to the heroics of the soundstages today under $1,000 bail, charged with criminal assault upon Betty Hansen, 17-year-old movie-struck waitress, who quit her job for the chance to meet him.

She accused him of taking her upstairs after a dinner party in the Bel Air mansion of wealthy sportsman Fred McEvoy and there engaging in what District Attorney John F. Dockweiler called statutory rape. Three other studio workers, held with Flynn for arraignment on the same charges next Friday, admitted having had illicit relations with her.

Flynn said Miss Hansen’s story left him dumbfounded.

He said:

I hardly knew her. We exchanged only a few words when we were introduced at dinner. I was with Mr. McEvoy all evening and I left before any of the other guests.

Miss Hansen told her story first to the grand jurymen, who wouldn’t believe her, and then to the district attorney, who did – the sordid tale of a high school girl willing to go to any lengths to become a movie actress.

Miss Hansen said she gladly submitted to the men she accused, because she believed that might help her become a picture star.

Editorial: Japanese should tell their troubles to our Marines

Reports leaking through the Japanese censorship from the territories now occupied by the Nipponese, and from Japan itself, indicate that an intensive campaign is underway to increase the number of English-speaking subjects of the Mikado. The courses in the Japanese language opened in the schools of their newly conquered lands, especially in the Philippines and the Dutch East Indies, and in special columns of newspapers, are said to have fizzled out quickly and miserably.

The Japanese language is said to be the only one in which even a highly educated man may be able to pronounce more words than he can write. This is due to the fact that the letter signs used by the Japanese, which are adaptations of the Chinese root signs adopted by the Japanese centuries ago, are so complicated and difficult as to make anything like exact meanings almost impossible.

The Chinese letter signs, so Orientalists inform us, have three meanings at most, while the same signs in Japanese oblige the unfortunate reader to guess as best he may between 16 to 20 possible interpretations. Therefore, say recently-returned American experts in Far Eastern life and affairs, in order to carry on their task of ruling their conquered populations, the Japanese are driven to employ the English language, the common vehicle of intercommunication in the Orient, at least in the popular version called “pidgin English.”

Some of the Japanese propagandists supply an explanation of the dilemma that is more gratifying to Japanese pride and self-confidence. According to them, as it will be necessary not only to conquer and acquire their “Greater Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere,” but also to invade the United States, and dictate peace terms in the White House in Washington, DC, as Premier Tōjō has proclaimed, why, naturally, they must be forehanded in building up a corps of interpreters between the divine sons of the Sun Goddess and the democratic barbarians of the United States.

Perhaps they had better tell that story to our Marines! What the Marines will say, or rather do, is already being made plain – what they say, could hardly be repeated in a family newspaper. In Japanese Sign Language, we might escape the censor, but not in English.

Völkischer Beobachter (October 18, 1942)

Neue japanische Offensive im Pazifik –
Entscheidungsschlacht um Guadalcanar

Von unserer Stockholmer Schriftleitung

Stockholm, 17. Oktober –
Alle Anzeichen deuten darauf hin, daß die Japaner elne neue große Offensive im Stillen Ozean eingeleitet haben, die – wie englische und amerikanische Beobachter schreiben – von entscheidendster Bedeutung für die weitere Kampfentwicklung in diesem Gebiet ist.

Nachdem das amerikanische Marineministerium die letzten Tage hindurch nur sehr spärliche Nachrichten über die Lage auf der Insel Guadalcanar und im Umkreis der Salomoninseln herausgegeben hat‚ veröffentlichte es am Freitag einen ersten ausführlicheren Bericht, aus dem hervorgeht, daß:

…große Mengen feindlichen Truppenmaterials auf der Insel Guadalcanar gelandet wurden, und daß die amerikanischen Stellungen unter dem Feuer der auf der Insel befindlichen japanischen Artillerie liegen.

Weitere starke japanischer Flottenstreitkräfte seien auf dem Weg zu den Salomoninseln und noch etwa 600 Kilometer von Guadalcanar entfernt.

Aus einer amerikanischen Meldung aus Washington geht klar hervor, mit Welcher Unruhe man nicht nur in der amerikanischen Öffentlichkeit, sondern auch in Militärkreisen die Entwicklung der Kämpfe verfolgt. Man sei sich durchaus im klaren darüber, so heißt es darin, daß die USA. hier ihren bisher größten und wichtigsten Einsatz zu Lande zu leisten hätten und daß die amerikanischen Streitkräfte einem gewaltigen Druck starker und zahlreicher japanischer Truppen ausgesetzt seien. Washington sei, so wie die Dinge lägen, nicht bereit‚ irgend welche Versprechungen über den Ausgang der Kämpfe abzugeben und vermeide verfrühten Optimismus. Immerhin aber ist es der amerikanischen Offentlichkeit ein kleiner Trost, daß sich der BefehIshaber für die amerikanischen Flottenstreitkräfte im Stillen Ozean‚ Admiral Nimitz, und der Befehlshaber für die Luftstreitkräfte‚ Admiral MacCain, zu rosigen Voraussagen bereitgefunden und voller Bestimmtheit erklärt haben. daß die amerikanischen Marinetruppen auf jeden Fall ihre Stellungen auf den Salomoninseln halten werden. Admiral Nimitz wurde durch die Ereignisse aber schon mehrfach Lügen gestraft.

Auch in London findet die Einleitung der neuen japanischen Offensive große Beachtung. Nachdem man wochenlang nur zu gern den prahlerischen Erklärungen MacArthurs und seiner Sprecher geglaubt hatte, daß die Initiative des Stillen Ozeans in den Händen der Alliierten läge, stellt man nun aufgeschreckt fest, daß die Japaner gar nicht daran denken. sich die Initiative nehmen zu lassen und daß sie mit ungebrochener Kraft, zahlreichen neuen Streitkräften und glänzend ausgerüsteten Truppen den Kampf um die Beherrschung der Salomoninseln aufgenommen haben.

Nach der Meinung vieler Londoner Sachverständigen so schreibt der Londoner Berichterstatter der Dagens Nyheter, wird der Ausgang der Schlacht darüber entscheiden, ob die Japaner so zur Defensive gezwungen werden können, daß die Amerikaner in der Lage sind, eine Offensive von dem australischen Hauptstützpunkt aus in die Wege zu leiten. Eine endgültige amerikanische Kontrolle über den wichtigen Flugstützpunkt Guadalcanar würde bedeuten, daß alle japanischen Angriffe westlich der Linie Salomoninseln-Neukaledonien-Neuseeland aufgehalten werden könnten. Damit wäre die wichtige alliierte Transportlinie Amerika-Australien gesichert und:

…eine Offensive gegen die Stellungen der Japaner nur noch eine Zeitfrage.

Noch aber ist der Kampf um Guadalcanar in einem vorbereitendet. Stadium‚ und im Gegensatz zu den eben zitierten Wunschträumen mancher Kreise beschäftigt man sich, wie Dagens Nyheter ebenfalls aus London berichtet, vor allem mit der Frage‚ ob es den Amerikanern möglich sein werde, den Flugplatz der Insel‚ der zugleich der wichtigste Luftstützpunkt der Salomoninseln ist, zu halten, und ob es ihnen gelingen werde‚ weitere Streitkräfte an Land zu bringen. Zunächst gehe der Kampf darum, wer von den beiden Gegnern als erster größere Verstärkungen heranholen könnte.

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U.S. Navy Department (October 18, 1942)

Communiqué No. 159

South Pacific.
The Japanese are continuing to bomb our airfield and shore positions on Guadalcanal Island and it is believed that enemy troops and equipment are being disposed for a strong assault against our airfield.

There have been no reports of enemy landings on Guadalcanal since October 15, but heavy concentrations of enemy ships are still reported in the Buin-Shortland area.

On October 16, Army Flying Fortresses and Navy and Marine Corps aircraft repeatedly attacked the enemy troops and equipment which have been assembled in force on the northwest end of Guadalcanal.

On October 17:

  1. During the early morning about 14 enemy bombers escorted by 3 fighters attacked our airfield and shore positions. U.S. fighters and antiaircraft batteries reported the destruction of all of the bombers and 2 of the fighters.

  2. During the early afternoon another group of about 15 enemy bombers and a number of fighters carried out a second raid on our positions. One enemy bomber was reported probably destroyed and 1 U.S. plane was lost during the morning and afternoon raids.

Communiqué No. 160

North Pacific.
On October 16, Army “Marauder” bombers carried out low-altitude bombing attacks on two Japanese destroyers to the northwestward of Kiska. The attacks lasted about 45 minutes and resulted in five hits on one of the destroyers and four hits on the other. Heavy explosions and fires resulted and when last seen both ships were stopped and burning and the crews were abandoning ship. One “Marauder” was lost.

Brooklyn Eagle (October 18, 1942)

U.S. Navy goes into action in battle for Guadalcanal

Our planes still operate from isle – losses are small

Queens nurse describes Bataan, Corregidor ‘hells’

Lt. Summers tells of 100 operations a night in jungle

House votes 18-19 draft by 345–16

Restrictions on use of youths rejected in four-hour debate

Report U.S. troops now in Liberia

The BBC tonight broadcast a British Reuters News Agency dispatch from Monrovia, announcing that American troops have arrived in Liberia. The dispatch gave no details.

The CBS quoted the British radio as saving that “it is probable” that the German consul general and his staff:

…will shortly be asked to leave Liberia.

It said that other Germans were evacuated from the country some weeks ago and that President Roosevelt’s representative, name ungiven, had just concluded extensive discussions with the President of Liberia.

Biddle asks U.S. tighten spy laws

Washington (UP) – (Oct. 17)
Attorney General Francis Biddle tonight asked Congress to enact legislation providing penalties of death or life imprisonment for anyone committing acts of sabotage or espionage, or otherwise aiding the enemy.

He sent to House Speaker Sam Rayburn (D-TX) and Chairman Frederick Van Nuys (D-IN) of the Senate Judiciary Committee a proposed law, entitled the War Security Act, which would plug loopholes in existing laws and strengthen internal security in time of war.

The inadequacy of present law was revealed by legal technicalities which arose after the recent capture of the eight Nazi saboteurs and the arrest of their 14 confederates.

Allied planes smash at Holland railroads

U-boats plowed among children, women struggling in icy sea

Tax conferees reach complete accord on bill

They reinstate levy on freight to pick up $98,000,000 more

Allied mortars pound Japs atop Stanley Heights

U.S. bombers strike at villages on river valley supply route

15 reported drowned in three-state flood

Potomac, other rivers recede slowly – damage in Washington is negligible

24 Boro, Long Island women enlist in the WAVES

Daughter of Patrol Corps auxiliary chief is among recruits