23 August 1941
Rastenburg , East Prussia : Adolf Hitler rejected Heinz Guderian’s advice to attack Moscow, Russia; instead, he moved troops to the south.
Leningrad , USSR : STAVKA re organises Leningraf Front as Leningrad Front in south and Karelian Front in north
Atlantic Ocean : Battle of convoy OG71 (Outbound Gibraltar 71) started west of Portugal. German submarine U-201 torpedoed and sunk British cargo ships Aldergrove and Stork. U-564 torpedoed and sunk Norwegian cargo ship Spind and Royal Navy corvette HMS Zinnia escorting the convoy. U-143 torpedoed and sunk Norwegian cargo ship Inger.
Mediterranean Sea : Royal Navy submarine HMS Tetrarch attacked an Axis convoy with torpedoes in Gulf of Sirte off Libya , sinking two coasters. A RAF Bleinheim bomber from Malta also attacked the convoy , bombed and sunk another coaster
Baltic Sea : Finnish cargo ship Cisil struck a mine and sunk off Kolberg , Germany. Soviet minesweeper T-204 struck a mine and sunk off Kronstadt.
24 August 1941
Ukraine : Romanian forces suffered heavy losses during the Soviet counter attack near Odessa, Ukraine. Meanwhile General Guderian’s 2nd Panzer Group crosses Dnieper river and begins its attack into deep Ukraine to cut through rear of Soviet Southern Front
France : Vichy France passed anti-terrorist laws, punishable with death sentences, to deal with the resistance movement.
Germany : Adolf Hitler ordered the end of the euthanasia program that had already killed 70,273 mentally-ill people. Some doctors would continue to kill the mentally-ill through the end of the European War.
Tobruk , Libya : Relief of 9th Australian Division back to Egypt and replacing it with 70th British Infantry Division and Polish and Czech brigades continued. At night time a convoy of eight ships took hundreds of Australians from Tobruk back to Alexandria.
Baltic Sea : Soviet destroyer Engels struck a mine and sunk off Estonia. Two more Soviet minesweepers T-214 and T-209 also struck mines and both sunk off Keri island. Soviet cargo ship VT-532 was bombed and sunk Luftwaffe JU-88 bombers off Prangil island