10 January 1942
Tokyo , Japan : Japanese goverment declared war on the Netherlands.
UK : Royal Navy Fighter School’s commanding officer Lieutenant Commander H. P. Bramwell made the first landing of a modified Spitfire fighter aboard carrier HMS Illustrious in the River Clyde, Scotland, United Kingdom. The success led to the development of the carrier version of the Spitfire design, Seafire.
South China Sea : US submarine USS Stingray torpedoed and sank Japanese cargo ship Harbin Maru 40 miles south of Hainan, China.
Arctic Ocean : German submarine U-584 sank Soviet submarine M-175 75 miles north of Murmansk, Russia at 0722 hours; all 21 aboard were killed.
Philippines : US-Filipino troops held the Abucay-Mauban defensive line on the Bataan peninsula on Luzon, Philippine Islands.
Panaman cargo ship Daylite struck a mine and sank in Manila Bay
Douglas MacArthur traveled from Corregidor to Bataan in the Philippine Islands, visiting forward command posts, speaking to officers but generally refusing to speak to enlisted men. When subjected to sporadic Japanese shelling when walking across a small clearing, he was observed to walk confidently without flinching.
US submarine USS Pickerel sank Japanese gunboat Kanko Maru off Davao Gulf, Mindanao, Philippine Islands
Malaya : Japanese tanks and infantry attacked the remnants of the Indian 11th Division at Serendah, Selangor, Malaya, 15 miles north of Kuala Lumpur, which was being evacuated along with Port Swettenham. Out to sea in the Gulf of Siam, Free Dutch Navy submarine O 19 torpedoed and sank Japanese freighters Akita Maru and Tairyu Maru.
Dutch East Indies : On Dutch Borneo, substantial Japanese forces, supported by two heavy cruisers and eight destroyers, landed on Tarakan; the island, with its oilfields, was under complete Japanese control within twenty-four hours.
Mediterranean Sea : Royal Navy destroyer Legion and Free Dutch Navy destroyer Isaac Sweers attacked German submarine U-374 with 43 deptch charges northeast of Sidi Barrani, Egypt between 1700 and 2000 hours; U-374 escaped, but the damage sustained caused her to lose the ability to submerge
Royal Navy submarine HMS Thrasher torpedoed and sank Italian ship Fedora 120 miles west of Patras, Greece.
Libya : Erwin Rommel wrote a letter to his wife, expressing optimism despite Allied success in Operation Crusader, mentioning General Ludwig Cruewell’s bout with jaundice, and the cold nights in the desert of North Africa.
Moscow Front , Russia : Soviet 29th Army attacked north of Rhzev, Russia while Soviet 39th Army moved northwest of the city, aiming to surround the German 9th Army based in the city. Red Army advance threteans German base at Mozhaisk.
South West England : After sundown, German bombers attacked several cities and towns in England, United Kingdom; oil pipelines were damaged at Ellesmere Port in western England while utility services were interrupted in Liverpool just to the north.
Wilhelmshaven , Germany : Wilhelmshaven, Germany was bombed for the first time by main force aircraft of British RAF Bomber Command; the raid would last through the early hours of the next date.