Election Day 1942 (11-3-42)

The Pittsburgh Press (November 3, 1942)


Nation casts light vote; GOP gains seen

Test faced by administration; Democrats likely to retain full control in Congress
By Lyle C. Wilson, United Press staff writer

New York –
The nation was casting a light vote today for national, state and local offices, some of which will have an important bearing on the 1944 presidential election.

New York State reported light early voting.

The same condition was reported from Michigan, where Detroit counted only 53,000 votes cast up to 11 a.m., compared with 79,000 in 1938, the last off-year election.

Michigan provided the first precinct to report. It was Bad Axe, which went Republican by one vote. Seven ballots were cast for Judge Homer Ferguson for U.S. Senate and Harry F. Kelly for Governor, Republican candidates. The Democratic incumbents, Senator Prentiss M. Brown and Governor Murray D. Van Wagoner, got six votes apiece.

Roosevelt, Willkie vote

Reports of light voting were received from Massachusetts, Missouri, Texas and Illinois. Voting started light in Pennsylvania but began to pick up toward noon.

President Roosevelt voted in Hyde Park. He called himself a “farmer,” Mrs. Roosevelt’s absentee ballot failed to arrive.

Wendell Willkie cast his ballot in New York City.

The election is heavily weighted with presidential politics.

Scattered contests beat directly on President Roosevelt’s future control of important segments of his party.

Republicans look to today’s polling to raise new popular leaders before the public and to start the GOP on the comeback trail.

Candidates of all parties are uniformly pledged to continue the fight until the Axis is licked.

GOP likely to gain

The Democratic Party is expected to lost some Senate and House seats but to retain control of Congress. There is also scattered weakening of Democratic state bulwarks and the Republican Party is expected to add to its list of governors, notably in New York, where Democrats have been in power 20 years.

In addition to thousands of local offices, the electorate will choose 31 full-term and four short-term Senators, 432 full-term and two short-term members of the House and 32 governors. Maine elected a Governor, a Senator and three members of the House – all Republicans – Sept. 14.

Democrats safe in Senate

The newly-elected Senators and Representatives with those members of the Senate whose terms hold over beyond this year will comprise the 78th Congress which will convene the first week of January.

The Senate will remain Democratic regardless of how far the political pendulum may swing today. The existing Democratic majority is so large that the Republicans would be unable to take over in the upper house even if they won every seat for which they are given any chance at all.

Of the seats at issue today, eight are in the South where Democratic nominees are unopposed. The pulse feelers variously predict Republican gains of 2-6 seats and the GOP says it will take eight.

Wilson error avoided

In the House, the Republicans hold 165 seats, far short of the 218 required for a bare majority over all parties. The Democrats have 258 seats. There are five minor party representatives and seven vacancies.

Unless some of the minor party Representatives would join with them, the GOP would require 53 additional seats to organize the House when it meets in January and to supplant Speaker Sam Rayburn with Joseph W. Martin Jr. (R-MA), who is presently the Republican floor leader.

Republican spokesmen have generally not claimed they would win the House this year and both parties have been cautious in seeking votes to avoid the 1918 mistake of Woodrow Wilson, who called for election of members of his own party as part of the war effort.

19-35 seat gain seen

But Vice Chairman Frank E. Gannett says the Republicans will gain a minimum of 25 seats and probably do better. Some other Republicans privately express the opinion that they have 19-20 seats in the bag and good chance but no assurance of bettering that figure.

The extent of Republican gains in the House will be accepted here and abroad as a measure of American judgment of the war policies of the Roosevelt administration. But it is also a fact that the majority party in Congress usually loses seats in an off-year election.

Only once in the past 40 years has such a majority been increased, in off-year polling.

Dewey victory seen

Top billing among the states goes to the New York contest for Governor in which Republican Thomas E. Dewey, the former District Attorney, looks like a sure winner over John J. Bennett Jr., Democrat, and Dean Alfange, American Labor Party.

Mr. Dewey may come up two years from now with the presidential nomination if he wins today. His backers are claiming a plurality of around 600,000 which should be a victory sufficiently spectacular to impress the name of Dewey deeply from coast to coast.

Fish seat at stake

Highlighting the individual Congressional contests was the campaign for reelection from President Roosevelt’s home district by Rep. Hamilton Fish (R-NY), leader of pre-war isolationists.

There was also wide interest in the effort of Clare Booth Luce, author and playwright, to win the Congressional seat now held by Rep. Leroy D. Downs (D-CT). Mrs. Luce last night received an endorsement from Wendell Willkie.

In the Senate, Nebraska’s George W. Norris faces a nip-and-tuck fight to stay in Congress, where he has served 30 years.

Party’s report spending

The 81-year-old independent has received Mr. Roosevelt’s endorsement, but Republicans and Democrats both have entered candidates against him, and his defeat would be regarded as an administration reversal.

Meanwhile, the Democrats reported the spending of $503,278 and the Republicans $116,301 between Jan. 1 and Oct. 29. Receipts of the Democratic National Committee during the period were $528,580. The Republicans received $126,811.


Pennsylvania goes to polls in ‘off-year’

Early balloting is light but independents are out in force

Pennsylvania voters went to the polls in an “off-year” election which produced a new low record in public interest.

While scattered reports from polling places appeared to justify the forecast of a light vote, political leaders in some sections said they were encouraged by the turnout.

Some of the so-called independent districts reported heavier voting than the “machine” wards, a reversal of the normal term.

Early voting indicated a probable 50% turnout of the qualified electorate, but some observers believed the total might shoot up to 60%, the result of the general last-minute drive to get out the vote.

Polls close at 8:00 p.m.

The polls opened at 7:00 a.m. and will stay open until 8:00 p.m. EWT.

Voting machines were in use throughout Pittsburgh, McKeesport, Clairton and Duquesne, ballots elsewhere in Allegheny County.

The weather was mild and conducive to a good turnout of electors, although forecasts indicated scattered showers later in the day.

Choice is Martin or Ross

Those who went to the polls in Pennsylvania were choosing between Maj. Gen. Edward Martin of Washington and Auditor General F. Clair Ross of Butler for Governor.

The winner was generally expected to carry into office his complete statewide ticket, including candidates for Lieutenant-Governor, Secretary of Internal Affairs, the State Supreme Court, the State Superior Court and Congressman-at-large.

In addition to the Republican and Democratic parties, three minor parties entered statewide candidates, although only the Prohibition Party had a complete statewide slate.

U.S. watches Congress races

The preempted Socialist-Labor and United Pension ($60 at 60) had candidates for Governor and Lieutenant-Governor.

Nationally, interest in Pennsylvania’s election centered in the Congressional races, generally expected to produce a Republican gain. This state is electing only 33 Congressmen today, a reduction of one from the delegation allotted Pennsylvania the last 10 years.

In Allegheny County, the voting was spread out through 1,012 districts. There are 8,223 polling places in the state.

Altogether, 4,642,000 citizens were eligible to vote, but forecasts of the turnout ranging from 40 to 60%.

Leaders in both major parties, closing their campaigns last night with last-minute radio blasts at opponents and appeals to the electorate to vote, exhibited confidence of victory.

Gasoline rationing in Eastern Pennsylvania was expected to hold down the activity of partisan poll workers and even in this section politician legmen were under wraps, because of the tire-saving campaign.

Fewer than 10,000 of the hundreds of thousands of Pennsylvanians in the military services have applied for ballots – only 1,500 in Allegheny County.

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So these elections in the news have nothing today with midterms but these will be held in November next year.

Sorry for the 79 year jump


Here are the banners again, just in case folks thought this was 2022 :rofl:



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49 needed for majority. 35 races at stake

Party Not Up For Election Total Control Gain/Loss
Republicans 20 38 +9
Democrats 41 57 -8
Progressives 1 1 0
Others 0 0 -1


Race Candidate Vote Vote% Opponent Vote Vote%
Alabama (D) Bankhead (incumbent) 69,212 100% 0 0%
Arkansas (D) McClellan 99,124 100% 0 0%
Colorado (regular) (D) Johnson (incumbent) 174,612 50.23% (R) Carr – 170,970, (S) Whithead – 1,387, (C) Allander – 627 49.19% (R), 0.40% (S), 0.18% (C)
Colorado (special) (R) Millikin (incumbent) 191,517 56.12% (D) Marsh – 143,817, (I) Tiley – 4,262, (S) Sherman – 1,664 42.14% (D), 1.25% (I), 0.49% (S)
Delaware (R) Buck 46,210 54.17% (D) Berl – 38,322, (P) Sard – 776 44.92% (D), 0.91% (P)
Georgia (D) Russell (incumbent) 59,870 96.94% (I) Shivers – 1,892 3.06%
Idaho (R) Thomas (incumbent) 73,353 51.53% (D) Taylor – 68,989 48.47%
Illinois (R) Brooks (incumbent) 1,582,887 53.24% (D) McKeough – 1,380,011, (P) Holtwick – 10,331, Others – 32 46.41% (D), 0.35% (P)
Iowa (R) Wilson 410,383 57.97% (D) Herring (incumbent) – 295,194, (P) Heptonstall – 1,461, (IP) Seeman – 821, Others – 4 41.70% (D), 0.21% (P), 0.12% (IP)
Kansas (R) Capper (incumbent) 284,059 57.11% (D) McGill – 200,437, (P) Hester – 12,863 40.30% (D), 2.59% (P)
Kentucky (D) Chandler (incumbent) 216,958 55.34% (R) Colbert – 175,081 44.66%
Louisiana (D) Ellender (incumbent) 85,488 100%
Maine (R) White (incumbent) 111,520 66.67% (D) Redman – 55,754 33.33% (D)
Massachusetts (R) Lodge (incumbent) 721,239 52.44% (D) Casey – 641,042, (S) Paine – 4,802, (SL) Hillis – 4,781, (P) Thompson – 3,577 46.61% (D), 0.35% (S), 0.35% (SL), 0.26% (P)
Michigan (R) Ferguson 589,652 49.55% (D) Brown – 561,595 47.19% (D)
Minnesota (special) (R) Nelson 372,240 56.12% (FL) Hansen – 177,008, (D) O’Rourke – 114,086 26.68% (FL), 17.20% (D)
Minnesota (regular) (R) Hall (incumbent) 356,297 46.98% (FL) Benson – 213,965, (I) Nelson – 109,226, (D) Murphy – 78,959 28.21% (FL), 14.40% (I), 10.41% (D),
Mississippi (D) Eastland (incumbent) 51,355 100%
Montana (D) Murray (incumbent) 83,673 49.07% (R) Rankin – 82,461, (P) Miller – 2,711, (S) Helterbran – 1,669 48.36% (R), 1.59% (P), 0.98% (S)
Nebraska (R) Wherry 186,207 48.87% (I) Norris (incumbent) – 108,899, (D) May – 83,768, (I) Ruthven – 1,348 28.64% (I), 22.03% (D), 0.33% (I)
Nevada (special) (D) Scrugham 23,805 58.72% (R) Creel – 16,735 41,28%
New Hampshire (R) Bridges (incumbent) 88,601 54.61% (D) Murphy – 73,656 45.39%
New Jersey (R) Hawkes 648,855 53.09% (D) Smathers (incumbent) – 559,851, (S) Becker – 6,775, (IP) Harris – 3,224, (P) Bateman – 1,438, (SL) Butterworth – 1,310, (SW) Breitman – 679 45,81% (D), 0.55% (S), 0.26% (IP), 0.12% (P), 0.11% (SL), 0.06% (SW)
New Mexico (D) Hatch (incumbent) 63,901 52.41% (R) Newell – 57,474 47.59%
North Carolina (D) Bailey (incumbent) 230,427 65.91% (R) Morris – 119,165 34.09%
Oklahoma (R) Moore 204,163 54.83% (D) Lee (incumbent) – 166,653, (P) Lawton – 1,549 44.76% (D), 0.42% (P)
Oregon (R) McNary (incumbent) 214,755 77.06% (D) Whitbeck – 63,946 22.94%
Rhode Island (D) Green (incumbent) 138,247 57.97% (R) Letts – 100,240 42.03%
South Carolina (D) Maybank (incumbent) 22,556 99.9%
South Dakota (R) Bushfield 106,704 58.74% (D) Berry – 74,945 41.26%
Tennessee (D) Stewart (incumbent) 109,881 68.88% (R) Meacham – 34,324, Neal (I) – 15,317 21.52% (R), 9.60% (I)
Texas (D) O’Daniel (incumbent) 260,629 94.90% (R) Lawson – 12,064, (U) Somerville – 1,934 4.39% (D), 0.70% (U)
Virginia (D) Glass (incumbent) 79,421 91.08% (S) Wilkes – 5,690, (C) Burke – 2,041 6.53% (S), 2.34% (C)
West Virginia (special) (R) Shott 227,469 52.27% (D) Rosier – 207,678 47.73%
West Virginia (regular) (R) Revercomb 256,816 55.36% (D) Neely – 207,045 44.64%
Wyoming (R) Robertson 41,486 54.59% (D) Schwartz (incumbent) – 34,503 45.41%

House of Representatives

218 needed for majority. 435 races at stake.

Party Total Control Gain/Loss
Republicans 209 +47
Democrats 222 -45
Progressives 2 -1
Farmer-Labor 1 0
American Labor 1 0
Independents 0 -1


To be updated soon…

Race Candidate Vote % Opponent Vote %
Alabama 01 (D) Boykin (incumbent) 100%
Alabama 02 (D) Grant (incumbent) 100%
Alabama 03 (D) Steagall (incumbent) 100%
Alabama 04 (D) Hobbs (incumbent) 100%
Alabama 05 (D) Starnes (incumbent) 100%
Alabama 06 (D) Jarman (incumbent) 100%
Alabama 07 (D) Manasco (incumbent) 100%
Alabama 08 (D) Sparkman (incumbent) 100%
Alabama 09 (D) Newsome 95.6% (R) Holliman – 4.1%, (C) Hall – 0.3%
Arizona at-large (D) Murdock 36.3% (R) Darnell – 15%, (R) Jencks – 11.8%, (C) Graham – 0.2%
Arizona at-large (2) (D) Harless 36.6%
Arkansas 01 (D) Gathings (incumbent)
Arkansas 02 (D) Mills (incumbent)
Arkansas 03 (D) Fulbright
Arkansas 04 (D) Cravens (incumbent)
Arkansas 05 (D) Hays
Arkansas 06 (D) Norrell (incumbent)
Arkansas 07 (D) Harris (incumbent)
California 01 (D) Lea (incumbent)
California 02 (R) Engelbright
California 03 (R) Johnson, J. L.
California 04 (R) Rolph (incumbent)
California 05 (R) Welch (incumbent)
California 06 (R) Carter (incumbent)
California 07 (D) Tolan (incumbent)
California 08 (R) Anderson, J. Z. (incumbent)
California 09 (R) Gearhart (incumbent)
California 10 (D) Elliott (incumbent)
California 11 (D) Outland
California 12 (D) Voorhis (incumbent)
California 13 (R) Poulson
California 14 (D) Ford (incumbent)
California 15 (D) Costello (incumbent)
California 16 (D) Rogers
California 17 (D) King 58.02% (D) Shidler – 19.67%, (D) Sparling – 11.53%, (I) Rawls – 8.79%
California 18 (R) Johnson, W. W. (incumbent)
California 19 (D) Holifield
California 20 (R) Hinshaw (incumbent)
California 21 (D) Sheppard (incumbent)
California 22 (R) Philips
California 23 (D) Izac (incumbent)
Colorado 01 (D) Lewis (incumbent)
Colorado 02 (R) Hill (incumbent)
Colorado 03 (R) Chenoweth (incumbent)
Colorado 04 (R) Rockwell (incumbent)
Connecticut 01 (R) Miller, W. J.
Connecticut 02 (R) McWilliams
Connecticut 03 (R) Compton
Connecticut 04 (R) Luce
Connecticut 05 (R) Talbot (incumbent)
Connecticut at-large (R) Monkiewicz
Delaware at-large (R) Willey
Florida 01 (D) Peterson, J. (incumbent)
Florida 02 (D) Price
Florida 03 (D) Sikes (incumbent)
Florida 04 (D) Cannon, P. (incumbent)
Florida 05 (D) Hendricks (incumbent)
Florida at-large (D) Green
Georgia 01 (D) Peterson, H. (incumbent)
Georgia 02 (D) Cox (incumbent)
Georgia 03 (D) Pace (incumbent)
Georgia 04 (D) Camp (incumbent)
Georgia 05 (D) Ramspeck (incumbent)
Georgia 06 (D) Vinson (incumbent)
Georgia 07 (D) Tarver (incumbent)
Georgia 08 (D) Gibson (incumbent)
Georgia 09 (D) Whelchel (incumbent
Georgia 10 (D) Brown, P. (incumbent)
Idaho 01 (D) White, C. (incumbent)
Idaho 02 (R) Dworshak (incumbent)
Illinois 01 (D) Dawson
Illinois 02 (D) Rowan
Illinois 03 (R) Busbey
Illinois 04 (D) Gorski
Illinois 05 (D) Sabath (incumbent)
Illinois 06 (D) O’Brien, T.
Illinois 07 (D) Schuetz (incumbent)
Illinois 08 (D) Gordon
Illinois 09 (R) Dewey, C. S. (incumbent)
Illinois 10 (R) Church
Illinois 11 (R) Reed (incumbent)
Illinois 12 (R) Mason (incumbent)
Illinois 13 (R) Allen, L. (incumbent)
Illinois 14 (R) Johnson, A. J. (incumbent)
Illinois 15 (R) Chiperfield (incumbent)
Illinois 16 (R) Dirksen (incumbent)
Illinois 17 (R) Arends (incumbent)
Illinois 18 (R) Sumner, J. (incumbent)
Illinois 19 (R) Wheat (incumbent)
Illinois 20 (R) Simpson, S.
Illinois 21 (R) Howell (incumbent)
Illinois 22 (R) Johnson, C. D.
Illinois 23 (R) Vursell
Illinois 24 (R) Heidinger (incumbent)
Illinois 25 (R) Bishop (incumbent)
Illinois at-large (R) Day (incumbent)
Indiana 01 (D) Madden 53.6% (R) Cullison – 46.4%
Indiana 02 (R) Halleck (incumbent) 61.2% (D) Ferguson – 38.8%
Indiana 03 (R) Grant (incumbent) 55.2% (D) Murphy – 44.8%
Indiana 04 (R) Gillie (incumbent) 61% (D) Cleland – 39%
Indiana 05 (R) Harness (incumbent) 55.7% (D) Hays – 44.3%
Indiana 06 (R) Johnson (incumbent) 58.1% (D) McMurray – 41.9%
Indiana 07 (R) Landis 56.9% (D) Noland – 43.1%
Indiana 08 (R) La Follette 53.7% (D) Boehne (incumbent) – 46.3%
Indiana 09 (R) Wilson (incumbent) 55.9% (D) Huckleberry – 44.1%
Indiana 10 (R) Springer (incumbent) 57.4% (D) Larrabee – 42.6%
Indiana 11 (D) Ludlow (incumbent) 50.3% (R) Meyer – 49.7%
Iowa 01 (R) Martin, T. (incumbent)
Iowa 02 (R) Talle (incumbent)
Iowa 03 (R) Gwynne (incumbent)
Iowa 04 (R) LeCompte (incumbent)
Iowa 05 (R) Cunningham (incumbent)
Iowa 06 (R) Gilchrist (incumbent)
Iowa 07 (R) Jensen (incumbent)
Iowa 08 (R) Hoeven
Kansas 01 (R) Lambertson (incumbent)
Kansas 02 (R) Guyer (incumbent)
Kansas 03 (R) Winter (incumbent)
Kansas 04 (R) Rees (incumbent)
Kansas 05 (R) Hope (incumbent)
Kansas 06 (R) Carlson (incumbent)
Kentucky 01 (D) Gregory (incumbent)
Kentucky 02 (D) Vincent, B. (incumbent)
Kentucky 03 (D) O’Neal, E. (incumbent)
Kentucky 04 (D) Creal (incumbent)
Kentucky 05 (D) Spence (incumbent)
Kentucky 06 (D) Chapman (incumbent)
Kentucky 07 (D) May, A. J. (incumbent)
Kentucky 08 (D) Bates (incumbent)
Kentucky 09 (R) Robsion (incumbent)
Louisiana 01 (D) Hebert (incumbent)
Louisiana 02 (D) Maloney
Louisiana 03 (D) Domengeaux (incumbent)
Louisiana 04 (D) Brooks (incumbent)
Louisiana 05 (D) McKenzie
Louisiana 06 (D) Morrison
Louisiana 07 (D) Larcade
Louisiana 08 (D) Allen, A. L. (incumbent)
Maine 01 (R) Hale
Maine 02 (R) Smith, M. (incumbent)
Maine 03 (R) Fellows (incumbent)
Maryland 01 (D) Ward (incumbent)
Maryland 02 (D) Baldwin, H.
Maryland 03 (D) D’Alesandro (incumbent)
Maryland 04 (R) Ellison, D.
Maryland 05 (D) Sasscer (incumbent)
Maryland 06 (R) Beall
Massachusetts 01 (R) Treadway (incumbent)
Massachusetts 02 (R) Clason (incumbent)
Massachusetts 03 (D) Philbin
Massachusetts 04 (R) Holmes (incumbent)
Massachusetts 05 (R) Rogers (incumbent)
Massachusetts 06 (R) Bates, G. (incumbent)
Massachusetts 07 (D) Lane (incumbent)
Massachusetts 08 (R) Goodwin
Massachusetts 09 (R) Gifford (incumbent)
Massachusetts 10 (R) Herter
Massachusetts 11 (D) Curley
Massachusetts 12 (D) McCormack (incumbent)
Massachusetts 13 (D) Wigglesworth (incumbent)
Massachusetts 14 (R) Martin, J. W. (incumbent)
Michigan 01 (D) Sadowski
Michigan 02 (R) Michener (incumbent)
Michigan 03 (R) Shafer, P. (incumbent)
Michigan 04 (R) Hoffman, C. (incumbent)
Michigan 05 (R) Jonkman (incumbent)
Michigan 06 (R) Blackney (incumbent)
Michigan 07 (R) Wolcott (incumbent)
Michigan 08 (R) Crawford (incumbent)
Michigan 09 (R) Engel (incumbent)
Michigan 10 (R) Woodruff (incumbent)
Michigan 11 (R) Van Ness Bradley (incumbent)
Michigan 12 (R) Bennett, J. B.
Michigan 13 (D) O’Brien, G. D. (incumbent)
Michigan 14 (D) Rabaut (incumbent)
Michigan 15 (D) Dingell (incumbent)
Michigan 16 (D) Lesinski (incumbent)
Michigan 17 (R) Dondero (incumbent)
Minnesota 01 (R) Andersen, A. H. (incumbent)
Minnesota 02 (R) O’Hara (incumbent)
Minnesota 03 (R) Gale (incumbent)
Minnesota 04 (R) Maas (incumbent)
Minnesota 05 (R) Judd
Minnesota 06 (R) Knutson (incumbent)
Minnesota 07 (R) Andersen, H. C. (incumbent)
Minnesota 08 (R) Pittenger (incumbent)
Minnesota 09 (FL) Hagen
Mississippi 01 (D) Rankin (incumbent)
Mississippi 02 (D) Whitten (incumbent)
Mississippi 03 (D) Whittington (incumbent)
Mississippi 04 (D) Abernathy
Mississippi 05 (D) Winstead
Mississippi 06 (D) Colmet (incumbent)
Mississippi 07 (D) McGehee (incumbent)
Missouri 01 (R) Arnold
Missouri 02 (R) Schwabe
Missouri 03 (R) Cole
Missouri 04 (D) Bell (incumbent)
Missouri 05 (D) Slaughter
Missouri 06 (R) Bennett, P. A. (incumbent)
Missouri 07 (R) Short (incumbent)
Missouri 08 (R) Elmer
Missouri 09 (D) Cannon (incumbent)
Missouri 10 (D) Zimmerman (incumbent)
Missouri 11 (R) Miller, L. E.
Missouri 12 (R) Ploeser (incumbent)
Missouri 13 (D) Cochran (incumbent)
Montana 01 (D) Mansfield
Montana 02 (D) O’Connor (incumbent)
Nebraska 01 (R) Curtis (incumbent)
Nebraska 02 (R) Buffett
Nebraska 03 (R) Stefan (incumbent)
Nebraska 04 (R) Miller, A. L.
Nevada at-large (D) Sullivan
New Hampshire 01 (R) Merrow
New Hampshire 02 (R) Stearns (incumbent)
New Jersey 01 (R) Wolverton (incumbent)
New Jersey 02 (D) Wene (incumbent)
New Jersey 03 (R) Auchincloss
New Jersey 04 (R) Powers (incumbent)
New Jersey 05 (R) Eaton (incumbent)
New Jersey 06 (R) McLean (incumbent)
New Jersey 07 (R) Thomas (incumbent)
New Jersey 08 (R) Canfield (incumbent)
New Jersey 09 (R) Towe
New Jersey 10 (R) Hartley (incumbent)
New Jersey 11 (R) Sundstrom
New Jersey 12 (R) Kean (incumbent)
New Jersey 13 (D) Norton (incumbent)
New Jersey 14 (D) Hart (incumbent)
New Mexico at-large (D) Anderson (incumbent)
New Mexico at-large (2) (D) Fernández
New York 01 (R) Hall (incumbent)
New York 02 (D) Barry (incumbent)
New York 03 (D) Pfeifer (incumbent)
New York 04 (D) Cullen (incumbent)
New York 05 (D) Heffernan (incumbent)
New York 06 (D) Somers (incumbent)
New York 07 (D) Delaney (incumbent)
New York 08 (D) O’Toole (incumbent)
New York 09 (D) Keogh (incumbent)
New York 10 (D) Celler (incumbent)
New York 11 (D) O’Leary (incumbent)
New York 12 (D) Dickstein (incumbent)
New York 13 (D) Capozzoli (incumbent)
New York 14 (D) Klein (incumbent)
New York 15 (D) Burchill
New York 16 (D) Fay
New York 17 (D) Baldwin (incumbent)
New York 18 (D) Kennedy (incumbent)
New York 19 (D) Bloom (incumbent)
New York 20 (AL) Marcantonio (incumbent)
New York 21 (D) Gavagan (incumbent)
New York 22 (D) Lynch (incumbent)
New York 23 (D) Buckley (incumbent)
New York 24 (D) Fitzpatrick (incumbent)
New York 25 (R) Gamble (incumbent)
New York 26 (R) Fish (incumbent)
New York 27 (R) Fevre
New York 28 (D) Byrne (incumbent)
New York 29 (R) Taylor (incumbent)
New York 30 (R) Kearney
New York 31 (R) Kilburn (incumbent)
New York 32 (R) Culkin (incumbent)
New York 33 (R) Douglas (incumbent)
New York 34 (R) Hall (incumbent)
New York 35 (R) Hancock (incumbent)
New York 36 (R) Taber (incumbent)
New York 37 (R) Cole (incumbent)
New York 38 (R) O’Brien, J. J. (incumbent)
New York 39 (R) Wadsworth (incumbent)
New York 40 (R) Andrews (incumbent)
New York 41 (R) Mruk
New York 42 (R) Butler (incumbent)
New York 43 (R) Reed (incumbent)
New York at-large (D) Merritt (incumbent)
New York at-large (2) (R) Stanley
North Carolina 01 (D) Bonner (incumbent)
North Carolina 02 (D) Kerr (incumbent)
North Carolina 03 (D) Barden (incumbent)
North Carolina 04 (D) Cooley (incumbent)
North Carolina 05 (D) Folger (incumbent)
North Carolina 06 (D) Durham (incumbent)
North Carolina 07 (D) Clark (incumbent)
North Carolina 08 (D) Burgin (incumbent)
North Carolina 09 (D) Doughton (incumbent)}
North Carolina 10 (D) Morrison
North Carolina 11 (D) Bulwinkle (incumbent)
North Carolina 12 (D) Weaver (incumbent)
North Dakota at-large (R) Burdick (incumbent)
North Dakota at-large (2) (R) Lemke
Ohio 01 (R) Elston (incumbent)
Ohio 02 (R) Hess (incumbent)
Ohio 03 (R) Jeffrey
Ohio 04 (R) Jones (incumbent)
Ohio 05 (R) Clevenger (incumbent)
Ohio 06 (R) McCowen
Ohio 07 (R) Brown (incumbent)
Ohio 08 (R) Smith (incumbent)
Ohio 09 (R) Ramey
Ohio 10 (R) Jenkins (incumbent)
Ohio 11 (R) Brehm
Ohio 12 (R) Vorys (incumbent)
Ohio 13 (R) Weichel
Ohio 14 (R) Rowe
Ohio 15 (R) Griffiths
Ohio 16 (R) Carson
Ohio 17 (R) McGregor (incumbent)
Ohio 18 (R) Lewis
Ohio 19 (D) Kirwan (incumbent)
Ohio 20 (D) Feighan
Ohio 21 (D) Crosser (incumbent)
Ohio 22 (R) Bolton (incumbent)
Ohio at-large (R) Bender (incumbent)
Oklahoma 01 (D) Disney (incumbent)
Oklahoma 02 (D) Nichols (incumbent)
Oklahoma 03 (D) Stewart
Oklahoma 04 (D) Boren (incumbent)
Oklahoma 05 (D) Monroney (incumbent)
Oklahoma 06 (D) Johnson, Jed (incumbent)
Oklahoma 07 (D) Wickersham (incumbent)
Oklahoma 08 (R) Rizley (incumbent)
Oregon 01 (R) Mott (incumbent)
Oregon 02 (R) Stockman
Oregon 03 (R) Angell (incumbent)
Oregon 04 (R) Ellsworth
Pennsylvania 01 (R) Gallagher
Pennsylvania 02 (D) McGranery (incumbent)
Pennsylvania 03 (D) Bradley (incumbent)
Pennsylvania 04 (D) Sheridan (incumbent)
Pennsylvania 05 (R) Pracht
Pennsylvania 06 (D) Myers (incumbent)
Pennsylvania 07 (R) Scott (incumbent)
Pennsylvania 08 (R) Wolfenden (incumbent)
Pennsylvania 09 (R) Gerlach (incumbent)
Pennsylvania 10 (R) Kinzer (incumbent)
Pennsylvania 11 (D) Murphy
Pennsylvania 12 (R) Miller (incumbent)
Pennsylvania 13 (R) Fenton (incumbent)
Pennsylvania 14 (D) Hoch
Pennsylvania 15 (R) Gillette (incumbent)
Pennsylvania 16 (D) Scanlon (incumbent)
Pennsylvania 17 (R) Ditter (incumbent)
Pennsylvania 18 (R) Simpson (incumbent)
Pennsylvania 19 (R) Kunkel (incumbent)
Pennsylvania 20 (R) Gavin
Pennsylvania 21 (D) Walter (incumbent)
Pennsylvania 22 (R) Gross
Pennsylvania 23 (R) Van Zandt (incumbent)
Pennsylvania 24 (D) Snyder (incumbent)
Pennsylvania 25 (D) Furlong
Pennsylvania 26 (R) Graham (incumbent)
Pennsylvania 27 (R) Tibbott (incumbent)
Pennsylvania 28 (D) Kelley (incumbent)
Pennsylvania 29 (R) Rodgers (incumbent)
Pennsylvania 30 (D) Weiss (incumbent)
Pennsylvania 31 (D) Eberharter (incumbent)
Pennsylvania 32 (D) Wright (incumbent)
Pennsylvania 33 (D) Holland 58.11% (R) Garland – 41.89%
Pennsylvania at-large (R) Troutman
Rhode Island 01 (D) Forand (incumbent)
Rhode Island 02 (D) Fogarty (incumbent)
South Carolina 01 (D) Rivers (incumbent)
South Carolina 02 (D) Fulmet (incumbent)
South Caroline 03 (D) Hare (incumbent)
South Carolina 04 (D) Bryson (incumbent)
South Carolina 05 (D) Richards (incumbent)
South Carolina 06 (D) McMillan (incumbent)
South Dakota 01 (R) Mundt (incumbent)
South Dakota 02 (R) Case (incumbent)
Tennessee 01 (R) Reece (incumbent)
Tennessee 02 (R) Jennings (incumbent)
Tennessee 03 (D) Kefauver (incumbent)
Tennessee 04 (D) Gore (incumbent)
Tennessee 05 (D) McCord
Tennessee 06 (D) Priest (incumbent)
Tennessee 07 (D) Courtney (incumbent)
Tennessee 08 (D) Murray
Tennessee 09 (D) Cooper (incumbent)
Tennessee 10 (D) Clifford (incumbent)
Texas 01 (D) Patman (incumbent)
Texas 02 (D) Dies (incumbent)
Texas 03 (D) Beckworth (incumbent)
Texas 04 (D) Rayburn (incumbent)
Texas 05 (D) Sumners (incumbent)
Texas 06 (D) Johnson, L. A. (incumbent)
Texas 07 (D) Patton (incumbent)
Texas 08 (D) Thomas (incumbent)
Texas 09 (D) Mansfield (incumbent)
Texas 10 (D) Johnson, L. B. (incumbent)
Texas 11 (D) Poage (incumbent)
Texas 12 (D) Lanham (incumbent)
Texas 13 (D) Gossett (incumbent)
Texas 14 (D) Kleberg (incumbent)
Texas 15 (D) West (incumbent)
Texas 16 (D) Thomason (incumbent)
Texas 17 (D) Russell (incumbent)
Texas 18 (D) Worley (incumbent)
Texas 19 (D) Mahon (incumbent)
Texas 20 (D) Kilday (incumbent)
Texas 21 (D) Fisher 100%
Utah 01 (D) Granger (incumbent)
Utah 02 (D) Robinson (incumbent)
Vermont at-large (R) Plumley (incumbent)
Virginia 01 (D) Bland (incumbent)
Virginia 02 (D) Harris (incumbent)
Virginia 03 (D) Satterfield (incumbent)
Virginia 04 (D) Drewry (incumbent)
Virginia 05 (D) Burch (incumbent)
Virginia 06 (D) Woodrum (incumbent)
Virginia 07 (D) Robertson (incumbent)
Virginia 08 (D) Smith (incumbent)
Virginia 09 (D) Flannagan (incumbent)
Washington 01 (D) Magnuson (incumbent)
Washington 02 (D) Jackson (incumbent)
Washington 03 (R) Norman
Washington 04 (R) Holmes
Washington 05 (R) Horan
Washington 06 (D) Coffee (incumbent)
West Virginia 01 (R) Schiffler
West Virginia 02 (D) Randolph (incumbent)
West Virginia 03 (R) Rohrbough
West Virginia 04 (R) Ellis
West Virginia 05 (D) Kee (incumbent)
West Virginia 06 (D) Smith (incumbent)
Wisconsin 01 (R) Smith (incumbent) 71.9% (D) Magruder – 26.1%, (S) Benson – 2%
Wisconsin 02 (P) Sauthoff (incumbent) 50.2% (R) Hawks – 39.6%, (D) Brooks – 9.6%, (S) Hale (0.6%)
Wisconsin 03 (R) Stevenson (incumbent) 46.9% (P) Withrow – 42.6%, (D) Carroll – 10.1%, (S) Hale – 0.6%
Wisconsin 04 (D) **Wasielewski (incumbent) 48.8% (R) Schafer – 30.3%, (P) Brophy – 18.2%, (S) Buech – 2.6%
Wisconsin 05 (D) McMurray 43.2% (R) Thill (incumbent) – 37.4%, (P) Roush – 16%, (S) Knappe – 3.5%
Wisconsin 06 (R) Keefe (incumbent) 62.2% (D) Schallern – 20.1%, (P) Poltl – 16.0%, (S) Boll – 1.7%
Wisconsin 07 (R) Murray (incumbent) 71.9% (D) Kennedy – 28.1%
Wisconsin 08 (D) Dilweg 54.5% (R) Johns (incumbent) – 45.5%
Wisconsin 09 (P) Hull (incumbent) 61.8% (R) Hipke – 32.6%, (D) Joyce – 5.6%
Wisconsin 10 (R) O’Konski 48.4% (P) Gehrmann (incumbent) – 41.1%, (D) Green – 10.5%
Wyoming at-large (R) Barrett 50.7% (D) McIntyre (incumbent) – 49.3%
Alaska Territory at-large (D) Dimond (incumbent) 77.30%


33 races at stake

Party Not Up For Election Total Control Gain/Loss
Republicans 5 23 +3
Democrats 10 24 -4
Progressives 0 1 +1


Race Candidate Vote % Opponent Vote %
Alabama (D) Sparks 88.96% (R) McEniry – 10.52%, (C) Southard – 0.52%
Arizona (D) Osborn (incumbent) 72.48% (R) Lee – 26.90%, (P) Osburn – 0.61%
Arkansas (D) Adkins (incumbent) 100%
California (R) Warren 57.07% (D) Olson – 41.75%, (T) Porter – 0.69%, (P) Dyster – 0.48%
Colorado (R) Vivian 56.23% (D) Bedford – 43.41%, (C) Dietrich – 0.36%
Connecticut (R) Baldwin 48.93% (D) Hurley – 44.38%, (S) McLevy – 6.01%, (SL) Borden – 0.69%
Georgia (D) Arnall 96.30% Others – 3.70%
Idaho (R) Bottolfsen 50.15% (D) Clark – 49.85%
Iowa (R) Hickenlooper 62.75% (D) Kraschel – 36.96%, (P) Hall – 0.21%, (I) Briggs – 0.08%
Kansas (R) Schoppel 56.68% (D) Burke – 41.75%, (P) White – 1.28%, (S) Beloof – 0.29%
Maine (R) Sewall (incumbent) 66.84% (D) Lane – 33.16%
Maryland (D) O’Conor (incumbent) 52.55% (R) McKeldin – 47.45%
Massachusetts (R) Saltonstall (incumbent) 54.11% (D) Putnam – 44.96%, (C) Hood – 0.33%, (S) Massidda – 0.22%, (SL) Blomen – 0.22%, (P) Williams – 0.14%
Michigan (R) Kelly 52.60% (D) Van Wagoner – 46.73%, (P) Goodrich – 0.66%
Minnesota (R) Stassen (incumbent) 51.60% (FL) Petersen – 37.76%, (D) Sullivan – 9.46%, (C) Mackie – 0.64%, (IG) Brandborg – 0.54%
Nebraska (R) Griswold (incumbent) 74.84% (D) Bryan – 25.16%
Nevada (D) Carville (incumbent) 60.26% (R) Tallman – 39.75%
New Hampshire (R) Blood (incumbent) 52.18%
New Mexico (D) Dempsey 54.55% (R) Tondre – 45.45%
New York (R) Dewey 52.10% (D) Bennett – 36.40%, (AL) Alfange – 9.79%, (C) Amter – 1.10%, (S) Cheney – 0.53%, (IG) Orange – 0.09%
North Dakota (D) Moses (incumbent) 57.62% (R) Hagen – 42.38%
Ohio (R) Bricker (incumbent) 60.50% (D) McSweeney – 39.50%
Oklahoma (D) Kerr 51.89% (R) Otjen – 47.64%, (P) Fickinger – 0.47%
Oregon (R) Snell 77.87% (D) Wallace – 22.13%
Pennsylvania (R) Martin 53.67% (D) Ross – 45.13%, (P) Learn – 0.68%, (UP) Haluska – 0.31%, (SL) Pirincin – 0.21%
Rhode Island (D) McGrath (incumbent) 58.54% (R) McManus – 41.46%
South Carolina (D) Johnston 100%
South Dakota (R) Sharpe 61.51% (D) Bicknell – 38.49%
Tennessee (D) Cooper (incumbent) 70.15% (R) Frazier – 29.85%
Texas (D) Stevenson (incumbent) 96.83% (R) McDowell – 3.17%
Vermont (R) Wills (incumbent) 77.90% (D) Pollard – 22.10%
Wisconsin (P) Loomis 49.65% (R) Heil – 36.45%, (D) Sullivan – 12.25%, (S) Zeidler – 1.41%, (I) Blair – 0.14%, (I) Cozzini – 0.06%
Wyoming (D) Hunt 51.32% (R) Smith – 48.68%
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So what will happen if Dewey wins?


It appears he did! :smiley:

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The Pittsburgh Press (November 4, 1942)

GOP makes big gains in nation

Hague rebuffed; Dewey elected; Republican beats Norris
By Lyle C. Wilson, United Press staff writer

New York –
Republican net gains in Tuesday’s wartime general election rose to a minimum of 32 seats in the House of Representatives, eight Senate seats and two gubernatorial posts on the basis of partially-complete returns today.

Forty-five House contests were still undecided. Republicans were expected to pick up additional seats but not enough to wrest control of the chamber from the Democrats. The Senate will also remain under Democratic control.

Republicans marked up Senate gains in Delaware, Iowa, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Wyoming, South Dakota, New Jersey, and Michigan. The GOP candidate also appeared to be the winner in West Virginia.

Democratic gubernatorial seats in New York, Connecticut, Michigan and California fell before the Republican onslaught.

Wiseman GOP lose

Offsetting these gains was the loss by the Republicans of the Wisconsin governorship to a Progressive, and indications that the Wyoming Republican governor might fail of reelection.

Sixteen Democratic and eight Republican governors appeared to have been reelected. The gubernatorial race in Idaho was too close to indicate the probable winner.

Their complete tabulation showed that House Democrats had elected 202 members, Republicans 185, Progressives 2 and the American Labor Party 1.

The surge of Republican House votes came chiefly from the industrial East and the agrarian Midwest.

Josh Lee beaten

One of the latest Democratic casualties was young Senator Josh Lee of Oklahoma, who sponsored an amendment to the bill yesterday authorizing the draft of 18 and 19-year-olds which would have barred sale of liquor in the vicinity of Army posts.

He conceded to E. H. Moore, Tulsa oil operator and leader of the Willkie Democrats in Oklahoma two years ago. Mr. Moore ran on the Republican ticket this year.

Supported by Roosevelt

Oklahomans elected a New Dealer as governor, Robert S. Kerr. He is the first native-born Oklahoman ever to hold that position.

Defeat of Senator George W. Norris, Nebraska’s veteran Independent, was symptomatic of a strong, if scattered, anti-administration trend. Mr. Norris, who was supported by President Roosevelt, lost to Republican Kenneth S. Wherry. Democrat Foster May was third.

And in New Jersey, returns from all except about 26 precincts gave Albert W. Hawkes, Republican candidate for the Senate, a commanding lead over his Democratic opponent, Senator William H. Smathers, who was backed by Mayor Frank Hague of Jersey City.

Republicans made some spectacular gubernatorial gains, notably in New York where former District Attorney Thomas E. Dewey became the first Republican elected governor since Nathan L. Miller defeated Alfred E. Smith in 1920.

The New York Herald Tribune called the election “a strong swing toward the Republican Party.” The New York Times’ main election dispatch described it as “a decisive Republican victory.”

There was an unmistakable anti-administration trend but it must be measured against the fact that majority party losses are normal in off-year elections.

Nevertheless, if the Republicans pick up 35 or so seats, they will be in a position to join with anti-administration Democrats on some issues to turn back some of Mr. Roosevelt’s measures. All candidates, however, were elected on win-the-war platforms.

California, Connecticut, Michigan and New York voted to supplant Democratic governors with Republicans and in Wisconsin, a Republican was voted out of office to make way for a Progressive.

Dewey wins easily

The centerpiece of gubernatorial and potential presidential politics was New York State, where Thomas E. Dewey, Republican gangbuster, was elected by a plurality of 650,000 votes and a clear majority of around 200,000 over Democratic John J. Bennett Jr. and three minor party candidates.

The Dewey-for-President-in-1944 clamor began to sound from his supporters shortly after the returns were in last night and henceforth the eyes of the politicians will be upon him.

But the Midwest was also voting one of its favorite sons into the 1944 Republican presidential sweepstakes. This was in Ohio where homespun John W. Bricker was elected to a third term as governor by a whopping margin of more than 300,000 votes.

Willkie’s post challenged

Mr. Dewey’s rise is a challenge to the party leadership of Wendell L. Willkie, the 1940 presidential candidate who is presently without portfolio. And in the New York returns was burned deeply the story of a row within the Democratic Party in which James A. Farley and his former boss, President Roosevelt, butted heads in dispute over the gubernatorial nomination.

Mr. Farley wanted Mr. Bennett and got him, but Mr. Roosevelt seemed to find it an unhappy choice and such aid as he finally offered his party’s candidate was not enough either to elect him, or even to persuade the left-wing American Labor Party, ally of the administration, to withdraw its own candidate, Dean Alfange.

The ALP candidate polled some 400,000 votes at the expense of Mr. Bennett. But even with those votes, the Democratic candidate would still have been blanked in yesterday’s election.

Mr. Bennett’s defeat may cost Mr. Farley control of the state Democratic organization, although it will be no small chore to oust him from the state chairmanship which he now holds.

But it was no secret that Big Jim and Mr. Bennett would have sent an anti-Roosevelt delegation to the 1944 Democratic National Convention.

Governorships listed

The Republicans held their governorships in Maine (that election was in September), Massachusetts, Nebraska, New Hampshire, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Colorado, Vermont and Iowa and were leading in South Dakota, Minnesota, Wyoming and Kansas.

The Democrats held their gubernatorial strongpoints in Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, New Mexico, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Texas and Tennessee and were leading in Arizona, Maryland, Nevada, North Dakota and Oklahoma.

Republicans have won Senate seats from Democrats in Delaware, Iowa, Oklahoma and South Dakota. Republicans candidates are leading in West Virginia, New Jersey, Michigan and Montana.

Republicans have won or are leading with substantial margins in contests for Democratic House seats in 20 states: Connecticut five, Illinois three, Indiana two, Maryland two, Missouri three, Ohio seven, Pennsylvania three, West Virginia three, and one in each of the following states: New York, Delaware, Kansas, Iowa, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Oregon and Washington.

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‘Defeat for Roosevelt,’ Radio Rome boasts

New York (UP) –
Radio Rome said today that the outcome of yesterday’s general elections in the United States was “a defeat for Roosevelt and an expressions of dissatisfaction with the populace of the United States with its military reverses.”

The broadcast, recorded by the United Press listening post, said Americans were dissatisfied, “with the false promises of Roosevelt, who, in the course of his presidential campaign, had promised to keep the country out of war.”

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Stokes: National vote is rebuke on war handling

People call for value received from official Washington
By Thomas L. Stokes, Scripps-Howard staff writer

Washington –
Dissatisfaction among the people over the conduct of the war was driven home to President Roosevelt and official Washington today as the election returns were analyzed.

The vote represented a protest and a rebuke.

The war overshadowed everything else. The people are busy at work. They have money. None of the economic issues that normally throw the political pendulum in reverse were operative.

They expect value received

The people are being called upon to make more sacrifices, including the giving of more of their boys. They are doing this willingly.

But they expect value received from the managers of the war, and the election returns seem to indicate they do not think Washington is doing its share.

The voters have called upon Washington to strip for action. They demand sacrifices of Washington.

People looking ahead

Many one-time isolationists were reelected to Congress yesterday. But this does not mean the people who sent them back were voting isolationism.

The people are looking ahead. The war is a reality. They are interested in getting the war going, and getting it over.

Farmer contributed their share to Republican victories yesterday, and their complaint was that the administration was not exacting equal sacrifices from labor.

Cities speak up

But the cities spoke too. Republicans broke into the urban strongholds of the Democrats. They knocked lustily at the gates of the metropolitan citadels in the East.

Now that the people have spoken, they are not likely to countenance any digging into partisan political ashes, nor any gloating on a purely political basis – which it is assumed the Republicans will realize.

The party of opposition has been given new strength, which carries with it new responsibility.

Administration on its mettle

It has an opportunity to assist in tightening the administration of the war. Upon their ability to do this constructively depends their success in building for a return to power two years from now.

Democrats realize, through setbacks in recent bulwarks of strength – New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Michigan, Illinois, California – that their power may well be on the wane, unless recouped by results in the war.

They have been put on their mettle.

The people have done it.

Only one victory, the war, Dewey tells well-wishers

New York Governor-elect reports to his office, as usual

New York (UP) –
Thomas E. Dewey, who will take office Jan. 1 as the first Republican Governor of New York State in 20 years, returned to his normal pursuits today by reporting to his office as usual, without regard for the victory that made him a national figure.

Mr. Dewey, when word was received that his major opponent, Attorney General John J. Bennett Jr., Democratic nominee, had conceded the election to him, appeared before more than 800 persons who had been waiting in the ballroom of the Roosevelt Hotel.

Policemen had to fight their way through the tightly-packed crowds to clear a way for the Governor-elect, who was greeted by the cry from an enthusiastic follower: “Hurray, Dewey for President in 1944.”

America wholly united

The crowd applauded and Mr. Dewey smiled at them.

He told the gathering:

There is only one meaning to the election, and that is that America is wholly and absolutely united in this war. We have proved that our system of government is so good that we can make changes, even in total war, to strengthen the conduct of the war.

We have shown our enemies that they don’t even begin to understand the stuff democracy is made of.

Total victory is the one

In a formal statement, Mr. Dewey declared that the fact one party had lost and another had won was not important, that all concerned were interested in one victory: “Total, uncompromising, crushing victory over our country’s enemies.”

Mr. Dewey said:

In all things needed for the winning of the war, we are united in unswerving loyalty to our Commander-in-Chief. Let us make this clear to all the world. We in America are solidly united. Shoulder to shoulder, with every resource at our command, we shall carry on this fight to total and lasting victory.

Party followers gathered long before the returns showed their favorite was clearly in the lead. Policemen demanded identification before allowing anyone on the mezzanine floor of the hotel, where returns were being received by Mr. Dewey and his party.

No bounds to jubilation

Once word was received that the Democratic camp had conceded the election, the jubilation of the Republicans knows no bounds. Mr. and Mrs. Dewey were jammed in tightly-packed crowds as they made their way to the press room and the radio and newsreel rooms.

With him throughout the night, in addition to Mrs. Dewey, were his mother, Mrs. George Dewey of Owasso, Michigan, Mrs. Dewey’s parents, Mr. and Mrs. O. T. Hutt, and several other close friends.

Mr. Dewey, asked how it felt to be Governor-elect of New York, said it was “pretty sober business in these times.” Asked if he thought he would make a good governor, he said he thought “the people would be able to judge whether I’m good or not after four years.”

No comfort for enemies, Hoover says of elections

New York (UP) –
Former President Herbert Hoover said today that “our enemies can get no comfort from this election.”

He said:

The platform of every single candidate – Republican, Democratic and Labor – was vigorous, efficient prosecution of the war. There was a strong element of protest in the vote but it was the protest of insistence upon more effective organization of the war. And that can be no comfort for the enemy.

Those who believe in freedom everywhere will gain confidence from the demonstration that freedom can hold to its protective institutions even in desperate war.

Playwright Mrs. Luce wins fight for seat in Congress

Authoress, shrieking with joy, leads noisy parade

Greenwich, Connecticut (UP) –
Mrs. Clare Boothe Luce, Republican, and an author, playwright and war correspondent, became Connecticut’s first woman Congressman today and promised to do her best to see that we fight “a hard war – not a soft war.”

The tall, slender blond brought the Fourth District back into the Republican column after a lapse of two years by piling up an 8,072 plurality over three rivals. Mrs. Luce defeated Democratic Rep. Leroy Downs.

Leads noisy parade

Mrs. Luce, wife of Time-Life-Fortune publisher Henry Luce, sat quietly and coolly in her headquarters while the returns came in. But as the tension mounted and hordes of out-of-state newspapermen and photographers piled her with questions and requests for poses, she lost some of her composure.

When the telegram came from Rep. Downs, conceding her victory, she emitted a joyous shriek. Arm in arm with her husband, Mrs. Luce hastened out to lead a noisy parade through the downtown section.

People want ‘eyes open’

Mrs. Luce said:

I have campaigned for fighting a hard war – not a soft war. Therefore, this election proves how the American people want to fight this war. The American people want to fight it with their eyes open, not with blinkers.

One of the first things she did after learning of her victory was to call her daughter, 17-year-old Ann Brokaw, at Stanford University in California, “to tell her the news.”

Nazi election view: ‘Criticism indicated’

Berlin, Germany – (German broadcast in New York)
Dr. Paul Schmidt, press spokesman of the Foreign Office, today said the American election results “obviously indicate criticism of Roosevelt.”

He said Republican gains had been “remarkable,” but said Germany “does not harbor the illusion that the Republican victories will lead to a change of Roosevelt’s policies. He and his Jewish councilors have the helm of state in hand. The American nation, and its representatives in Congress, are practically without influence.”

Völkischer Beobachter (November 5, 1942)

Überraschender Wahlerfolg der Republikaner –
Innerpolitische Schlappe der Roosevelt-Clique

Von unserer Stockholmer Schriftleitung

Stockholm, 4. November –
Die Ergänzungswahlen zum amerikanischen Kongress – Senat und Repräsentantenhaus – haben, nach den ersten vorliegenden Meldungen zu urteilen, doch ein überraschendes Ergebnis gehabt. Die Republikanische Partei hat weitaus stärkere Gewinne erzielt, als erwartet wurde, und die Wiederwahl beziehungsweise Neuwahl zahlreicher Vertreter durchgesetzt. Besonders bedeutsam ist es, daß im Staate Neuyork der Kandidat der Republikanischen Partei, Thomas Dewey, mit einer Mehrheit von über einer halben Million Stimmen über Roosevelts Kandidat, John J. Bennett, siegte.

Gewählt wurde in allen 47 Bundesstaaten mit Ausnahme von Maine, wo die Wahlen bereits im September erfolgten und auch dort einen republikanischen Wahlsieg brachten. Im Staate Neuyork wurde die über zwanzigjährige Herrschaft der Demokraten gebrochen. Dabei hatte sich Roosevelt außerordentlich bemüht, Neuyork, als den. wichtigsten Aufmarschplatz für die Präsidentenwahl, für seine Partei zu sichern. Hinter Bennett stand die gesamte demokratische Wahlmaschinerie. Seine Wahl wurde auch von Roosevelts früherem Postminister Jim Farley unterstützt‚ der der Hauptwahlmacher der Demokratischen Partei geblieben ist, obwohl er sich mit Roosevelt überworfen hatte. Vielleicht wäre Deweys Erfolg nicht so groß gewesen, wenn nicht die Labour-Partei‚ die nur in Neuyork eine größere Rolle spielt‚ eigene Wege eingeschlagen und einen eigenen Kandidaten in der Person von Dean Alfange aufgestellt hätte, der die Unterstützung des jüdischen Bürgermeisters Laguardia besaß.

Politische Kraftprobe in Neuyork

Man kann jedenfalls feststellen, daß mit der Wahl von Thomas Dewey, der sich als Staatsanwalt besonders in der Bekämpfung des Gangstertums ausgezeichnet hatte, sowohl Roosevelt wie Laguardia und Farley eine schwere innerpolitische Schlappe erlitten. Roosevelts Kandidat, Bennett, hatte sich bei den Massen dadurch unbeliebt gemacht, daß er kurz nach der Katastrophe von Pearl Harbour im Kongress ein Gesetz über die Pensionen der Senatoren eingebracht hatte‚ das auch angenommen wurde. Diese Haltung wurde ihm sehr übel vermerkt. Aus allen Teilen der USA. gingen ihm „Spenden“ für die „armen“ Senatoren in Gestalt von Kaugummi‚ Zigarrenstummeln usw. zu. Daß Roosevelt trotzdem an ihm festhielt, beweist, daß er es auf eine politische Kraftprobe in Neuyork ankommen lassen wollte.

Mit seiner Wahl zum Gouverneur von Neuyork – der jetzige demokratische Gouverneur Lehmann ist ein getreuer Gefolgsmann Roosevelts – hat sich Dewey das Sprungbrett zu den Präsidentschaftswahlen im Jahre 1944 erkämpft. Er hat jetzt den Anspruch, von seiner Partei als Kandidat zu den Wahlen aufgestellt zu werden und recht gute Aussichten, da Willkie immer mehr Anhänger verloren hat.

Der durchgefallene Kandidat der Labourpartei in Neuyork, Dean Alfange, führte seinen Wahlkampf besonders gegen den alten streitbaren Roosevelt-Hasser Senator Hamilton-Fish, den er bei den Massen mit der Behauptung zu verdächtigen suchte, “daß er mit den Nazi unter einer Decke stecke und fähig sei, Onkel Sam den Dolch in den Rücken zu stoßen.”

Aber auch Hamilton-Fish wurde wiedergewählt – vielleicht läßt sich seine Wiederwahl auch damit erklären, daß er von seinen Gegnern zu hart angegriffen wurde, so daß seine Anhänger, hauptsächlich Farmer und Handwerker, in ihm einen Märtyrer sahen, der ein Opfer der Zentralverwaltung in Washington wurde, und nicht etwa einen „defätistischen Isolationisten“. Die Frage „Isolierung oder nicht“ war bei den Wahlen überhaupt nicht sonderlich aktuell. Der Streit ging neben inner- und wirtschaftspolitischen Fragen mehr darum, ob der Krieg so effektiv geführt werde, um ihn möglichst schnell zu einem erfolgreichen Ende zu führen.

Einbruch auch im Süden

Bemerkenswert ist weiter, daß den Republikanern auch ein Einbruch in die Domäne der Demokraten in den Südstaaten gelungen ist. Im Staate Connecticut ging der Kampf zwischen dem demokratischen Kandidaten Lerroy und der republikanischen Kandidatin Clare Luce, der Frau des Herausgebers der Zeitschriften TimeLife and Fortune, der das berüchtigte Wort von „amerikanischen Zeitalter“ prägte. Clare Luce wurde, von Willkie lebhaft unterstützt, ebenfalls gewählt.

Ohne die Bedeutung der Ergänzungswahlen, die moistens – mit der bemerkenswerten Ausnahme von 1934 – Rückschläge für die jeweilige Regierung zu bringen pflegen, zu überschätzen, kann man doch feststellen, daß sie kein Vertrauensbeweis für Roosevelt waren. Der „Kaiser von Amerika“ wird allerdings auf seinen Schönheitsfehler keine Rücksicht nehmen‚ bis ihn die nächste schwere Niederlage eines besseren belehren wird.

Wie Reuter aus Washington meldet, haben nach den letzten Angaben die Republikaner 35 Sitze im Abgeordnetenhaus und neun im Senat gewonnen‚ es fielen ihnen auch die Gouverneurposten außer in Neuyork, auch in Michigan, Kalifornien, Connecticut an Stelle der Demokraten zu. Wiedergewählt wurden die republikanischen Gouverneure in Ohio, Pennsylvanien, Iowa und Illinois.

The Pittsburgh Press (November 5, 1942)

Gallup Poll close on New York, erred on U.S.

Forecast of Dewey vote was perfect; U.S. prediction not so close

On the basis of almost complete returns, the Gallup Poll was revealed today to have scored an amazingly close prediction on the New York election outcome, but was not so accurate on the national vote.

The poll came within one-half of 1% on the Dewey vote in New York and exactly predicted the size of the vote in New York City.

Nationally, however, the poll of the American Institute of Public Opinion was wider of the mark, having forecast that the Democrats would “have virtually the same majority of seats in the House for the next two years as they have had since 1938.”

Monday, the Institute predicted that Mr. Dewey would receive 39% in New York City and complete returns show that he received exactly 30%.

Accuracy extraordinary

The Institute forecast a total state vote of 53% for Mr. Dewey, and virtually complete returns indicate that this will be within one-half of 1%. This accuracy is extraordinary in comparison to the normal statistical range of error of 4%.

Monday, the Institute predicted the Republicans would elect governors in most of the populous states outside the South.

Republican governors were elected Tuesday in California, Colorado, Connecticut, Iowa, Kansas, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota and Vermont, and in Maine, where the election took place Sept. 14.

The outstanding feature of the election is the phenomenally low turnout of voters. The Associated Press forecast a vote of 24 million, while the Institute predicted only 30 million. Present returns indicate that only about 26 million voted.

This represents only 43% of the eligible voters of the nation, and less than one-half of the total vote cast in 1940.

Vote lighter than forecast

The light vote delivered by political machines in metropolitan areas was a great factor in decreased Democratic votes. Also contributing was the fact that some five million men are under arms.

On the basis of an expected turnout of 30 million, the Institute estimated before the election that the Republicans would receive 48% of the total two-party vote cast for Congressional candidates. Returns to date show that the four-million drop in the expected vote resulted in an underestimation of the extent of the Republican upsurge by at least 2%.

Perkins: New Congress may vote to regulate labor unions

By Fred W. Perkins, Press Washington correspondent

Washington –
New Deal losses in Tuesday’s elections will be followed in the new Congress by revival of proposals for laws to regulate labor unions, and they may succeed, Senator James J. Davis (R-PA) predicted today.

The Senator, himself the holder of a union card, was Secretary of Labor under three Presidents, and in his 12 years in the Senate he has been a supporter of organized labor.

Important segments of organized labor, particularly the CIO, he said today, made the mistake of “placing all their eggs in one basket,” of giving all their support to one political party.

He said:

With labor taking only the one pro-Roosevelt view, some of labor’s friends may be found lining up on the other side.

He predicted that stringent anti-union legislation, which the House has passed by big majorities but which has been sidetracked in the Senate education and labor committee, will be reintroduced early in the next Congress. Rep. Howard W. Smith (D-VA), sponsor of some of the most drastic proposals, has been reelected easily despite union efforts to defeat him.

Senator Davis predicted that among the anti-union proposals sure to be revived as a result of the election trend are those to place responsibility on trade unions through requirements for federal incorporation and for publicity on their financial affairs, and also for some form of compulsory arbitration of jurisdictional disputes.

In addition, several more far-reaching proposals have been made and passed by the House – including an outlawing of the closed shop in enterprises engaged exclusively on government work.

Brooklyn Eagle (November 6, 1942)

Roosevelt calm over GOP gains

Washington (UP) –
President Roosevelt said today that he saw no reason why the large Republican victory in the election should cause any difference on his attitude toward Congress.

He was asked at his first press conference since the election whether the big Republican gains in Congress would change his attitude toward the legislative body. The President asked in return: “Why should it?”

He added that he assumed that Congress wanted to win the war as much as he did.

He was asked whether he would not confer henceforth with Republican as well as Democratic leaders of the House and Senate since the party alignment in Congress will be more nearly equal. The President replied that he had been meeting with Congressmen from both parties.

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